Batch sorption studies using almond shell as an sorbent for the removal of Cu (II) from aqueous solutions, showed that copper removal decreased from 74.9% to 45.6% with increasing its concentration from 10 to 70 ppm. The removal increased with increasing sorbent dose and pH, respectively. Copper removal was obtained equal to 63.7%, 69.6% and 58.6% at 26˚C, 40˚C and 55˚C. The sorption of Cu (II) on almond shell was also optimized by Taguchi method. The optimized conditions were the sorbent mass of 4 g, the ion initial concentration of 10 ppm, pH 7, the temperature of 40˚C and contact time equal to 60 min. The pH and initial Cu (II) concentration with respectively 32.75% and 31.20% contribution had more influence on the removal of Cu (II). The kinetic data fit pseudo-second-order model with correlation coefficients greater than 0.99 and rate constants in the range of 0.26–7.87 g mg−1 min−1.
Keywords: almond shell, Cu (II), kinetics, sorption, Taguchi