This paper explores the current debate about water management policies and the factors affecting their formulation and implementation in the arid and semi–arid zones of the Near East and North African Region (NENAR). In this context, relevant and significant experiences of other countries in the world facing similar challenges are also considered (Sachdeva, 2009). The literature pertaining to water management policies is examined to better understand the processes and the experiences of water management reform in these countries and the variables affecting them. Review of different water management policies should provide insights into the parameters and scope of research into improving water use efficiency in agriculture and the effect of water price on farmers' viability. This review will allow both an identification of, and an investigation into, the challenges faced by policymakers in framing water policies linked to water scarcity and water use efficiency in irrigation (Laamrani and Salih, 2010).
Keywords: Libya, Jordan, water scarcity, water management policies, water use efficiency, water demand, water resources management, Near East and North African Region, NENAR, agriculture, water prices, farmer viability, agricultural irrigation