FAO Animal Production and Health Papers # 168Many local livestock breeds and minor species are in decline and may be lost because they cannot compete with high-yielding exotic breeds. Conserving these breeds is important: many have unique traits, such as hardiness and disease resistance, that are vital for future livestock production. One way to help ensure their survival may be to sell products from these breeds to high-value, speciali
FAO Animal Production and Health Papers # 167Smallholder farmers and pastoralists fulfill an invaluable yet undervalued role in conserving biodiversity. They act as guardians of locally adapted livestock breeds that can make use of even marginal environments under tough climatic conditions and therefore are a crucial resource for food security. But in addition, by sustaining animals on natural vegetation and as part of local ecosystems,
In the light of continuing research and technology development, the process of producing improved varieties, clones, breeds and stains of agriculturally important species is continuously becoming more accurate, reliable and efficient. Today, molecular marker-assisted selection (MAS) is the core technology involved for increasing the rate of genetic gain in crops, livestock, forestry and farmed fish.This book, through a multidisciplinary
Domestic animal diversity is being lost at an alarming rate. Worldwide, local livestock breed are being crossed or replaced with higher-yielding animals. In collaboration with livestock communities, research centres, universities, governmental and non-governmental organizations, FAO identified and documented 13 case studies, presented in this publication, on how communities manage their local animal genetic resources.These cases studies
Series: FAO Plant Production and Protection PapersGenotype x environment interactions, leading to inconsistency of best-yielding material across cropping environments, challenges plant breeders and complicates cultivar recommendation. However, it may also offer opportunities, e.g. raising yields through material specifically adapted to a given area or crop management practice, or limiting yield reduction in unfavourable years through th
This book focuses on the previously neglected interface between the conservation of plant genetic resources and their utilization. Only through utilization can the potential value of conserved genetic resources be realized. However, as this book shows, much conserved germplasm has to be subjected to long-term pre-breeding and genetic enhancement before it can be used in plant breeding programmes. The authors explore the rationale and approaches ...
Series: CopublicationsThe staple diet of more than half the population in the world, rice is a crucial food crop on which there is a wealth of literature. But while much has been researched and written about the more common varieties of rice, far less attention has been paid to the special kind of rice which command high prices on international markets." Speciality rices of the world: breeding, production and marketing" has been compile
This volume provides the most comprehensive review available of the conservation status of African primates. Thirty species, comprising over 50% of the primate fauna of the continent, have been identified as threatened, ranging from the little-known Angwantibo to the gorilla and chimpanzee. For each species a detailed account is provided, with information on distribution, population status, habitat, ecology, threats to survival and conservation ...