Domestic animal diversity is being lost at an alarming rate. Worldwide, local livestock breed are being crossed or replaced with higher-yielding animals. In collaboration with livestock communities, research centres, universities, governmental and non-governmental organizations, FAO identified and documented 13 case studies, presented in this publication, on how communities manage their local animal genetic resources.These cases studies
For centuries, farmers have developed technological innovations, to produce improved crops, livestock, tools and machinery and manage their resources in a sustainable manner. Yet in many countries, this kind of intuitive experimentation remains untapped, and farmers receive scant credit for their contributions. This handbook is a training tool written and presented in a practical, hands-on style, the manual aims to show how stimulating and ...
Series: FAO Animal Production and Health ManualsHighly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) represents a threat to poultry industries worldwide and to people's livelihoods, and a potential threat to human health. The international community has vested interest in minimizing the spread of this disease. Countries may be under threat of introduction of avian influenza through exposure of poultry to wild birds, especially waterfowl. They may a
Series: FAO Animal Production and Health PapersLivestock play an important but variable role in both rural and urban societies. At the request and with the support of the Japanese Government, FAO has compiled experiences of livestock keeping from different parts of the world, categorized by production systems, to make it easier for interested people to select ideas for their own conditions. This document presents a sample of such techno
Series: FAO Animal Health ManualsAfrican swine fever (ASF) is a disease with a mortality rate close to 100 percent. There is no vaccine and no conventional treatment against the disease. To reduce the effects caused by ASF outbreaks, optimal response mechanisms against probable ASF emergency disease situations need to be planned and rehearsed so that the disease can be controlled and eradicated in the most rapid and cost-effective way.
Series: FAO Animal Production and Health PapersLivestock play an important role in human society, and in mixed farming systems in particular. This document presents a sample of technologies for livestock keeping in rural mixed crop-livestock farming systems from different parts of the world, with emphasis on describing the livestock production systems in the traditional sector and identifying constraints. Suggestions for improving produ
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersIn efforts to limit transboundary movement of pathogens and reduce the economic and socioeconomic impact of disease in aquaculture, there is considerable scope for more effective use of DNA-based methods of pathogen detection. These technologies offer rapid results with potentially high sensitivity and specificity, at relatively low cost. However, few, if any, of the available tests have been assess
Series: FAO Animal Health ManualAfrican swine fever (ASF) is endemic in some parts of eastern and southern Africa. The introduction of ASF into free areas leads to losses because of the devastating effects it causes. In order to minimize these losses, it is essential that there is a strong early warning and early reaction capacity. The key to such a system is disease recognition. The purpose of this manual is to enhance recognition of A
Although most antelope species still exist in large numbers in sub-Saharan Africa (some in hundreds of thousands), up to three-quarters of the species are in decline. Threats to their survival arise from the rapid growth of human and livestock populations, with consequent degradation and destruction of natural habitats, and excessive offtake by meat hunters. In addition, some parts of Africa are mow almost completely devoid of large wild animals ...
Series: FAO Animal Production and Health PapersGastro-intestinal nematode parasitism is one of the most important disease constraints to small ruminant production in the sub-tropics and tropics control of the gastro-intestinal nematodes particularly Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus species is a prerequisite for profitable small ruminant production. Strategies for the control have up till now relied almost entirely on the use of
Includes the following articles: ~Editorial: PRA and Livestock Development: Some Challenges - Cathy Watson and Adrian Cullis. ~Methods: ~1. A Review of PRA Methods for Livestock Research and Development - Kate Kirsopp-Reed. ~Case Studies: Animal Health: ~2. Ethnoveterinary Question List - Barbara Grandin and John Young. ~3. Planning a Community Animal Health Care Programme in Afghanistan - Tim Leyland. ~4. Seasonal Disease Incidence in the ...