This paper addresses the issue of the Mullaperiyar Dam dispute between Kerala and Tamil Nadu with specific reference to the two judgments delivered by the Supreme Court of India on the matter. This paper attempts to examine the arguments, facts, and the judgment of the Court on each of the primary issues raised during the course of the dispute. The first case was filed by the Mullaperiyar Environmental Protection Forum in 2001, wherein the Court adjudged the case in favour of the respondents, the State of Tamil Nadu. Consequently, due to certain developments, examined in the course of the second case, the State of Tamil Nadu filed a petition before the Supreme Court against Kerala in 2006 seeking relief for the actions on the part of the latter after the judgment in the first case. A Constitution Bench was constituted to adjudicate this case, which re-examined certain issues raised during the first case and conclusively laid down its decision in favour of Tamil Nadu.
Seasonality & optimal calf care
Changing seasons, and challenging seasonal extremes (cold, heat and humidity), add extra challenges for a young calf and the caregivers management must be dynamic in order to provide optimal care. A reminder of calf needs should be outlined, especially with the primary calf worker(s). Topics of focus should involve: Optimal nutrition, the importance of access to clean water, clean and dry resting area, calf observation for health, ventilation, and determining what the practical and effective management protocols...
Bull Calves Need Care Too
By far, most bull calves will never become a lasting benefit to a dairy herd, and as such may not always receive the same level of care that heifer calves do. Harmonizing your calf rearing programs will yield positive results for all calves and your bottom line. All calves require excellent care, especially in the first few days of life. Without adequate, timely colostrum and proper milk replacer/milk intake, heifer calves will produce less milk later in life, not to mention reduced likelihood of entering the...
High Fat Feeding - Case Study
The challenge Design a milk replacer feeding schedule to maximize efficient growth while considering: fat content of milk replacer encourage grain intake prior to weaning maintain growth rate through weaning cold weather feeding implications Using a higher milk volume feeding schedule and offering calves a higher fat content in a milk replacer does not mean that success at weaning will be compromised. In fact, during 2015 and 2016 research trials at the Grober Young Animal Development Centre (GYADC),...
Inter-annual variations of Poyang Lake area during dry seasons: characteristics and implications
Variations in a lake area constitute an important indicator of the modifications of the lake hydrology. This paper explores the inter-annual variations of the Poyang Lake area during the dry seasons occurring within the 1961 to 2010 period and further quantifies the severity of dryness recently endured during the 2000s. A physically based hydrodynamic model of Poyang Lake established the relation between the lake area and lake level. The lake area was calculated using the observed lake water level. Results...
5 C’s Of Calf Care
Every producer has individual opportunities and challenges due to their housing environment and management strategy. The key to maximizing growth, health, and long-term profitability is establishing a sound system of care for your pre-ruminant livestock. No matter the system you choose, ensuring these 5 keys to management are acknowledged and defined for you and your team will enhance the performance of your young stock. Here are the 5 keys to success in young animal nutrition Colostrum: Proven to be the key to...