Springer

22 Books found

Books

  • Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations

    Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations

    Fitness and adaptation are fundamental characteristics of plant and animal species, enabling them to survive in their environment and to adapt to the inevitable changes in this environment. This is true for both the genetic resources of natural ecosystems as well as those used in agricultural production. Extensive genetic variation exists between varieties/breeds in a species and amongst individuals within breeds. This variation has developed

  • Advances in Integrated Soil Fertility Management in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

    Advances in Integrated Soil Fertility Management in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

    Food insecurity is a central concern and a fundamental challenge for human welfare and economic growth in Africa. Low agricultural production, results in low incomes, poor nutrition, vulnerability to risks and lack of empowerment. Land degradation and soil fertility depletion are considered the major threats to food security and natural resource conservation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Investments in technology, policy and institutional reforms ...

  • Climate Prediction and Agriculture

    Climate Prediction and Agriculture

    Improved adaptation of food production, particularly in areas where climate variability is large, holds the key to improving food security for human populations. Increasing climate knowledge and improved prediction capabilities facilitate the development of relevant climate information and prediction products for applications in agriculture to reduce the negative impacts due to climate variations and to enhance planning activities based on the ...

  • Managing Weather and Climate Risks in Agriculture

    Managing Weather and Climate Risks in Agriculture

    In many parts of the world, weather and climate are one of the biggest production risks and uncertainty factors impacting on agricultural systems performance and management. Both structural and non-structural measures can be used to reduce the impacts of the variability (including extremes) of climate resources on crop production. While the structural measures include strategies such as irrigation, water harvesting, windbreaks etc., the ...

  • Molecular Biology in Plant Pathogenesis and Disease Management

    Molecular Biology in Plant Pathogenesis and Disease Management

    Studies on molecular biology of pathogens, infection process and disease resistance, have provided information essentially required to understand the vulnerable stages at which the pathogens can be tackled effectively and to adopt novel strategies to incorporate disease resistance genes from diverse sources and /or to induce resistance of cultivars with desirable agronomic attributes using biotic or abiotic agents. The nature of interaction ...

  • Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture

    Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture

    Agricultural production is highly dependent on weather, climate and water availability and is adversely affected by the weather and climate-related disasters. Droughts and natural disasters such as floods can result in crop failures, food insecurity, famine, loss of property and life, mass migration and negative national economic growth. It may not be possible to prevent the occurrence of these natural disasters, but the resultant disastrous ...

  • New Approaches to the Economics of Plant Health

    New Approaches to the Economics of Plant Health

    The world trade of plants and plant products is gradually increasing in both quantity and variety. Also, as more and more citizens are nowadays travelling to distant destinations, there is an increased risk of unintentionally importing harmful organisms and invasive species. Governments respond to increased phytosanitary risks by imposing trade-restricting measures. However, they are under increasing pressure of the private sector and the World ...

  • New Approaches to the Economics of Plant Health

    New Approaches to the Economics of Plant Health

    The world trade of plants and plant products is gradually increasing in both quantity and variety. Also, as more and more citizens are nowadays travelling to distant destinations, there is an increased risk of unintentionally importing harmful organisms and invasive species. Governments respond to increased phytosanitary risks by imposing trade-restricting measures. However, they are under increasing pressure of the private sector and the World ...

  • Physical Methods in Agriculture

    Physical Methods in Agriculture

    The papers in this book deal with both the physical theories and their applications in the full broad range of agriculture: soils, their parameters and transport processes, soil technology, precision agriculture, agricultural products and their processing, testing and storage and products, genetic modification of agricultural plants. In all those subjects the physical aspects are studied. The majority of the papers belong to the category of ...

  • Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress

    Plant Responses to Abiotic Stress

    Environmental stresses represent the most limiting factors for agricultural productivity. Apart from biotic stress caused by plant pathogens, there are a number of abiotic stresses such as extremes in temperature, drought, salinity, heavy metals and radiation which all have detrimental effects on plant growth and yield. However, certain plant species and ecotypes have developed various mechanisms to adapt to such stress conditions. Recent ...

  • Rural Landscapes and Agricultural Policies in Europe

    Rural Landscapes and Agricultural Policies in Europe

    The reform of the European agricultural policy aims at stimulating the development of European towards more sustainability and more competitiveness in global markets, by ensuring environmental soundness, supporting rural viability and better meeting consumers demands. Parallel to this farming in the ever growing EU is undergoing major changes. The conditions for production are occurring faster than ever, including developments such as climate ...

  • Sustainable Agriculture

    Sustainable Agriculture

    Sustainability rests on the principle that we must meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Starving people in poor nations, obesity in rich nations, increasing food prices, on-going climate changes, increasing fuel and transportation costs, flaws of the global market, worldwide pesticide pollution, pest adaptation and resistance, loss of soil fertility and organic carbon, soil ...

  • Urban-Rural Interactions

    Urban-Rural Interactions

    Modern Europe has rural roots. Even today, as much as 90 per cent of Europe (EU25) consists of rural areas in which half of the population lives. While different rural areas often face different challenges, the shift from agricultural production towards a multifunctional landscape and the increasing value assigned to environmental values affect all rural areas.The ambition to develop a more diversified rural economy, as well as the bottom-up app

  • Agricultural Productivity

    Agricultural Productivity

    Agricultural Productivity: Measurement and Sources of Growth addresses measurement issues and techniques in agricultural productivity analysis, applying those techniques to recently published data sets for American agriculture. The data sets are used to estimate and explain state level productivity and efficiency differences, and to test different approaches to productivity measurement. The rise in agricultural productivity is the single most ...

  • Agriculture as a Mimic of Natural Ecosystems

    Agriculture as a Mimic of Natural Ecosystems

    This book critically examines the idea that the sustainability of agriculture could be improved by mimicking the structure and processes occurring in natural ecosystems. Researchers from around the world present comparative studies of multi-species farming systems, natural ecosystems and conventional agriculture. Case studies from Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and North and South America examine the implications of increasing the ...

  • Applications of Systems Approaches at the Farm and Regional Levels

    Applications of Systems Approaches at the Farm and Regional Levels

    Systems approaches for agricultural development are needed to determine rational strategies for the role of agriculture in national development. Mathematical models and computer simulation provide objective tools for applying science to determine and evaluate options for resource management at field, farm and regional scales. However, these tools would not be fully utilizable without incorporating social and economic dimensions into their ...

  • Grasshoppers and Grassland Health Managing Grasshopper Outbreaks without Risking Environmental Disaster

    Grasshoppers and Grassland Health Managing Grasshopper Outbreaks without Risking Environmental Disaster

    The first comprehensive, international exploration of the environmental and economic costs and benefits of acridids (grasshoppers and locusts) both as essential ecological components and as serious grassland pests. Using a risk analysis approach to examine the ecological role of acridids and the effect of controlling these insects, the authors assess our current understanding of the grasshopper-grassland relationship. They also propose new ...

  • Management of Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the Development of More Productive and Sustainable Agricultural Systems

    Management of Biological Nitrogen Fixation for the Development of More Productive and Sustainable Agricultural Systems

    The subsistence agriculture of the pre-chemical era efficiently sustained the nitrogen status of soils by maintaining a balance between N loss and N gain from biological nitrogen fixation (BNF): the microbial conversion of atmospheric N to a form usable by plants. This was possible with less intensive cropping, adaptation of rational crop rotations and intercropping schemes, and the use of legumes as green manure. Modern agriculture ...

  • Soil Quality, Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Security in Central and Eastern Europe

    Soil Quality, Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Security in Central and Eastern Europe

    Agriculture is a crucial component of the economies of many of the countries in transition from a centrally-planned to a market economy and the sector is by no means immune to the environmental and socioeconomic problems confronting the countries as a whole. The concept of sustainable development provides a convenient framework for the formulation of government environmental policy for such countries, especially those of them that aspire ...

  • Soil Quality, Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Security in Central and Eastern Europe

    Soil Quality, Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Security in Central and Eastern Europe

    Agriculture is a crucial component of the economies of many of the countries in transition from a centrally-planned to a market economy and the sector is by no means immune to the environmental and socioeconomic problems confronting the countries as a whole. The concept of sustainable development provides a convenient framework for the formulation of government environmental policy for such countries, especially those of them that aspire ...