Springer

Springer

66 Books found

Books

  • A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains

    A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains

    The Great Plains of North America is a major global breadbasket but its agriculture is stressed by drought, heat spells, damaging winds, soil erosion and declining ground water resources. The great inter-annual variability in crop production and declining rural populations weaken an economy already highly dependent upon government support. The region’s ecological fragility and economic weakness is attributed by many to removal of its original ...

  • Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations

    Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations

    Fitness and adaptation are fundamental characteristics of plant and animal species, enabling them to survive in their environment and to adapt to the inevitable changes in this environment. This is true for both the genetic resources of natural ecosystems as well as those used in agricultural production. Extensive genetic variation exists between varieties/breeds in a species and amongst individuals within breeds. This variation has developed

  • Advances in Integrated Soil Fertility Management in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

    Advances in Integrated Soil Fertility Management in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

    Food insecurity is a central concern and a fundamental challenge for human welfare and economic growth in Africa. Low agricultural production, results in low incomes, poor nutrition, vulnerability to risks and lack of empowerment. Land degradation and soil fertility depletion are considered the major threats to food security and natural resource conservation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Investments in technology, policy and institutional reforms ...

  • Advances in Modeling Agricultural Systems

    Advances in Modeling Agricultural Systems

    This book presents an up-to-date review of advances in the mathematical modeling of agricultural systems. It covers a broad spectrum of problems and applications based on internet and communications technology, as well as methodological approaches based on the integration of different simulation and data management tools. Using real-world cases, each chapter presents a detailed solution of a problem in a particular field. This book demonstrates ...

  • Advances in Plant and Animal Boron Nutrition

    Advances in Plant and Animal Boron Nutrition

    Boron is one of the essential micronutrients for higher plants growth and development, and more and more studies have been conducted to establish boron as an essential element in animals and humans. This book reviews all aspects of boron research in recent years and is based on the Third International Symposium on all Aspects of Plant and Animal Boron Nutrition which was held in Wuhan, P.R. China. The following issues are discussed:boron sor

  • Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases

    Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases

    Biological control of plant diseases and plant pathogens is of great significance in forestry and agriculture. There is great incentive to discover biologically active natural products from higher plants that are better than synthetic agrochemicals and are much safer, from a health and environmental point-of-view. The development of natural products such as herbicides, fungicides, and their role in biological control of plant diseases, indicates ...

  • Applications of Cell Immobilisation Biotechnology

    Applications of Cell Immobilisation Biotechnology

    Cell immobilisation biotechnology is a multidisciplinary area, shown to have an important impact on many scientific subdisciplines – including biomedicine, pharmacology, cosmetology, food and agricultural sciences, beverage production, industrial waste treatment, analytical applications, biologics production. "Cell Immobilisation Biotechnology" is an outcome of the editors’ intention to collate the extensive and widespread information on ...

  • Applications of Gene-Based Technologies for Improving Animal Production and Health in Developing Countries

    Applications of Gene-Based Technologies for Improving Animal Production and Health in Developing Countries

    Modern Biotechnology has potential for solving many problems associated with animal productivity and health and offers exciting opportunities for enhancing agricultural productivity. At present the focus is, however, on the issues and problems of significance for livestock producers in the developed world. In order to fully realize the benefits of this technology in developing countries, there is a need to identify, characterize and apply ...

  • Associative and Endophytic Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria and Cyanobacterial Associations

    Associative and Endophytic Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria and Cyanobacterial Associations

    This book is the self-contained fifth volume of a comprehensive seven-volume series covering both fundamental and applied aspects of nitrogen-fixation research since the 19th century. It addresses the issues arising from bacterial colonization of either the plant-root surface or other tissues as well as their modes of doing so. These associations are less formalized than the rhizobia-legume symbiosis but, as more and more of them are discovered, ...

  • Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Towards Poverty Alleviation through Sustainable Agriculture

    Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Towards Poverty Alleviation through Sustainable Agriculture

    This volume covers recent developments in both fundamental and applied research in biological nitrogen fixation. It emphasizes the application of biological nitrogen fixation for sustainable agriculture, which should lead to poverty alleviation, environmental protection, and good agricultural practices generally. The roles of, and advances in, plant breeding, plant molecular biology, nodule physiology, and symbiotic and associative interactions ...

  • Biosaline Agriculture and High Salinity Tolerance

    Biosaline Agriculture and High Salinity Tolerance

    A major threat to agricultural productivity worldwide is undoubtedly due to environments with stressful factors including drought, salinity, waterlogging, extreme temperatures, non-optimal levels of mineral nutrients etc. Based on contributions presented at the International Conference on Biosaline Agriculture and High Salinity Tolerance in November 2006 in Gammarth, Tunisia, this book reviews the current state of knowledge in biosaline ...

  • Climate Change and Crops

    Climate Change and Crops

    Climate change is directly linked to the human activities, according to the Fourth Assessment Report of IPCC (2007). In last two decades of 20th Century, accelerated anthropogenic activities pushed up the atmospheric abundance of greenhouse gases, mainly CO2, CH4, and N2O, alarmingly which enhanced the radiative forcing of the Earth’s surface and thus perturbed its heat radiation balance. As a consequence, atmospheric characteristics, such as te

  • Climate Prediction and Agriculture

    Climate Prediction and Agriculture

    Improved adaptation of food production, particularly in areas where climate variability is large, holds the key to improving food security for human populations. Increasing climate knowledge and improved prediction capabilities facilitate the development of relevant climate information and prediction products for applications in agriculture to reduce the negative impacts due to climate variations and to enhance planning activities based on the ...

  • Encyclopedia of Soil Science

    Encyclopedia of Soil Science

    Soil as the basis of civilization, is the most important resource of the solid earth that we use. It is the source of most of our food and fiber, much of our building materials, and the repository of most of our wastes. Over the last 10,000 years we have learned to manipulate it for our purposes to such a degree that our ecological footprint has notably modified about two thirds of the soils of the Earth. At the beginning of the 21st century, ...

  • Encyclopedia of Soil Science

    Encyclopedia of Soil Science

    Soil as the basis of civilization, is the most important resource of the solid earth that we use. It is the source of most of our food and fiber, much of our building materials, and the repository of most of our wastes. Over the last 10,000 years we have learned to manipulate it for our purposes to such a degree that our ecological footprint has notably modified about two thirds of the soils of the Earth. At the beginning of the 21st century, ...

  • Encyclopedia of Soil Science

    Encyclopedia of Soil Science

    Soil as the basis of civilization, is the most important resource of the solid earth that we use. It is the source of most of our food and fiber, much of our building materials, and the repository of most of our wastes. Over the last 10,000 years we have learned to manipulate it for our purposes to such a degree that our ecological footprint has notably modified about two thirds of the soils of the Earth. At the beginning of the 21st century, ...

  • Environmental Change and Food Security in China

    Environmental Change and Food Security in China

    With 22 percent of the world’s population but only 7 percent of its arable land, China’s food situation is a matter of global concern. This volume is the first to introduce comprehensively the threats to China’s system of food production, distribution, and consumption. It analyzes broad challenges of population growth, urbanization, and extraordinarily rapid economic development. Then it focuses on degradation of China’s land, water and air, ...

  • First International Meeting on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization

    First International Meeting on Microbial Phosphate Solubilization

    The last decade has seen a significantly increased knowledge about phosphate solubilizing microorganisms. Sixty specialists from 13 countries met in Salamanca to discuss the problems of high P-unavailability as a soil nutrient for crops, and the hazards of an increasing phosphate input to aquatic habitats from industrial and mining activities, sewage disposal, detergents, and other sources. Updated solutions to enhance P-uptake by plants, ...

  • Green Manure/Cover Crop Systems of Smallholder Farmers

    Green Manure/Cover Crop Systems of Smallholder Farmers

    In the 1980s and 1990s, green manure/cover crop (GMCC) systems became a popular agricultural technology in research and development efforts for smallholder tropical and subtropical farmers. However, few syntheses of these experiences have been conducted. This volume of case studies contributes to bridging this gap by reviewing field-level experiences with these systems. Twelve case studies are included. Eleven of them describe experiences from L

  • Growing Food

    Growing Food

    This specialist handbook is intended as a quick and easy reference guide to be used by individuals and organisations that are involved with the production of food, from both agriculture and horticulture. It is designed to be used as a reference book that answers basic questions about how food is produced from plants, and aims to demystify the subject of growing food as far as possible. The focus is firmly on the technical aspects of food crops; ...