Forests are not only important for the 1.6 billion people who depend on them for their livelihoods, but for the world’s population at large. Forests play a critical role in the Earth’s life support system, including global carbon and hydrological cycles. To help communicate the value of forests to policy-makers and the wider public, three United Nations organizations/entities UNEP, FAO and UNFF joined efforts to analyse, synthesize
Many countries around the world are engaged in decentralization processes, and most African countries face serious problems with forest governance, from benefits sharing to illegality and sustainable forest management. This book summarizes experiences to date on the extent and nature of decentralization and its outcomes - most of which suggest an underperformance of governance reforms - and explores the viability of different governance ...
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Papers # 529This technical paper provides a comprehensive review of current integrated mariculture practices around the world in three papers covering temperate zones, tropical zones and one semi enclosed ecosystem, the Mediterranean Sea. Integrated mariculture includes a diverse range of co-culture/farming practices, from integrated multitrophic aquaculture to the more specialized integration of
Integrated Crop Management # 8Jatropa is an underutilized, oil-bearing crop. It produces a seed that can be processed into non-polluting biodiesel, and grows under drought condition. This publication presents a compilation of information on key practical issues affecting jatropha for pro-poor development, based on the knowledge available from research reports and ongoing unpublished research material. This document provides a brief over
The decentralization of control over the vast forests of the world is moving at a rapid pace, with both positive and negative ramifications for people and forests themselves. The fresh research from a host of Asia-Pacific countries described in this book presents rich and varied experience with decentralization and provides important lessons for other regions.Beginning with historical and geographical overview chapters, the book proceed
Series: FAO Fisheries ProceedingsThe global food production sector is growing and in many areas farming systems are intensifying. Although food production from all sectors has environmental impacts and environmental costs, public opinion and regulatory oversight amongst the sectors in this area is uneven. In order to understand better the place of aquaculture amidst the other food production sectors in regards to environmental costs, th
Five training manuals on "Simple Methods for Aquaculture" and the "Handbook on Small-scale Freshwater Fish Farming" are presented on the CD-ROM. These manuals are written in simple language, focusing on the practical aspects of semi-intensive fish culture in freshwaters from site selection and fish farm construction to the raising, final harvesting and marketing of the fish. They present methods and equipment useful not only to those responsible ...
The International Forum on Assessing Sustainability in Agriculture(INFASA) was established by IISD and the Swiss College of Agriculture in 2006. INFASA aims to advance sustainable agricultural production by facilitating an ongoing strategic dialogue among scientists, policy-makers, producers, food industry leaders and consumers.INFASA debuted with a Symposium in Bern, Switzerland, in March of 2006.The Symposium inclu
Series: Agricultural and food engineering technical reportsIt is obvious that apicultural industries play an important role in generating employment opportunities and increasing family income in the rural areas of the world. Control of diseases and pest of honey bees is one of most challenging tasks in improving quality of honey and honey bee by-products, especially for the beekeepers in developing countries. This document describes com
Series: FAO Land Tenure NotesFAO's Land Tenure Notes provide information on land tenure in a format that can be used by grassroots organizations that work with small farmers and others in rural communities. Fair and secure leasing arrangements that balance the interests of the tenant and the land owner can lead to improvements in access to land for farming, better agricultural production and improved access to food. This guide is intend
This guide has been developed by the FAO/International Diary Federation Task Force on Good Dairy Farming Practices in a user-friendly format for dairy farmers. When adopted it will support the marketing of safe, quality-assured milk and dairy products, and focus on the relationship between consumer safety and best practice at farm level. The guidelines on individual practices have been drawn from existing schemes around the world but are not ...
Series: FAO Commodities and Trade Technical PapersThis publication is a summary of the presentations and discussions that took place during the meeting on "Voluntary Standards and Certification for Responsible Agricultural Production and Trade" organized by FAO in April 2004. It presents the situation of the main import markets for certified products and the evolution of demand. Case studies aimed at comparing sustainable farming method
Explore On-farm aims at improving sustainable production of rainfed wheat-based farming systems. It brings researchers, farmers and extension agents together, on-farm, to carry out guided and collaborative crop trials. The trials should lead to the identification and reduction of constraints to productivity and to the adaptation of general recommendations to local conditions. These guidelines work upon: increasing understanding of the local ...
This volume brings together a collection of papers by some experts in medicinal plants. It is presented as a contribution to clarifying the many policy and technical issues associated with the conservation, use, production and trade of medicinal plants. This publication draws attention to the huge contribution of medicinal plants to traditional and modern health care systems, but also alert the readers on the many problems and challeng
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersThis document highlights the rising importance of seaweed farming and shows how an essential Asian food has become popular in North and South America as well as in Europe. The report will be useful to those who wish to know more about the seaweed industry, about the markets for commercial seaweeds and about the various sources and methods of production. It is written with a minimum of technical lang
To highlight the numerous efforts undertaken in forest management within the past 20 years, FAO recently launched a new initiative entitled "In search of excellence" to identify and document successful examples of sustainable management. This document contains in-depth analyses in the form of 14 case studies. The management practices identified demonstrate the evolution of the forest sector in Central Africa.This compilation
This is the set of six Indian sub-studies produced to support the Instruments for Sustainable Private Sector Forestry project and the book The New Foresters. These studies aim to better understand private sector motivations and to identify effect market and regulatory instruments to ensure that the private sector produces social and environmental benefits from forest management. By considering new instruments within the wider context of policy ...
There is growing recognition that centralized forest regimes, which exclude local knowledge and customary practices, have not achieved sustainable forest management. Most countries of Eastern and Southern Africa are reviewing and revising policies and laws and restructuring their agencies to accommodate emerging forest management imperatives. This study discusses the evolution of community involvement in forest management (CIFM) in Eastern and ...
Series: FAO Land Tenure StudiesThe information in this booklet is designed to assist governments and civil society in understanding how agricultural leasing and related agreements work, and what the advantages are of providing an appropriate framework for equitable arrangements that balance the interests of the parties involved - generally the tenant and the landowner. The guidelines therefore deal with the contextual and policy issues
Series: FAO Conservation GuidesThis publication addresses the topic of management of natural forests in tropical dry zones. In the first part, the document reviews relevant issues, the nature and diversity of these forest formations and the biological, socio-economic and human factors that affect their present evolution. It then introduces the concept of management and the fundamentals and principles underpinning it. An assessment of th