Keywords: sustainability, artisanal fishery, frame analysis, environmental conflict, Brazil, sustainable development, industrial development, industrial fisheries
When the traditional meets the modern: the sustainability of the artisanal fishing in Guanabara Bay, Brazil
The industrial development that has contributed to economic prosperity and advancement of standard of living has also brought new risks to people's every day lives and to the environment. This fact has been evident in the multiple uses of environmentally sensitive ecosystems, often resulting in conflicts among the users. This trend is especially apparent in countries like Brazil, where the issues of security, sustainability and equity are incipient and far from solved. This paper seeks to illustrate how the industrial development has impacted the traditional populations and created conflicts. It has been conducted in Guanabara Bay and focuses on current conflicts between industrial and artisanal fisheries. The understanding of the parties' positions in the conflicts was accomplished through frame analysis. The results of this study show that the artisanal fishermen are in a disadvantageous position in the conflicts. Possible facts influencing this position were analysed.