Springer

Springer

68 Books found

Books

  • A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains

    A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains

    The Great Plains of North America is a major global breadbasket but its agriculture is stressed by drought, heat spells, damaging winds, soil erosion and declining ground water resources. The great inter-annual variability in crop production and declining rural populations weaken an economy already highly dependent upon government support. The region’s ecological fragility and economic weakness is attributed by many to removal of its original ...

  • Advances in Molecular Breeding Toward Drought and Salt Tolerant Crops

    Advances in Molecular Breeding Toward Drought and Salt Tolerant Crops

    Plant stress caused by drought and salinity are among the major constraints on crop production and food security worldwide. Breeding programs to improve crop yield in dry and saline environments have progressed slowly due to our limited understanding of the underlying physiological, biochemical, developmental, and genetic mechanisms that determine plant responses to these forms of stress, as well as to technical difficulties in combining ...

  • Associative and Endophytic Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria and Cyanobacterial Associations

    Associative and Endophytic Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria and Cyanobacterial Associations

    This book is the self-contained fifth volume of a comprehensive seven-volume series covering both fundamental and applied aspects of nitrogen-fixation research since the 19th century. It addresses the issues arising from bacterial colonization of either the plant-root surface or other tissues as well as their modes of doing so. These associations are less formalized than the rhizobia-legume symbiosis but, as more and more of them are discovered, ...

  • Biosaline Agriculture and Salinity Tolerance in Plants

    Biosaline Agriculture and Salinity Tolerance in Plants

    The availability of freshwater for agricultural use is declining in many areas of the world. This is the reason for the increasing use of lower quality or of saline water for crop production. Prolonged use of saline water severely affects the irrigated soils, which contributes to the global land degradation process and has direct impact on biomass production.For this reason, reduction of the spread of salinization, revitalization of salinized a

  • Biotechnology of Food Crops in Developing Countries

    Biotechnology of Food Crops in Developing Countries

    Tropical crops such as cowpea, yam, plantain, and cassava are heavily underresearched but, in addition to rice, maize, wheat, and potato, are important as primary or secondary food staples in the developing countries. The modern tools of molecular and cellular technology offer the opportunity not only to make substantial gains in knowledge of these crops, but also they overcome some of the obstacles which presently restrain both the genetic ...

  • Cereals

    Cereals

    Agriculture depends on improved cultivars, and cultivars are developed through proper plant breeding. Unfortunately, applied plant breeding programs that are focused on cereal commodity crops are under serious erosion because of lack of funding. This loss of public support affects breeding continuity, objectivity, and, perhaps equally important, the training of future plant breeders and the utilization and improvement of plant genetic resources ...

  • Climate Change and Crops

    Climate Change and Crops

    Climate change is directly linked to the human activities, according to the Fourth Assessment Report of IPCC (2007). In last two decades of 20th Century, accelerated anthropogenic activities pushed up the atmospheric abundance of greenhouse gases, mainly CO2, CH4, and N2O, alarmingly which enhanced the radiative forcing of the Earth’s surface and thus perturbed its heat radiation balance. As a consequence, atmospheric characteristics, such as te

  • Climate Change and Management of  Cool Season Grain Legume Crops

    Climate Change and Management of Cool Season Grain Legume Crops

    This book covers all aspect of legume production management technologies, plant ecological response, nutrients management, biological nitrogen fixation, molecular approaches, potential cultivars, biodiversity management under climate change. Also covered are various aspects of legume management under climate change such as, production management technology, ecology & adaptation, diseases, and international trade; physiology and crops response to ...

  • Computer Applications in Sustainable Forest Management

    Computer Applications in Sustainable Forest Management

    Forests provide goods and services essential to human societies and the natural environment, but they are disappearing faster today than ever before. What should forestry do in the information era? How can we use computer technologies to better manage forests in a sustainable manner? Computer Applications in Sustainable Forest Management provides critical information needed for forestry professionals to address such questions.Computer Applicatio

  • Continuous Cover Forestry

    Continuous Cover Forestry

    The large-scale application of new silvicultural systems has become a political reality in many parts of the world. This involves a gradual tarnsformation of traditional silvicultural practice towards Continuous Cover Forestry (CCF), also know as near-natural forest management, favouring mixed uneven-aged stands, site-adapted tree species and selective harvesting. Today, CCF systems are encountered in many parts of the world, but forest managers ...

  • Crop Biosecurity

    Crop Biosecurity

    Agriculture is a key sector for the economy of many countries and it can be potentially exposed to deliberate attacks which can have dramatic economic consequences in the food, feed, and fibre sectors. Intentional introduction of certain microbes may have serious rebounds even on human health when food results contaminated after harvesting of crops and processing of raw materials. Programmes aimed at attacks against agriculture and the agro-food ...

  • Crop Biosecurity

    Crop Biosecurity

    Agriculture is a key sector for the economy of many countries and it can be potentially exposed to deliberate attacks which can have dramatic economic consequences in the food, feed, and fibre sectors. Intentional introduction of certain microbes may have serious rebounds even on human health when food results contaminated after harvesting of crops and processing of raw materials. Programmes aimed at attacks against agriculture and the agro-food ...

  • Crop Modeling and Decision Support

    Crop Modeling and Decision Support

    "Crop Modeling and Decision Support" presents 36 papers selected from the International Symposium on Crop Modeling and Decision Support (ISCMDS-2008), held at Nanjing of China from 19th to 22nd in April, 2008. Many of these papers show the recent advances in modeling crop and soil processes, crop productivity, plant architecture and climate change; the rests describe the developments in model-based decision support systems (DSS), model ...

  • Doubled Haploid Production in Crop Plants

    Doubled Haploid Production in Crop Plants

    This is the first manual presenting a set of protocols for production of doubled haploids (DH) in 22 major crop plant species including 4 tree species. It contains various protocols and approaches of DH production proven for different germplasm of the same species. The protocols describe in detail all steps of DH production - from donor plants growth conditions, through in vitro procedures, media composition and preparation, to regeneration of ...

  • Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests

    Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests

    At a time when the international community is devoting significant attention to the issue of governance as a key factor in global environmental decline, this book provides a timely insight into the relationships between extreme conflict, the international trade in forest products, and the social, economic and environmental condition of tropical forests and their human communities.Drawing on the expertise of both natural and social scientists, Ex

  • Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses

    Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses

    The main role of grasses, clovers and alfalfa in temperate agriculture is still to provide forage for ruminant animals but, in the last decades, the importance of amenity grasses increased markedly and, in the near future, new developments in the areas of energy and biomass use can be envisaged. Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses, fifth volume in the series, Handbook of Plant Breeding, covers all these aspects. Most fodder crops and amenity grasse

  • Functional-Structural Plant Modelling in Crop Production

    Functional-Structural Plant Modelling in Crop Production

    Functional-structural plant models (FSPMs) describe in quantitative terms the development over time of the three-dimensional (3D) structure of plants as governed by physiological processes and affected by environmental factors. FSPMs are particularly suited to analyse problems in which the spatial structure of the plant or its canopy is an essential factor to explain, e.g., plant competition (intra-plant, inter-plant, inter-species) and the ...

  • Functional-Structural Plant Modelling in Crop Production

    Functional-Structural Plant Modelling in Crop Production

    Functional-structural plant models (FSPMs) describe in quantitative terms the development over time of the three-dimensional (3D) structure of plants as governed by physiological processes and affected by environmental factors. FSPMs are particularly suited to analyse problems in which the spatial structure of the plant or its canopy is an essential factor to explain, e.g., plant competition (intra-plant, inter-plant, inter-species) and the ...

  • General Concepts in Integrated Pest and Disease Management

    General Concepts in Integrated Pest and Disease Management

    The first volume of the Integrated Management of Plant Pests and Diseases book series presents general concepts on integrated pest and disease management, organized in three sections. Section one (modeling, management, environment) includes chapters on infection models, resurgence and replacement, plant disease epidemiology and effects of climate change in tropical environments. Followed by two reviews on IPM in post-harvest and carrot crops. ...

  • Genetics and Genomics of Cotton

    Genetics and Genomics of Cotton

    A few members of the Gossypium (cotton) genus are cultivated for the production of elongated single-celled fibers valued worldwide at about $20 billion annually at the farm gate, and which sustain one of the world’s largest industries (textiles) with an annual worldwide economic impact of about $500 billion. In a number of ways, cotton production and the textile industry are closely tied to petrochemical usage. At a practical level, cotton ...