Springer

45 Books found

Books

  • Analysis of Phylogenetics and Evolution with R

    Analysis of Phylogenetics and Evolution with R

    The increasing availability of molecular and genetic databases coupled with the growing power of computers gives biologists opportunities to address new issues, such as the patterns of molecular evolution, and re-assess old ones, such as the role of adaptation in species diversification.This book integrates a wide variety of data analysis methods into a single and flexible interface: the R language. This open source language is available for a

  • Clusia

    Clusia

    Clusia is the only dicotyledonous tree genus with crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), and in some cases all variants of CAM can be expressed in one given species. These unique features as well as Clusia's extreme flexibility have put it in the limelight of international research. The studies presented in this volume embrace anatomy, morphology and plant architecture, phytogeographical distribution and community ecology, phylogeny and genetic ...

  • Computer Applications in Sustainable Forest Management

    Computer Applications in Sustainable Forest Management

    Forests provide goods and services essential to human societies and the natural environment, but they are disappearing faster today than ever before. What should forestry do in the information era? How can we use computer technologies to better manage forests in a sustainable manner? Computer Applications in Sustainable Forest Management provides critical information needed for forestry professionals to address such questions.Computer Applicatio

  • Forest Diversity and Function

    Forest Diversity and Function

    One of the central research themes in ecology is evaluating the extent to which biological richness is necessary to sustain the Earth's system and the functioning of individual ecosystems. In this volume, for the first time, the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem processes in forests is thoroughly explored. The text examines the multiple effects of tree diversity on productivity and growth, biogeochemical cycles, animals, pests, and ...

  • Forest Ecology

    Forest Ecology

    This volume provides an overview of recent advances in forest ecology on a variety of topics, including species diversity and the factors that control species diversity, environmental factors controlling distribution of forests, impacts of disturbances on forests (fires, drought, hurricane), reproduction ecology of both trees and understory species, and spatial organization of forests. Previously published in Plant Ecology, Volume 201, No.1, ...

  • Forest Inventory

    Forest Inventory

    This book has been developed as a forest inventory textbook for students and can also serve as a handbook for practical foresters. The book is divided into four sections. The first section deals mostly with sampling issues. First, we present the basic sampling designs at a fairly non-technical mathematical level. In addition, we present some more advanced sampling issues often needed in forest inventory. Those include for instance problems with ...

  • Forest Inventory

    Forest Inventory

    This book has been developed as a forest inventory textbook for students and can also serve as a handbook for practical foresters. The book is divided into four sections. The first section deals mostly with sampling issues. First, we present the basic sampling designs at a fairly non-technical mathematical level. In addition, we present some more advanced sampling issues often needed in forest inventory. Those include for instance problems with ...

  • Forest Mensuration

    Forest Mensuration

    Van Laar and Akça’s popular text book, Forest Mensuration, was first published in 1997. Like that first edition, this modern update is based on extensive research, teaching and practical experience in both Europe, and the tropics and subtropics. However, it has also been extensively revised, and now includes chapters on remote sensing and the application of aerial photographs and satellite imagery.As with its predecessor, this book assumes no ad

  • Forest Trees

    Forest Trees

    Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants presents the current status of the elucidation and improvement of plant genomes of economic interest. The focus is on genetic and physical mapping, positioning, cloning, monitoring of desirable genes by molecular breeding and the most recent advances in genomics. The series comprises seven volumes: Cereals and Millets; Oilseeds; Pulses, Sugar and Tuber Crops; Fruits and Nuts; Vegetables; Technical ...

  • Gene Expression Programming

    Gene Expression Programming

    Cândida Ferreira thoroughly describes the basic ideas of gene expression programming (GEP) and numerous modifications to this powerful new algorithm. This monograph provides all the implementation details of GEP so that anyone with elementary programming skills will be able to implement it themselves. The book also includes a self-contained introduction to this new exciting field of computational intelligence, including several new algorithms ...

  • Genetics and Genomics of Populus

    Genetics and Genomics of Populus

    Trees are truly amazing! Woody species underpin vital terrestrial ecosystems, present a complex array of evolutionary novelties, and provide essential benefits and commodities. Trees play a key role in the major biogeochemical cycles, including water, oxygen, and nitrogen. Notably, forests are second only to oceans in the biological sequestration of carbon, and forests are recognized for their vital role in regulating the concentration of the ...

  • Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Crassulaceae

    Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Crassulaceae

    The Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants represents the first comprehensive taxonomic treatment of succulents in thirty years. It covers over 9000 taxa of all succulents except Cactaceae.The Crassulaceae (stonecrop family) volume presents the first complete treatment of the family for many decades. The family is a very diverse group, and plants range from tiny insignificant annual herbs to perennial shrubs and trees. Many of the species have ...

  • Invasive Forest Insects, Introduced Forest Trees, and Altered Ecosystems

    Invasive Forest Insects, Introduced Forest Trees, and Altered Ecosystems

    Demand for timber and fibre continues to grow and is being met by increased reliance on plantation forestry. Many of the plantations that are being grown around the globe are non-native species that have characteristics of rapid growth and good commercial qualities. In some cases, the high rates of production are a result of the absence of native herbivore and diseases. This limited pest status is threatened as pest species move around the ...

  • Invasive Forest Insects, Introduced Forest Trees, and Altered Ecosystems

    Invasive Forest Insects, Introduced Forest Trees, and Altered Ecosystems

    Demand for timber and fibre continues to grow and is being met by increased reliance on plantation forestry. Many of the plantations that are being grown around the globe are non-native species that have characteristics of rapid growth and good commercial qualities. In some cases, the high rates of production are a result of the absence of native herbivore and diseases. This limited pest status is threatened as pest species move around the ...

  • Multi-Source National Forest Inventory

    Multi-Source National Forest Inventory

    Building on more than a decade of innovative research into multi-source forest inventory (MS-NFI) this book presents full details of the development, outputs and applications of the improved k-NN method. The method, which was pioneered in Finland in 1990, is rapidly becoming a world standard in forest inventory, having been adopted as standard in Finland and Sweden, and recently introduced in Austria and across the US.The book describes in detai

  • National Forest Inventories

    National Forest Inventories

    Traditionally the purpose of National Forest Inventories (NFIs) has been to provide continuously updated information regarding the state of a given nation’s forest resources, including their timber volumes, species composition and sustainable development. But with increased international reporting requirements – to the FAO, the ITTO, the UN’s Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Ministerial Conference Protecting Forest in Europe and other ...

  • Protocol for Somatic Embryogenesis in Woody Plants

    Protocol for Somatic Embryogenesis in Woody Plants

    Earlier, we edited a well received series on "Somatic embryogenesis in woody trees", volumes 1 to 6. These volumes provided readers detailed extensive reviews on somatic embryogenesis of important angiosperm and gymnosperm tree species; an excellent source of information for newcomers or those already engaged in research. However, these book volumes did not cover stepwise "detailed protocols" for inducing somatic embryogenesis. This book ...

  • Remote Sensing of Forest Environments

    Remote Sensing of Forest Environments

    Successful remote sensing methods and applications are rooted in the science, art, and technology of earth observation, part of the larger emerging world of geographical information science. Sensors are increasingly sensitive to the phenomena we wish to observe and image analysis systems are increasingly able to transform the data and deliver the required information. At the same time, advances in forest science and management continue to ...

  • Tree and Forest Measurement

    Tree and Forest Measurement

    Forests must be measured, if they are to be managed and conserved properly. This book describes the principles of modern forest measurement, whether using simple, hand-held equipment or sophisticated satellite imagery. Written in a straightforward style, it will be understood by everyone who works with forests, from the professional forester to the layperson. It describes how and why forests are measured and the basis of the science behind the ...

  • Tree Rings and Natural Hazards

    Tree Rings and Natural Hazards

    Dedication.- Foreword: Dendrogeomorphology beginnings and futures – a personal message.- 1 Tree rings and natural hazards – an introduction.- 2 Snow avalanches.- 2.1 Dendrogeomorphology and snow avalanche research.- 2.2 Tree-ring dating of snow avalanches in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA.- 2.3 Tracking past snow avalanches in the SE Pyrenees.- 2.4 Tree-ring based reconstruction of past snow avalanche events and risk assessment in Northern ...