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Brush mattresses are layers of living branches laid in a crisscross pattern, 1-2 branches thick, on a stream bank to form a living ground cover. The mattress that is formed protects the bank’s surface until the branches can root and native vegetation becomes established. This living system normally roots in the entire bank face, encouraging natural infiltration and immediately acting as a sediment trap
Wattles, also known as fascines, are living branches bound together in long, tubular bundles. When placed in shallow trenches across the slope of a bank, these structures provide protection from erosion and create a sediment trap. This material provides immediate bank support even prior to root growth. Once established, this live, rooting material grows into a living, fence-like, erosion barrier. Within one growing season, roots and shoots grow...
Dead wedge stakes are pieces of hardwood cut into long wedges to secure wattles, brush mattresses and other applications of soil bioengineering and erosion control measures.