Springer

15 Books found

Books

  • Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Simply put, allelopathy refers to an ecological phenomenon of plant-plant interference through release of organic chemicals (allelochemicals) in the environment. These chemicals can be directly and continuously released by the donor plants in their immediate environment as volatiles in the air or root exudates in soil or they can be the microbial degradation products of plant residues. The chemicals may interfere with survival and growth of ...

  • Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment

    Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment

    This volume covers all aspects of fundamental and applied nitrogen-fixation research, extending from biochemistry and chemistry through genetics, regulation and physiology to agricultural practice and environmental impact. It describes recent progress on studies of potential catalysts for nitrogen fixation; how the N2-fixing process is regulated in living cells; the use and impact of genetics and genomics on our understanding of the biological ...

  • Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides

    Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides

    This book will respond to the growing need to assess non-target impacts of biological pest control methods. So far, no review - let alone a handbook - exists on how to carry out the required assessments in practice, and what a particular outcome from an assessment might imply in terms of environmental risk or registration requirements. This book is intended to fill that gap. It should be of interest to many professional groups, including the ...

  • First International Meeting on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization

    First International Meeting on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization

    The last decade has seen a significantly increased knowledge about phosphate solubilizing microorganisms. Sixty specialists from 13 countries met in Salamanca to discuss the problems of high P-unavailability as a soil nutrient for crops, and the hazards of an increasing phosphate input to aquatic habitats from industrial and mining activities, sewage disposal, detergents, and other sources. Updated solutions to enhance P-uptake by plants, ...

  • Microbial Root Endophytes

    Microbial Root Endophytes

    Plant roots may not only be colonized by mycorrhizal fungi, but also by a myriad of bacterial and fungal root endophytes that are usually not considered by the investigators of classic symbioses. This is the first book dedicated to the interactions of non-mycorrhizal microbial endophytes with plant roots. The phenotypes of these interactions can be extremely plastic, depending on environmental factors, nutritional status, genetic disposition and

  • Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Mycorrhizal fungi are microbial engines which improve plant vigor and soil quality. They play a crucial role in plant nutrient uptake, water relations, ecosystem establishment, plant diversity, and the productivity of plants. Scientific research involves multidisciplinary approaches to understand the adaptation of mycorrhizae to the rhizosphere, mechanism of root colonization, effect on plant physiology and growth, biofertilization, plant ...

  • Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture, Forestry, Ecology, and the Environment

    Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture, Forestry, Ecology, and the Environment

    This book is the self-contained fourth volume of a seven-volume comprehensive series on nitrogen fixation. The outstanding aspect of this book is the integration of basic and applied work on biological nitrogen fixation in the fields of agriculture, forestry, and ecology in general. Nowadays, the concept of sustainability, which originated in agriculture and land use, is reaching many other areas of society and industry. Sustainability has a ...

  • Rhizosphere: Achievements and Challenges

    Rhizosphere: Achievements and Challenges

    Described by Hiltner over a century ago (1904), the rhizosphere is defined as the fraction of soil influenced by plant root activities. This dynamic, complex interface where soil, plant roots and microbes interact is a major hotspot of microbial activity, where numerous subtle molecular processes, as well as multiple feedback events take place, Rhizosphere investigations at the microscopic scale have driven spectacular academic advances in the ...

  • Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics

    Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics

    The relationships between soils, microbes and humans are of crucial relevance in the tropics, where plant stress and microbial activity are exacerbated. This volume of Soil Biology presents the living component of tropical soils, showing how it is shaped by environmental conditions and emphasizing its dramatic impact on human survival and well-being. Following an introduction to the specificities of tropical soils and of their microbial communit

  • The Ecology of Fungal Entomopathogens

    The Ecology of Fungal Entomopathogens

    Understanding of the ecology of fungal entomopathogens has vastly increased since the early 1800’s, but remains challenging. The often complex interactions between pathogen and host are being unravelled through eloquent research and the importance of the often subtle interactions, in determining the success or failure of biological control, cannot be underplayed. The realm of ecology is vast and deciphering insect-fungal pathogen interactions ...

  • Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

    Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

    This book offers a diverse presentation about use of arthropod-specific pathogens for control and eradication of invasive arthropod species. Basic concepts supporting use of pathogens for microbial control are covered as well as societal and environmental concerns. The major functional issues faced when utilizing pathogens for control of invasive arthropods are discussed in the context of case studies. The majority of the book is composed of ...

  • Ethylene

    Ethylene

    This revolutionary book examines the biochemistry of endogenous ethylene biosynthesis and its role in the physiology of higher plants. Never before has such comprehensive attention been given to soil microbiota and their potential exogenous source of ethylene. This book provides chapters examining ethylene as a hormone, its role in plant physiology, sources and factors affecting microbial production of ethylene, and biochemistry of ethylene ...

  • Management of Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the Development of More Productive and Sustainable Agricultural Systems

    Management of Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the Development of More Productive and Sustainable Agricultural Systems

    The subsistence agriculture of the pre-chemical era efficiently sustained the nitrogen status of soils by maintaining a balance between N loss and N gain from biological nitrogen fixation (BNF): the microbial conversion of atmospheric N to a form usable by plants. This was possible with less intensive cropping, adaptation of rational crop rotations and intercropping schemes, and the use of legumes as green manure. Modern agriculture ...

  • Mycorrhizal Functioning

    Mycorrhizal Functioning

    It is now known that over 90 percent of all plants have established integrative plant-fungal processes in their root systems, and it may well turn out to be the case that virtually all plants have mycorrhizae. In this work, many of the best researchers in the field review the current status of research in plant-fungal communications, mycorrhizal organisms, applications, and biotechnology. The focus is a hierarchical one. This volume ...

  • The Search for Bioactive Compounds from Microorganisms

    The Search for Bioactive Compounds from Microorganisms

    Biologically active compounds isolated from microorganisms continue to be vital to the development of new drugs and agricultural chemicals. This book was prepared by current and past members of the laboratory of Dr. Satoshi Omura of the Kitasato Institute in Japan. Dr. Omura and his colleagues have discovered and studied a number of important antibiotics, and in their work they have pioneered new methods for screening microbes for interesting ...