Springer

45 Books found

Books

  • Advances in Modeling Agricultural Systems

    Advances in Modeling Agricultural Systems

    This book presents an up-to-date review of advances in the mathematical modeling of agricultural systems. It covers a broad spectrum of problems and applications based on internet and communications technology, as well as methodological approaches based on the integration of different simulation and data management tools. Using real-world cases, each chapter presents a detailed solution of a problem in a particular field. This book demonstrates ...

  • Agriculture and Climate Beyond 2015

    Agriculture and Climate Beyond 2015

    Interactions between agriculture, climate and patterns of land use are complex. Major changes in agriculture, and land use patterns are foreseen in the next couple of decades in response to shifts in climate, greenhouse gas management initiatives, population growth and other forces. The book explores key interactions between changes in agriculture, patterns of land use and efforts to reduce greenhouse emissions from agriculture. The volume is ...

  • Agriculture and the Environment

    Agriculture and the Environment

    The book describes the excess supply of nutrients and manure to agricultural lands and the resulting problems of groundwater contamination and surface water eutrophication. It reviews these practices in the main EU countries and in North America and proposes a new sustainable approach for dealing with this environmental deterioration.

  • Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Simply put, allelopathy refers to an ecological phenomenon of plant-plant interference through release of organic chemicals (allelochemicals) in the environment. These chemicals can be directly and continuously released by the donor plants in their immediate environment as volatiles in the air or root exudates in soil or they can be the microbial degradation products of plant residues. The chemicals may interfere with survival and growth of ...

  • Aridity

    Aridity

    At the intersection of environmental science and human biology this book deals with dry ecosystems - aridity, droughts, wind and its influence on soils and regulation - the societies affected by these ecosystems, and the inventiveness of those living under these conditions. These environments are the basis of nomad existence, of irrigated agriculture and of the first civilisations dependent on streams. Changes in the modern epoch, the ...

  • Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment

    Biological Nitrogen Fixation, Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment

    This volume covers all aspects of fundamental and applied nitrogen-fixation research, extending from biochemistry and chemistry through genetics, regulation and physiology to agricultural practice and environmental impact. It describes recent progress on studies of potential catalysts for nitrogen fixation; how the N2-fixing process is regulated in living cells; the use and impact of genetics and genomics on our understanding of the biological ...

  • Coping with Drought Risk in Agriculture and Water Supply Systems

    Coping with Drought Risk in Agriculture and Water Supply Systems

    Over the last three decades drought episodes have resulted in severe social problems in Mediterranean countries, receiving broad attention from the international scientific and policy communities. The experiences in the development and implementation of drought management plans highlight the success and challenges of coping with drought for societies with different vulnerabilities and emphasize risk-based drought management as a critical ...

  • Governance of Water-Related Conflicts in Agriculture

    Governance of Water-Related Conflicts in Agriculture

    The book contributes to a better understanding of the role such co-operation can play in complying cost-effectively with European environmental legislation, in particularly the EU Nitrates and Water Framework Directives, and in achieving a sustainable agriculture. The feasibility of meeting environmental standards by the application of voluntary agreements between farmers and water suppliers is analysed as a more economically efficient and ...

  • Issues in the Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Agriculture

    Issues in the Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Agriculture

    This book presents a collection of articles concerning key topics which examine the impacts of climate change and variability on agriculture. The application region is the southeastern United States. The main topics include an investigation of the effect of variations in the spatial scale of climate change scenarios on an agricultural integrated assessment, methods of simulating adaptations of climate change, and the relationship between large ...

  • Land Change Science in the Tropics: Changing Agricultural Landscapes

    Land Change Science in the Tropics: Changing Agricultural Landscapes

    The IGBP Land Use Land Cover Change program ended in November 2005 with sessions at the IHDP 6th Open Meeting in Bonn. This book is based on a session at that meeting convened by the editors, and presents other important topics and areas. Included are chapters based on papers presented at this meeting and invited contributions that cover important geographical and thematic issues not addressed at the meeting. In particular, there will be a ...

  • Managing Weather and Climate Risks in Agriculture

    Managing Weather and Climate Risks in Agriculture

    In many parts of the world, weather and climate are one of the biggest production risks and uncertainty factors impacting on agricultural systems performance and management. Both structural and non-structural measures can be used to reduce the impacts of the variability (including extremes) of climate resources on crop production. While the structural measures include strategies such as irrigation, water harvesting, windbreaks etc., the ...

  • Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry

    Mycorrhizal fungi are microbial engines which improve plant vigor and soil quality. They play a crucial role in plant nutrient uptake, water relations, ecosystem establishment, plant diversity, and the productivity of plants. Scientific research involves multidisciplinary approaches to understand the adaptation of mycorrhizae to the rhizosphere, mechanism of root colonization, effect on plant physiology and growth, biofertilization, plant ...

  • Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture

    Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture

    Agricultural production is highly dependent on weather, climate and water availability and is adversely affected by the weather and climate-related disasters. Droughts and natural disasters such as floods can result in crop failures, food insecurity, famine, loss of property and life, mass migration and negative national economic growth. It may not be possible to prevent the occurrence of these natural disasters, but the resultant disastrous ...

  • Payment for Environmental Services in Agricultural Landscapes

    Payment for Environmental Services in Agricultural Landscapes

    In recent years, development policy has responded to an increasing concern about natural resource degradation by setting up innovative payment for environmental services (PES) programs in developing countries. PES programs use market and institutional incentives in order to meet both environmental and poverty alleviation objectives. However, their optimal design, implications for the rural poor, and how these initiatives integrate into ...

  • Physiology of Cotton

    Physiology of Cotton

    Cotton production today is not to be undertaken frivolously if one expects to profit by its production. If cotton production is to be sustainable and produced profitably, it is essential to be knowledgeable about the growth and development of the cotton plant and in the adaptation of cultivars to the region as well as the technology available. In addition, those individuals involved in growing cotton should be familiar with the use of management ...

  • Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics

    Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics

    The relationships between soils, microbes and humans are of crucial relevance in the tropics, where plant stress and microbial activity are exacerbated. This volume of Soil Biology presents the living component of tropical soils, showing how it is shaped by environmental conditions and emphasizing its dramatic impact on human survival and well-being. Following an introduction to the specificities of tropical soils and of their microbial communit

  • Sustainable Agriculture

    Sustainable Agriculture

    Sustainability rests on the principle that we must meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Starving people in poor nations, obesity in rich nations, increasing food prices, on-going climate changes, increasing fuel and transportation costs, flaws of the global market, worldwide pesticide pollution, pest adaptation and resistance, loss of soil fertility and organic carbon, soil ...

  • The Aral Sea Encyclopedia

    The Aral Sea Encyclopedia

    The situation of the Aral Sea is known as one of the worst man-made environmental crises of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Many have seen the satellite photos evidencing the startling shrinkage and deterioration of the sea, as it was a few decades ago and how it appears today. Whereas the Aral Sea was the world’s fourth-largest inland body of water in 1960, it has now shrunk to a small fraction of that within three increasingly saline ...

  • Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

    Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

    This book offers a diverse presentation about use of arthropod-specific pathogens for control and eradication of invasive arthropod species. Basic concepts supporting use of pathogens for microbial control are covered as well as societal and environmental concerns. The major functional issues faced when utilizing pathogens for control of invasive arthropods are discussed in the context of case studies. The majority of the book is composed of ...

  • Policy Reforms and Agriculture Development in Central Asia

    Policy Reforms and Agriculture Development in Central Asia

    The Central Asian republics – Kazakhstan, the Krygyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan – are transitioning from centrally planned economies to market-oriented systems. This volume addresses the process and policy reforms these countries face and how the reforms may impact agricultural development in a region that has experienced varying degrees of economic growth over the fifteen years since independence. It offers expert policy ...