This paper reviews water institutional reforms in Sri Lanka by contrasting those observed during the 1980s with those proposed during the 1990s. While the earlier reforms focused on the irrigation sector that yielded quicker benefits and low political risks, recent reforms have covered macro institutions and the whole water sector where the benefits are gradual and less visible but with high political risks. As the earlier reforms were packaged as part of larger investment programs, they had in-built incentives and strong proponents. But recent reforms not only lacked such conditions but also faced an ideologically charged hostile environment. Despite the current failure of the reforms, their future prospect is not that bleak in view of the emerging consensus on most issues and the continuing government commitment to reform. The Sri Lankan case also provides evidence for the effects of transaction cost and political economy factors, the tactical benefits of reform packaging, sequencing and timing, and the role of stakeholders' perception, learning and information in articulating the demand for change.
Effect of AgraGel T-400 on tomato crops, U. of Valparaiso, Chile - Case Study
IntroductionAt present, a great part of vegetable production in Chile is dedicated to industrial agronomy and one of the most important products is the tomato crop for industrial processing. Chile has a capacity of 180,000 tons of tomatoes per year, which is equivalent to 12,000 hectares of crop land. Among canned products tomato paste represents 38%. This is an important employment generating sector. In order to stabilize the industrial agriculture in Chile and to be competitive with countries like Mexico and...
Senix Water Level Sensors Drive Irrigation Automation Project
Australia’s Water Crisis Irrigation management is serious business in Australia especially within the Murray-Darling Basin, a 1,000,000 square kilometer watershed that is home to Australia’s most productive agricultural land. The basin’s 23 rivers have some of the lowest and most variable flows in theworld. A massive system of dams, lakes and canals stores water from mountain snowmelt and seasonal rains and distributes it to farms and communities throughout the growing season. The Murray-Dar...
100 Simple Ways To Save Water
To improve water conservationinstall a rain sensor, it turns off your irrigation when it rains. Use a weather-based controller. The use ofsmart controllers can reduce water usage 24% a year on average. Learn about available rebate programs by checking with local or state water agencies. Rebates help offset irrigation investments. It’s important to partner with the right expertise (contractor/water manager), and smart technology to achieve conservation and plant health goals. Sustainable savings goals...
Treating wastewater as a resource
A number of UK landfill operators are turning wastewater into a resource by utilising OTT monitoring and control systems to manage the irrigation of Willow crops (for renewable energy generation) with pre-treated effluent. BackgroundLeachate from landfill sites represents a significant potential environmental liability, extending long into the future after a landfill site has closed. Conventional treatment and disposal options involve biological treatment and consented discharge to either the wastewater treatment...
Monitoring Water Resources Beyond Irrigation
Over the past year, California’s governor has taken unprecedented action, requiring Californians to drastically cut potable urban water use. While the restrictions may seem harsh to some, it actually provides an opportunity for building managers and community association boards to implement an effective long-term water conservation program. And the result can be significant dollar savings. Getting Started Creating a plan to curb water use and saving money goes well beyond comparing water bill statements...