Series: FAO Legislative StudiesBiosecurity aims to facilitate the implementation of international obligations related to international trade and the protection of human, animal and plant life and health as well as the environment. It looks at the coordination of sectoral regulatory authorities in order to manage biological risks for food and agriculture in an efficient and holistic manner. Upgraded legislation is needed to align nationa
As regulative institutions, Andean barter markets help sustain local food systems and the ecosystems in which they are embedded. Action research with indigenous communities in the Lares Valley (Department of Cusco, Peru) generated new evidence on the importance of barter markets for: - giving some of the poorest social groups in the Andes better food security and nutrition; - conserving agricultural biodiversity (genetic, species, ecosystem) ...
Series: Agricultural and food engineering technical reportsIt is obvious that apicultural industries play an important role in generating employment opportunities and increasing family income in the rural areas of the world. Control of diseases and pest of honey bees is one of most challenging tasks in improving quality of honey and honey bee by-products, especially for the beekeepers in developing countries. This document describes com
Series: FAO Agriculture SeriesThe "State of Food and Agriculture 2003-04" explores the potential of agriculture biotechnology - especially transgenic crops - to meet the needs of the poor. It is found that agricultural biotechnology can help the poor by reducing reliance on toxic agricultural chemicals, lowering production costs for farmers, enhancing the nutritional contents of food and improving the control of plant and animal disease
Series: FAO Animal Production and Health PapersBrucellosis is still a major disease problem in the Mediterranean region, western Asia, parts of Africa and Latin America. Reduction in human brucellosis cases is a good indicator of successful progress in the control of animal brucellosis. The zoonotic significance of brucellosis therefore requires concerted efforts for control through intersectoral collaboration between ministries of agri
Series: PAAT Technical and Scientific SeriesAfrican animal trypanosomiasis affects the entire economy of livestock-agricultural production in vast zones of tsetse infested areas, and has, therefore, cultural and socio-economic implications on the day-to-day life of rural communities. This paper reviews a broad spectrum of socio-economic and cultural information on tsetse and trypanosomiasis intervention and analyses it from several pers
This report examines the diverse arrangements by which people gain access to land and trees, through a system of rental, loans, sharecropping, mortgage and guardianship contracts. The terms and conditions are subject to negotiation according to people and place. Shortage of credit, the withdrawal of government support to agriculture, and absence of legal framework are important factors in generating such institutional innovation. High levels of ...