Inappropriate subsidies contribute to widespread overfishing and to the distortion of trade in fisheries products. Current negotiations in the WTO aim to address this problem through binding new subsidies rules, but some fisheries subsidies will undoubtedly continue to be used for years to come.Jointly commissioned by WWF and UNEP, this paper — Sustainability criteria for fisheries subsidies: Options for the WTO and beyond &m
Over the past decade, there has been growing concern among international stakeholders, particularly in Mediterranean countries, about aquaculture product quality, knowledge management, interaction with the environment, technology and systems, fish health and welfare, management of biological lifecycles and sustainable feed production within the aquaculture sector. This publication is a result of a constructive debate among stakeholders. It ...
The workshop, attended by delegates from Bahrain, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and United Arab Emirates, presented the results and analysis of a performance survey, prepared and finalized a proposal for a regional programme for improving aquatic animal health, and created awareness and initiated capacity building on basic concepts and emerging issues.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Reports 906The recent incursion of a serious disease, epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS), in the Chobe-Zambezi River - and now confirmed in Botswana, Namibia and Zambia - revealed biosecurity weakness in the southern African region. The Workshop on the Development of an Aquatic Framework for Southern Africa was convened by FAO, as part of its continuing assistance to the region. The objectives were to unde
Series: FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible FisheriesThese technical guidelines have been developed to support sections of FAO's Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries addressing responsible fisheries management (Article 7), aquaculture development (Article 9), international trade (Article 11) and fisheries research (Article 12). The objective of these guidelines is to assist countries in reducing the risk of introduction and sp
Bycatch is the unwanted or non-target part of the catch taken by fishermen. It is either discarded at sea or used for human or animal consumption. The capture of bycatch may pose a threat to species diversity and ecosystem health because this part of the catch is usually unregulated. In tropical shrimp-trawl fisheries, bycatch often consists of juvenile food-fish species and is therefore a threat to food security and sustainable fisheries ...
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersShrimp aquaculture is an important and valuable production sector that has been growing rapidly over the past two decades. Success is largely based on the quality of postlarvae, particularly their health condition, thus making hatchery production of quality postlarvae crucial to the sector's sustainability. This document reviews the current status of the Penaeus monodon shrimp hatchery industry in I
Series: FAO Agricultural Services BulletinsLivestock and aquaculture insurance have received less attention than crop insurance in risk management strategies being considered in recent years. This publication is intended as a contribution to redressing this imbalance. It briefly introduces the role of insurance as a risk management mechanism in livestock and aquaculture enterprises. It aims at setting the scene, and explores with the re
The pearl oyster industry is a growing multibillion dollar sector of molluscan aquaculture. The end product of pearl farming, the pearl, is unique to this sector. Pearl production is entirely based upon health. The pearl itself is a product of the oyster's immune defences as a response to soft-tissue irritation. Today, most disease problems are caused by opportunistic pathogens taking advantage of oysters weakened by the stress of handling, ...
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersThis document provides guidance to assist developing countries in improving national emergency preparedness in order to maximize the efficiency of response to serious outbreaks of aquatic animal diseases. This is a product of a joint FAO, Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA) and WorldFish Center (WFC) Regional Workshop held in Jakarta, Indonesia, from 21 to 23 September 2004. The wo
Series: FAO Fisheries ProceedingsThe Workshop focused on emergency planning and responses to serious outbreaks of aquatic animal diseases in Asia. These proceedings include all the papers presented, group reports and resulting recommendations. The workshop was organized jointly by FAO, the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific and the WorldFish Center and was hosted by the Government of Indonesia, Ministry of Marine Affairs and
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersConsidering the overall misuse of antibiotics in all areas - human medicine, veterinary medicine, animal production and plant protection - this document aims to raise awareness of the antibiotic resistance problem in fish farming and related sectors, and promote the prudent use of these drugs according to the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. This work focuses on antibiotics misuse and
Capture-based aquaculture" defines and reviews certain practices that are shared between aquaculture and capture fisheries. It specifically considers the on-growing of fattening of four species groups - eels, groupers, tunas and yellowtails - which is based on the use of wild-caught "seed". The report begins with an introduction on the overlap between aquaculture and fisheries and their global trends.Chapters on the four species group f
Series: Non-series titles(First edition: 2001; this reprint: 2004). This publication is intended for the instruction of agricultural extension, home economics, nutrition, health and other community development agents working with households and communities. Home gardens are found in many humid and subhumid areas of Africa. These gardens have an established tradition and offer great potential for improving household food supplies.
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersThis document provides recommendations for surveillance and zoning that will be useful for designing national programmes aimed at reducing the risks of diseases resulting from transfers of live aquatic animals. It contains the collective expert opinion and recommendations made during an expert consultation, jointly organized by FAO, the Federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada and the World
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersTilapias are an important group of fish, native to Africa, which contribute to food supply in many areas of the world. While there has been a significant increase in production of tilapias globally over the past two decades, there is also some controversy that tilapias cause considerable environmental and biodiversity damage. This publication presents a broad analysis of the overall contribution tha
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersThis document is the technical proceedings of a regional workshop held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from 27-30 September 1999. The workshop largely focused on understanding the impacts of aquatic animal health risks associated with rural, small-scale aquaculture and enhanced fisheries and evaluating their impacts on rural livelihoods. The workshop also attempted to derive appropriate management intervention
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersThis publication provides background material and detailed technical procedures to assist countries and territories in Asia in implementing the Asia regional technical guidelines on health management for the responsible movement of live aquatic animals. The technical guidelines provide expert guidance for national and regional efforts to reduce the risks of disease due to transboundary movement of l
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersAn FAO Technical Cooperation Programme Project "Assistance for the Responsible Movement of Live Aquatic Animals" was launched by the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific in 1998, with the participation of 21 countries from throughout the region. This programme complemented FAO's efforts in assisting member countries to implement the relevant provisions in Article 9 - Aquaculture Developmen
Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersIn efforts to limit transboundary movement of pathogens and reduce the economic and socioeconomic impact of disease in aquaculture, there is considerable scope for more effective use of DNA-based methods of pathogen detection. These technologies offer rapid results with potentially high sensitivity and specificity, at relatively low cost. However, few, if any, of the available tests have been assess