Capacity development in food and agriculture policies # 3At the end of Apartheid in 1994, about 82 million hectares of commercial farmland (86% of all farmland) was in the hands of the white minority. Over thirteen million black people lived in crowded former homelands under extreme poverty. Since 1994, the Government of South Africa has initiated several land reform programs in order to address the racial imbalance in land holding and
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical PapersNo. 509This paper shows that the rapid expansion of aquaculture in Southeast Asia occurred in response to market demand and profit opportunities with little government involvement. Governments were more enabling than pro-active; they endorsed aquaculture as a source of livelihood or export earnings, but did not provide generous incentives to farmers. It is only recently, that, motivated
This book complements the traditional approach to plant breeding by addressing a number of issues specifically related to the participation of farmers in a plant breeding programme, and provides a comprehensive description and assessment of the use of participatory plant breeding in developing countries. It is aimed at plant breeders, social scientists, students and practitioners interested in learning more about its use, with the hope that they ...
This booklet focuses on promoting transport and traction services as viable diversification enterprises for smallholder farmers and other in rural areas. It considers the benefits that can arise from such enterprises, not only for smallholders themselves, but also to local communities in overall terms through increased productivity, improved and faster marketing, better mobility and reduced drudgery.
Series: FAO Agricultural Services BulletinsThe agrifood transport sector in Latin America and the Caribbean is a key component of the food supply chain, making a significant contribution to gross domestic product in these countries. Well-developed, efficient food transport systems are crucial to the survival of thousands of people, and pivotal to the success or failure of key economic sectors such as agriculture and other major national
In recent years, the poverty rate among fruit farmers in the rural Mekong Delta has declined more rapidly than among all rural households in the region and in Vietnam. This is despite huge fluctuations in export markets for fruit in the last decade. The findings from this case study in three rural settlements in Tien Giang and Vinh Long provinces suggest that the main driver of rural development is a positive reciprocal relationship between ...
Series: FAO Commodities and Trade ProceedingsSignificant changes are taking place in the value chain for many agricultural commodities, particularly those fresh products destined for supermarket shelves. The changing patterns of these value chains in agriculture affect equity between producers and buyers and equity among producers themselves, alter the allocation of resources in agriculture and have implications for domestic as well as
Registration of land rights is a recurring theme in the debate on land policy in Africa. Several legal mechanisms have been put in place with the aim of making the procedure of registration and land titling more transparent. However, on the ground the process has produced many transformations which raises the question of the efficiency of these procedures. This paper examines the procedures for accessing land ownership through titling and shows ...
Domestic animal diversity is being lost at an alarming rate. Worldwide, local livestock breed are being crossed or replaced with higher-yielding animals. In collaboration with livestock communities, research centres, universities, governmental and non-governmental organizations, FAO identified and documented 13 case studies, presented in this publication, on how communities manage their local animal genetic resources.These cases studies
This video film focuses on an unprecedented event in West Africa: the organisation of a 'Citizens Jury on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and the Future of Farming'. This citizens' space fo democratic deliberation was held in Mali and was organised by the local government,- the Assemblee Regional de Sikasso-, with the support of IIED.The video film describes the process whereby malian farmers considered expert evidence on the pros
For centuries, farmers have developed technological innovations, to produce improved crops, livestock, tools and machinery and manage their resources in a sustainable manner. Yet in many countries, this kind of intuitive experimentation remains untapped, and farmers receive scant credit for their contributions. This handbook is a training tool written and presented in a practical, hands-on style, the manual aims to show how stimulating and ...
This study was carried out by the Helvetas Mali development programme whose aim was to improve relations between farmers and herders in a context of pressure on natural resources and growing competition over their use in the regions of Kaarta and Fuladugu, Mali. The Pastoral Charter and other legal frameworks are discussed, as well as mechanisms for conflict resolution and participation.
Series: FAO Land Tenure NotesFAO's Land Tenure Notes provide information on land tenure in a format that can be used by grassroots organizations that work with small farmers and others in rural communities. Fair and secure leasing arrangements that balance the interests of the tenant and the land owner can lead to improvements in access to land for farming, better agricultural production and improved access to food. This guide is intend
Series: FAO Agricultural Services BulletinsOne of the main objectives of the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) negotiated under the Uruguay Round is to improve the access of developing countries to foreign markets. Constraints in the domestic supply chains of many countries, along with weak marketing support and trade facilitation services, have prevented them, however, from exploiting the opportunities provided by the AoA and by other agr
Land Registration in Western and Eastern Regions, Ghana assesses the process of rural land registration in Ghana and its outcomes for poor and marginalised groups. In Ghana, deeds registration has been in place since colonial times, and enables right holders to record their land transactions. However, very little rural land has actually been affected by this registration process. The research shows a general lack of awareness of the registration ...
In Bolivia, small farmers economic organisations (organizaviones ecόnomicas campesinas – OECs) are increasingly being talked about as actors that could play a key role in channelling proposals and programmes for sustainable agriculture, in the context of market liberalisation and globalisation.But what are OEC’s? What is their function? How important are they to farming families? How do they influence production and marketing processes?
Series: FAO Commodities and Trade Technical PapersThe last decade has witnessed a steady decline in the dollar values of many of the traditional agricultural export crops from developing countries and has highlighted the risks of depending upon a very narrow export base for foreign exchange earning. Breaking the dependence upon the traditional primary commodities and diversifying into higher value or added value exports is not easy. Thi
Series: FAO Plant Production and Protection PapersFAO, through its Seed and Plant Genetics Resources Service, is conducting a series of expert consultations, workshops and conferences to generate ideas, develop methodologies and facilitate initiatives aimed at strengthening on-farm seed multiplication (the informal seed system), thereby addressing the seed security needs of smallholder farmers. As in sub-Saharan Africa, the informal see
This report documents the results of four case studies in south China in which farmers, local officials and researchers analysed the problems of degraded forests and forest lands, and formulated options for their solution.
This document encourages farmers, extension agencies, researchers, policy-makers and other other stakeholders form the region to examine environmentally sustainable techniques when considering the replacement of methyl bromide. It addresses both chemical and non-chemical alternatives across the spectrum of uses in CEITs, and it includes analyses of associated costs and the applicability of technologies to the region.