Springer

26 Books found

Books

  • Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases

    Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases

    Biological control of plant diseases and plant pathogens is of great significance in forestry and agriculture. There is great incentive to discover biologically active natural products from higher plants that are better than synthetic agrochemicals and are much safer, from a health and environmental point-of-view. The development of natural products such as herbicides, fungicides, and their role in biological control of plant diseases, indicates ...

  • Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Simply put, allelopathy refers to an ecological phenomenon of plant-plant interference through release of organic chemicals (allelochemicals) in the environment. These chemicals can be directly and continuously released by the donor plants in their immediate environment as volatiles in the air or root exudates in soil or they can be the microbial degradation products of plant residues. The chemicals may interfere with survival and growth of ...

  • Biocontrol-Based Integrated Management of Oilseed Rape Pests

    Biocontrol-Based Integrated Management of Oilseed Rape Pests

    Oilseed rape is a major arable crop in both Europe and North America. It is attacked by unique complexes of insect pests still largely controlled through the application of chemical insecticides. Crop management systems for the future must combine sustainability with environmental acceptability to satisfy both social and economic demands. This book, in its 17 chapters each led by a world expert, reviews research progress towards developing ...

  • Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides

    Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides

    This book will respond to the growing need to assess non-target impacts of biological pest control methods. So far, no review - let alone a handbook - exists on how to carry out the required assessments in practice, and what a particular outcome from an assessment might imply in terms of environmental risk or registration requirements. This book is intended to fill that gap. It should be of interest to many professional groups, including the ...

  • Genetics and Genomics of Populus

    Genetics and Genomics of Populus

    Trees are truly amazing! Woody species underpin vital terrestrial ecosystems, present a complex array of evolutionary novelties, and provide essential benefits and commodities. Trees play a key role in the major biogeochemical cycles, including water, oxygen, and nitrogen. Notably, forests are second only to oceans in the biological sequestration of carbon, and forests are recognized for their vital role in regulating the concentration of the ...

  • Insect Pest Management

    Insect Pest Management

    This book deals with new approaches to insect pest management in field and protected crops using ecologically sound and innovative techniques. It starts with an overview on general topics in pest management, i.e., the efficacy and selectivity of new biorational insecticides such as insect growth regulators, avermectins, the neonicotinoid insecticides, and the ecology of insect pests and relevance to pest management along with new insights into c

  • Management of Disease in Wild Mammals

    Management of Disease in Wild Mammals

    Wildlife populations may be a significant source of infection for humans and domestic animals while in some cases being themselves endangered by pathogens. The development of sustainable approaches to the management of wildlife diseases is fundamental to the protection of human health, agriculture, and endangered species. Managing disease in free-ranging wild mammals presents serious challenges, however, because of their often complex ecology ...

  • Molecular Biology in Plant Pathogenesis and Disease Management

    Molecular Biology in Plant Pathogenesis and Disease Management

    Studies on molecular biology of pathogens, infection process and disease resistance, have provided information essentially required to understand the vulnerable stages at which the pathogens can be tackled effectively and to adopt novel strategies to incorporate disease resistance genes from diverse sources and /or to induce resistance of cultivars with desirable agronomic attributes using biotic or abiotic agents. The nature of interaction ...

  • Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Mycorrhizal fungi are microbial engines which improve plant vigor and soil quality. They play a crucial role in plant nutrient uptake, water relations, ecosystem establishment, plant diversity, and the productivity of plants. Scientific research involves multidisciplinary approaches to understand the adaptation of mycorrhizae to the rhizosphere, mechanism of root colonization, effect on plant physiology and growth, biofertilization, plant ...

  • Physical Methods in Agriculture

    Physical Methods in Agriculture

    The papers in this book deal with both the physical theories and their applications in the full broad range of agriculture: soils, their parameters and transport processes, soil technology, precision agriculture, agricultural products and their processing, testing and storage and products, genetic modification of agricultural plants. In all those subjects the physical aspects are studied. The majority of the papers belong to the category of ...

  • Plant Ecology, Herbivory, and Human Impact in Nordic Mountain Birch Forests

    Plant Ecology, Herbivory, and Human Impact in Nordic Mountain Birch Forests

    The successful long-term sustainable management of forests is dependent on our knowledge of their history, present state, and responses to changing environmental conditions. In this light, the text evaluates the Nordic mountain birch ecosystem with examples from different sites in the Nordic countries and Scotland.The authors analyse vegetation and soils, and investigate the influence of climate change, insect pests, grazing pressure by sheep an

  • Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress

    Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress

    Environmental stresses represent the most limiting factors for agricultural productivity. Apart from biotic stress caused by plant pathogens, there are a number of abiotic stresses such as extremes in temperature, drought, salinity, heavy metals and radiation which all have detrimental effects on plant growth and yield. However, certain plant species and ecotypes have developed various mechanisms to adapt to such stress conditions. Recent ...

  • The Ecology of Fungal Entomopathogens

    The Ecology of Fungal Entomopathogens

    Understanding of the ecology of fungal entomopathogens has vastly increased since the early 1800’s, but remains challenging. The often complex interactions between pathogen and host are being unravelled through eloquent research and the importance of the often subtle interactions, in determining the success or failure of biological control, cannot be underplayed. The realm of ecology is vast and deciphering insect-fungal pathogen interactions ...

  • Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

    Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

    This book offers a diverse presentation about use of arthropod-specific pathogens for control and eradication of invasive arthropod species. Basic concepts supporting use of pathogens for microbial control are covered as well as societal and environmental concerns. The major functional issues faced when utilizing pathogens for control of invasive arthropods are discussed in the context of case studies. The majority of the book is composed of ...

  • Applications of Seasonal Climate Forecasting in Agricultural and Natural Ecosystems

    Applications of Seasonal Climate Forecasting in Agricultural and Natural Ecosystems

    Climate variability has major impacts in many parts of the world, including Australia. Developments in understanding of the El Niño - Southern Oscillation Phenomenon have introduced some skill in seasonal to inter-annual climate forecasting. Can this skill be harnessed to advantage? Or do we just continue to observe these impacts? How does a decision-maker managing an agricultural or natural ecosystem modify decisions in response to a ...

  • Biocontrol Potential and its Exploitation in Sustainable Agriculture

    Biocontrol Potential and its Exploitation in Sustainable Agriculture

    Plant based Biotechnology has come to represent a means of mitigating the problems of global food security in the twenty first century. Products and processes in agriculture are increasingly becoming linked to science and cutting edge technology, to enable the engineering of what are in effect, designer plants. One of the most successful, non chemical approaches to pest management and disease control, which seeks a solution in terms of ...

  • Biocontrol Potential and its Exploitation in Sustainable Agriculture

    Biocontrol Potential and its Exploitation in Sustainable Agriculture

    Plant based biotechnology has come to represent a means of mitigating the problems of global food security in the twenty-first century. Products and processes in agriculture are increasingly becoming linked to science and cutting edge technology, to enable the engineering of what are in effect, designer plants. One of the most successful , non-chemical approaches to pest management and disease control is biological control, which seeks a ...

  • Ecology of Agricultural Pests

    Ecology of Agricultural Pests

    Advances in biochemical techniques are revolutionizing the study of invertebrate ecology. Their application to pest problems is generating detailed information on the population genetics of pests, pest-predator relationships and interactions between pests and their environment.

  • Ecology of Coccinellidae

    Ecology of Coccinellidae

    The book is the only scientific monograph dealing with coccinellids (i.e. ladybirds), a group of beetles which are beneficial predators of aphids, scale insects and mites, and are also one of the most popular insects. This volume is an updated and modified version of Biology of Coccinellidae (1973) 250 pp. Due to a vast increase in information, the book has become more voluminous (xvi + 464 pp. comprising 133 tables, 95 figures, 11 plates, ...

  • Forests and Insects

    Forests and Insects

    This book covers the full breadth of forest entomology. It combines the work of forest entomologists working on the impact and management of forest pests with those involved in diversity assessment and conservation of insects in forests. Forests and Insects demonstrates that both these disciplines demand an understanding of population and community biology. The book covers such topics as colonization of trees by insects, population ...