Springer

19 Books found

Books

  • Agriculture and Climate Beyond 2015

    Agriculture and Climate Beyond 2015

    Interactions between agriculture, climate and patterns of land use are complex. Major changes in agriculture, and land use patterns are foreseen in the next couple of decades in response to shifts in climate, greenhouse gas management initiatives, population growth and other forces. The book explores key interactions between changes in agriculture, patterns of land use and efforts to reduce greenhouse emissions from agriculture. The volume is ...

  • Agriculture and the Environment

    Agriculture and the Environment

    The book describes the excess supply of nutrients and manure to agricultural lands and the resulting problems of groundwater contamination and surface water eutrophication. It reviews these practices in the main EU countries and in North America and proposes a new sustainable approach for dealing with this environmental deterioration.

  • Biosaline Agriculture and Salinity Tolerance in Plants

    Biosaline Agriculture and Salinity Tolerance in Plants

    The availability of freshwater for agricultural use is declining in many areas of the world. This is the reason for the increasing use of lower quality or of saline water for crop production. Prolonged use of saline water severely affects the irrigated soils, which contributes to the global land degradation process and has direct impact on biomass production.For this reason, reduction of the spread of salinization, revitalization of salinized a

  • Economic Studies on Food, Agriculture and the Environment

    Economic Studies on Food, Agriculture and the Environment

    This book contains a selection of the papers presented at the Joint Conference on Food, Agriculture, and the Environment, organized by the University of Minnesota and several universities in Italy, and held in Bologna, Italy, on June 12-14, 2001. The papers are grouped into four sections: a) food, nutrition, and quality, b) land and resource assessment, c) agriculture and rural development, and d) environment and markets. Readers will benefit ...

  • Ecosystem Approaches to Landscape Management in Central Europe

    Ecosystem Approaches to Landscape Management in Central Europe

    The challenges in ecosystem science encompass a broadening and strengthening of interdisciplinary ties, the transfer of knowledge of the ecosystem across scales, and the inclusion of anthropogenic impacts and human behavior into ecosystem, landscape, and regional models. The volume addresses these points within the context of studies in major ecosystem types viewed as the building blocks of central European landscapes. The research is evaluated ...

  • Innovations in European Rural Landscapes

    Innovations in European Rural Landscapes

    Rural regions in Europe are evolving under powerful boundary conditions such as globalisation, socio-cultural transformations and climate change, which in turn increases natural hazards. The regional land use and the evolvement of landscapes is increasingly shaped trends and drivers like infrastructural, energy or housing needs, globalised agricultural markets, and consumption habits. To face these challenges and to balance competitiveness with ...

  • Land Change Science in the Tropics: Changing Agricultural Landscapes

    Land Change Science in the Tropics: Changing Agricultural Landscapes

    The IGBP Land Use Land Cover Change program ended in November 2005 with sessions at the IHDP 6th Open Meeting in Bonn. This book is based on a session at that meeting convened by the editors, and presents other important topics and areas. Included are chapters based on papers presented at this meeting and invited contributions that cover important geographical and thematic issues not addressed at the meeting. In particular, there will be a ...

  • Landscape Ecological Applications in Man-Influenced Areas

    Landscape Ecological Applications in Man-Influenced Areas

    Since the last century of ecological history, landscape ecologists have played a role in solving many hot issues linking development and conservation of landscape. Recently, cause and consequences of landscape change are significantly related to rapid urbanization and land transformation in populated area. Therefore, ecological applications on the man-influenced area are a worldwide issue and challenge in landscape ecology. The aim of Landscape

  • Landscape Ecological Applications in Man-Influenced Areas

    Landscape Ecological Applications in Man-Influenced Areas

    Since the last century of ecological history, landscape ecologists have played a role in solving many hot issues linking development and conservation of landscape. Recently, cause and consequences of landscape change are significantly related to rapid urbanization and land transformation in populated area. Therefore, ecological applications on the man-influenced area are a worldwide issue and challenge in landscape ecology. The aim of Landscape

  • Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics

    Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics

    The relationships between soils, microbes and humans are of crucial relevance in the tropics, where plant stress and microbial activity are exacerbated. This volume of Soil Biology presents the living component of tropical soils, showing how it is shaped by environmental conditions and emphasizing its dramatic impact on human survival and well-being. Following an introduction to the specificities of tropical soils and of their microbial communit

  • Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests under Global Change

    Tropical Rainforests and Agroforests under Global Change

    Tropical rainforests are disappearing due to agricultural intensification and climate change, causing irreversible losses in biodiversity and associated ecosystem functioning. Ecosystem properties and human well-being are profoundly influenced by environmental change, which is often not considered during land use intensification. Understanding these processes needs an integrated scientific approach linking ecological, economic and social ...

  • Agriculture and the Citizen

    Agriculture and the Citizen

    The purpose of Agriculture and the Citizen is to help people understand the way in which agriculture operates, providing the information necessary to enable them to arrive at an informed view on major issues: can the increasing world population be adequately fed without unacceptable pollution to the environment? Is the food and water we consume safe? Will we run out of natural resources such as land, fuel or water? Is the current use of ...

  • Agriculture as a Mimic of Natural Ecosystems

    Agriculture as a Mimic of Natural Ecosystems

    This book critically examines the idea that the sustainability of agriculture could be improved by mimicking the structure and processes occurring in natural ecosystems. Researchers from around the world present comparative studies of multi-species farming systems, natural ecosystems and conventional agriculture. Case studies from Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and North and South America examine the implications of increasing the ...

  • Management of Mycorrhizas in Agriculture, Horticulture and Forestry

    Management of Mycorrhizas in Agriculture, Horticulture and Forestry

    This book is the most up-to-date and comprehensive review of our knowledge of the management of mycorrhizas in agriculture, horticulture and forestry. It contains twenty-four reviews written by leading international scientists from eight countries. The reviews consider the ecology, biology and taxonomy of arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal fungi, the information and functioning of mycorrhizas and opportunities for managing these symbioses. ...

  • Post-Agricultural Succession in the Neotropics

    Post-Agricultural Succession in the Neotropics

    Post-agricultural studies have been central to the development of both the science of plant ecology and ecology in general. The study of old field succession allows us to observe the development of the structure and function of communities, as well as understand the role of history and initial conditions in that process. Understanding old field succession can help the public address important scientific and social issues, such as deforestation ...

  • Prospects for Saline Agriculture

    Prospects for Saline Agriculture

    Saline land is a resource capable of significant production. Recent advances in research in breeding for salt tolerance in wheat, biotechnology in rice, and selection and rehabilitation of salt-tolerant plants are of economic importance in arid/saline conditions.This book gives some practical approaches for saline agriculture and afforestation, and describes examples of cultivating salt-tolerant/halophytic plants for commercial interest on salt-

  • Restoration of Forests

    Restoration of Forests

    In the conflict between logging as a material resource and preservation the forests are becoming depleted throughout the world and this depletion is aggravated by the effects of air pollution. The concept of utilization is thus now being expanded to include vital societal values. These issues are nowhere more acute than in Central and Eastern Europe, where obsolete, poorly maintained industrial plant is common. Air pollutant levels are ...

  • Soils, Plants and Clay Minerals

    Soils, Plants and Clay Minerals

    This book considers the inter-relations between plants and minerals in an entirely new way, in that it introduces the notion of eco-engineering: i.e. the manipulation of the mineral world by the living world to the ends of the living world. These inter-relations are the basis for traditional agriculture and should be the basis for new, ecologically oriented land management disciplines, including agriculture itself. These relations also have an ...

  • Storing Carbon in Agricultural Soils: A Multi-Purpose Environmental Strategy

    Storing Carbon in Agricultural Soils: A Multi-Purpose Environmental Strategy

    Soil carbon sequestration can play a strategic role in controlling the increase of CO2 in the atmosphere and thereby help mitigate climatic change. There are scientific opportunities to increase the capacity of soils to store carbon and remove it from circulation for longer periods of time. The vast areas of degraded and desertified lands throughout the world offer great potential for the sequestration of very large quantities of carbon. ...