Vegetables that are easy to grow - potatoes, onions, tomatoes - provide economic, social and nutritional advantages and can make significant differences to smallholder livelihoods. With this booklet, policy-makers and development personnel will recognize the opportunities that are available for producing and marketing quality vegetables. [The main target audience for the FAO Diversification booklets are people and organizations that provide ...
Microbiological Risk Assessment SeriesProblems linked with pathogens in fresh produce, including the associated public health and trade implications, have been reported in a number of countries worldwide. Furthermore, from 1980 to 2004, the global production per annum of fruit and vegetables grew by 94% and they are a critical component of a healthy diet. Reported outbreaks associated with leafy vegetables and herbs have been notable fo
This manual describes the establishment of a business using fruits and vegetables, including different products and processes, potential markets, the equipment and facilities required, and quality assurance for each type of product. The business of managing a fruit or vegetable business is also covered, including health and safety issues, and managing staff, finances and business strategy. Guidance to different types of processing is included, ...
Pollination is an ecosystem service that is key to food security. Pollinators are essential for many fruit and vegetable crops. In agriculture, especially amongst pollen-limited crops, promoting pollination services is a means of increasing productivity without resorting to expensive agricultural inputs of pesticides or herbicides. As wild ecosystems are increasingly converted to more human-dominated uses to meet the compelling demand of food ...
The Codex standards for all fresh fruits and vegetables and relevant related texts including the Code of Hygienic Practice for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. This first edition includes all texts adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission up to 2007. (Also published in French and in Spanish)
Latin American case studies on "Implementing programmes to improve safety and quality in fruit and vegetables supply chains: benefits and drawbacks" provide guidelines to improve understanding of the factors that facilitate and/or hamper the implementation of safety and quality improvements on the part of fruit and vegetable producers, especially small-scale ones, and also of the need to propose integrated solutions that take account of the ...
This 8-page fold-out leaflet, practical for use in the field and easy to read, covers the subject of preserving green leafy vegetables and fruits. It gives some background to the subject, outlines processes and provides tips, tables and explanatory line drawings.
Series: FAO Commodity StudiesOver the past 20 years the number of standards and certification programmes for agricultural production has grown rapidly. Producers who want to export are confronted not only by a plethora of import regulations, but also within import countries by different niche markets for which specific requirements have to be fulfilled. This report gives an overview of standards and certification programmes relevant for
Series: FAO Agricultural Services BulletinsThis manual provides basic and essential information on freezing technology to preserve fruits and vegetables in small-scale operations. Practical examples demonstrating the application of the technology are given to provide a better understanding of the processes. Freezing is the most widely used method of food preservation permitting retention of quality of the products during long periods of
The Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Quality and Safety Database is part of the FAO activities aimed at enhancing information access and exchange as means to improve the safe production, harvesting, handling, storage, transport and marketing of fresh fruit and vegetable. The database focuses on resource materials and training activities, and has been structured so that the users will understand the relations between quality and safety issues.T
Series: FAO Agricultural Services BulletinsThe fruit and vegetable production sector of Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and Eastern Europe is facing a new situation where, on the one hand, supermarket chains account for an increasing percentage of the domestic food retail market and, on the other hand, producers must compete in an increasingly demanding global market for non traditional and off-season fruits and vegetables. Produc
Series: FAO Commodities and Trade Technical PapersThis publication summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the International Seminar on Producing and Exporting Organic Fruit and Vegetables in Asia that was held in Bangkok, Thailand, in November 2003.It describes the market situation and outlook for organic horticultural products, the opportunities offered by the main import markets (North America, the Europea
Only available on subscription. Back copies are downloadable from www.iied.orgUnder contract farming arrangements, landowners or tenants have contracts with agribusiness marketing and/or processing firms who specify prices, timing, quality and quantity/acreage of the produce to be delivered. Workers employed by contract producers tend to experience poor terms and conditions, especially women workers, and there is an increasing incidence
Series: Non-series TitlesBiodrainage relies on vegetation, rather than mechanical means, to remove excess water. It is economically attractive because it require only an initial investment for planting the vegetation, and when established, the system could produce economic returns by means of fodder, wood or fibre harvested. This publication is a compilation of existing information, both formally published and unpublished literature.
This paper examines the organisation and functioning of state-sponsored fruit and vegetables farmers’ markets in selected urban centres of Tamil Nadu. The study assessed actual and potential contributions to more viable livelihoods for small and marginal farmers, and to increased food security for low-income urban groups.This paper examines the organisation and functioning of state-sponsored fruit and vegetables farmers’ markets in sele
Series: Non-series titlesSince the mid-1990s the market for organic foods has been expanding rapidly and, among these products, organic fruit and vegetables have been growing the fastest. The publication " World markets for organic fruit and vegetables" presents the recent findings of a joint FAO/ITC/CTA study on international trade in fresh organic fruit and vegetables. It provides detailed information on demand for these products in t
Series: FAO Plant Production and Protection PapersThis document was prepared to emphasize the importance of high-quality and true-to-type seedlings as a component of integrated production and pest management (IPPM) for increased crop productivity. The text reviews the current technologies for the production of healthy and vigorous transplants including the use of available local materials and substrates. The manual aims at disseminating
The Office of Niger (ON) in Mali is one of the largest irrigation schemes in Sub-Saharan Africa and has provided a much improved source of income for rice farmers. Production in the ON has recently diversified, and farmers have started supplementing their income by growing vegetables on the rice fields in the dry season. The scheme is currently being expanded, which should improve rural people’s livelihoods. However, this could have negative ...