During the CTA Annual Seminar which took place in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso from 26 to 31 October 2008, the impact of climate change on the agricultural sectors of ACP countries was discussed in terms of its effects on the productivity of cropping and agro-pastoral systems, and its impacts on the biophysical and socio-economic structure of rural life. In this context, recommendations were made about information strategies that could effectively ...
Integrated Crop Management # 8Jatropa is an underutilized, oil-bearing crop. It produces a seed that can be processed into non-polluting biodiesel, and grows under drought condition. This publication presents a compilation of information on key practical issues affecting jatropha for pro-poor development, based on the knowledge available from research reports and ongoing unpublished research material. This document provides a brief over
Pollination is an ecosystem service that is key to food security. Pollinators are essential for many fruit and vegetable crops. In agriculture, especially amongst pollen-limited crops, promoting pollination services is a means of increasing productivity without resorting to expensive agricultural inputs of pesticides or herbicides. As wild ecosystems are increasingly converted to more human-dominated uses to meet the compelling demand of food ...
Series: FAO Commodities and Trade Technical PapersThis report has two objectives. It assesses the nature and the extent of vulnerability among rural households in Tanzania with a particular focus on smallholder cash crop growers though exploring all risks, including the decline in commodity prices. It further explores the potential role for market based insurance schemes such as commodity price and weather based insurance to mitigate ho
Series: Good practices for animal feed and livestockThis booklet is directed at the farm situation, providing advice that can be used to avoid mycotoxin contamination before food leaves the farm. The booklet describes what mycotoxins are, how they are produced and how to recognise signs of their presence. It provides advice to enable farmers to minimise the risk from mould contamination whilst the crop is growing, during harvest and thr
Series: FAO Commodities and Trade Technical PapersThis report explores how farm productivity affects poverty, and how various factor market constraints affect farm productivity. The empirical analysis draws on representative surveys of farm households in Kilimanjaro and Ruvuma, two cash crop growing regions in the United Republic of Tanzania. Findings show that agricultural productivity directly affects household consumption and hence o
As regulative institutions, Andean barter markets help sustain local food systems and the ecosystems in which they are embedded. Action research with indigenous communities in the Lares Valley (Department of Cusco, Peru) generated new evidence on the importance of barter markets for: - giving some of the poorest social groups in the Andes better food security and nutrition; - conserving agricultural biodiversity (genetic, species, ecosystem) ...
Series: FAO Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition BulletinsMost of the world's hunger and poverty occurs in rural areas. The use of fertilizers could improve agricultural productivity in these areas. However, many developing countries attach a low priority to the subsistence/smallholder sector, particularly in disadvantaged areas. Properly applied, fertilizer use is sustainable, not only improving agricultural productivity but also helping to
The main objective of this consultation was to review the scientific basis and procedures to establish effective post-release monitoring of genetically modified (GM) crops and develop guidelines to strengthen the capacities of member countries to design and carry out monitoring programmes. The major outputs of the meeting were: a review of scientific criteria and procedures that address the technical aspects of monitoring environmental effects ...
Series: FAO Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition BulletinsFood security is a major global concern. It depends to a considerable extent on efficient plant nutrition. Extensive information on various aspects of plant nutrition has been generated in the recent past. However, this information remains scattered in several publications. This bulletin provides comprehensive updated coverage of the key aspects of plant nutrition with special referenc
Series: FAO Plant Production and Protection PapersThe quality declared seed system, as presented in the 1993 FAO Plant Production and Production Paper No. 117, has been widely used and consulted. It has proved to be particularly useful for those working in the field of emergency seed supply and as a source of practical information on seed standards for a range of crop species. The system provided an alternative for seed quality assuranc
Land Registration in Western and Eastern Regions, Ghana assesses the process of rural land registration in Ghana and its outcomes for poor and marginalised groups. In Ghana, deeds registration has been in place since colonial times, and enables right holders to record their land transactions. However, very little rural land has actually been affected by this registration process. The research shows a general lack of awareness of the registration ...
Scarcity of information on biotechnology activities in developing countries has prompted FAO to build up an inventory of biotechnology products and techniques in use or in the pipeline in these countries. The inventory has been compiled and organized into a searchable online database entitled FAO-BioDeC (FAO Biotechnology in Developing Countries). This document presents a preliminary assessment and analysis of the status of development, adoption ...
Series: FAO Commodities and Trade Technical PapersWorkplace safety and environmental sustainability can be promoted by agreed standards, certification and labelling. Relevant standards for cash crops in developing countries are reviewed here, including organic agriculture, fair-trade labelling, Social Accountability- 8000, the Rainforest Alliance Sustainable Agriculture Programme, the Ethical Trading Initiative, ISO-14001 and EurepGap.
Series: FAO Commodities and Trade Technical PapersThe last decade has witnessed a steady decline in the dollar values of many of the traditional agricultural export crops from developing countries and has highlighted the risks of depending upon a very narrow export base for foreign exchange earning. Breaking the dependence upon the traditional primary commodities and diversifying into higher value or added value exports is not easy. Thi
Series: FAO Plant Production and Protection PapersTriticale, the first successful human-made cereal grain, was deliberately produced in 1875 by crossing wheat with rye. Since then, the evolution of this crop has been the topic of keen interest for many plant scientists. This book presents updated information on various aspects of triticale production, improvement, uses and marketing strategies in the world. It also includes 13 country r
Series: FAO Research and Technology PapersThis publication presents the report of the first six e-mail conferences hosted by the FAO Electronic Forum on Biotechnology in Food and Agriculture from March 2000 to May 2001. Each conference was moderated, lasted approximately two months and focused on agricultural biotechnology in developing countries. Four of the conferences dealt with the appropriateness of currently available biotechnolog
Series: FAO Plant Production and Protection SeriesThis book brings together studies by national scientists on traditional transhumant grazing systems, emphasizing grazing management and overall land use. Focus is on two zones in temperate Asia: the Himalaya-Hindu Kush and the colder areas of China, Mongolia and parts of Central Asia. Under prevailing conditions, mobile herding is the only sustainable way the population can make best use
Series: FAO Plant Production and Protection PapersIn 1994 FAO published " Weed management for developing countries" , to make available the most relevant information on weed management. As there have been several new developments on weed management, FAO has updated the available information in this new publication on improved weed management. Weed management does not consist solely in the use of herbicides: other methods exist. The pape
Series: FAO Animal Production and Health PapersThis publication describes the national programme on animal production based on crop residues, which has been the base of the rapid development of the ruminant sector in China during the last decade. The use of crop residues, as the most abundant and widely spread fodder resources, has been regarded as the turning point to resolve the feed problem of the country.