Springer

31 Books found

Books

  • Agriculture and the Environment

    Agriculture and the Environment

    The book describes the excess supply of nutrients and manure to agricultural lands and the resulting problems of groundwater contamination and surface water eutrophication. It reviews these practices in the main EU countries and in North America and proposes a new sustainable approach for dealing with this environmental deterioration.

  • Aridity

    Aridity

    At the intersection of environmental science and human biology this book deals with dry ecosystems - aridity, droughts, wind and its influence on soils and regulation - the societies affected by these ecosystems, and the inventiveness of those living under these conditions. These environments are the basis of nomad existence, of irrigated agriculture and of the first civilisations dependent on streams. Changes in the modern epoch, the ...

  • Land Change Science in the Tropics: Changing Agricultural Landscapes

    Land Change Science in the Tropics: Changing Agricultural Landscapes

    The IGBP Land Use Land Cover Change program ended in November 2005 with sessions at the IHDP 6th Open Meeting in Bonn. This book is based on a session at that meeting convened by the editors, and presents other important topics and areas. Included are chapters based on papers presented at this meeting and invited contributions that cover important geographical and thematic issues not addressed at the meeting. In particular, there will be a ...

  • Landscape Amenities

    Landscape Amenities

    Our motivation for this series was to provide a forum for dealing with the complex and challenging variety of landscapes. The series should bring to the fore the positive and connective aspects of dealing with this variety instead of seeing them as barriers and separating elements. Yet there is not only the variety of the landscapes as such, but also the multiplicity of academic disciplines and approaches that characterize the study of ...

  • Managing Weather and Climate Risks in Agriculture

    Managing Weather and Climate Risks in Agriculture

    In many parts of the world, weather and climate are one of the biggest production risks and uncertainty factors impacting on agricultural systems performance and management. Both structural and non-structural measures can be used to reduce the impacts of the variability (including extremes) of climate resources on crop production. While the structural measures include strategies such as irrigation, water harvesting, windbreaks etc., the ...

  • Payment for Environmental Services in Agricultural Landscapes

    Payment for Environmental Services in Agricultural Landscapes

    In recent years, development policy has responded to an increasing concern about natural resource degradation by setting up innovative payment for environmental services (PES) programs in developing countries. PES programs use market and institutional incentives in order to meet both environmental and poverty alleviation objectives. However, their optimal design, implications for the rural poor, and how these initiatives integrate into ...

  • Physiology of Cotton

    Physiology of Cotton

    Cotton production today is not to be undertaken frivolously if one expects to profit by its production. If cotton production is to be sustainable and produced profitably, it is essential to be knowledgeable about the growth and development of the cotton plant and in the adaptation of cultivars to the region as well as the technology available. In addition, those individuals involved in growing cotton should be familiar with the use of management ...

  • Seasonal Landscapes

    Seasonal Landscapes

    Seasonality is so obvious that we very often forget about it when doing landscape research. Seasonality is the interface where humans and nature really interact. Seasonality is expressed both in the natural rhythms of the landscape as well as in human lifestyles. Seasonality creates varying patterns of use and appears in spatial practices, paintings, human behaviour. Also, seasonality itself changes together with societal changes – in ...

  • Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics

    Soil Biology and Agriculture in the Tropics

    The relationships between soils, microbes and humans are of crucial relevance in the tropics, where plant stress and microbial activity are exacerbated. This volume of Soil Biology presents the living component of tropical soils, showing how it is shaped by environmental conditions and emphasizing its dramatic impact on human survival and well-being. Following an introduction to the specificities of tropical soils and of their microbial communit

  • The Aral Sea Encyclopedia

    The Aral Sea Encyclopedia

    The situation of the Aral Sea is known as one of the worst man-made environmental crises of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Many have seen the satellite photos evidencing the startling shrinkage and deterioration of the sea, as it was a few decades ago and how it appears today. Whereas the Aral Sea was the world’s fourth-largest inland body of water in 1960, it has now shrunk to a small fraction of that within three increasingly saline ...

  • The Plant Life of China

    The Plant Life of China

    Chinese plant life is estimated to include up to 30,000 species and extends from the Himalayan snow line across a diversity of habitats to the lush tropical south. It is embraced by a culture going back more than 3000 years, providing plants for medicinal use and some of the most valued horticultural species. Although for many years access to Chinese plants was limited, the present situation provides an opportunity for a new and authoritative ...

  • Trophic and Guild Interactions in Biological Control

    Trophic and Guild Interactions in Biological Control

    This volume explores modern concepts of trophic and guild interactions among natural enemies in natural and agricultural ecosystems - a field that has become a hot topic in ecology and biological control over the past decade. Internationally recognized scientists have combined their expertise and passion to examine how species interactions between biological control agents, such as competition, predation, parasitism, disease infection, ...

  • Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

    Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods

    This book offers a diverse presentation about use of arthropod-specific pathogens for control and eradication of invasive arthropod species. Basic concepts supporting use of pathogens for microbial control are covered as well as societal and environmental concerns. The major functional issues faced when utilizing pathogens for control of invasive arthropods are discussed in the context of case studies. The majority of the book is composed of ...

  • Policy Reforms and Agriculture Development in Central Asia

    Policy Reforms and Agriculture Development in Central Asia

    The Central Asian republics – Kazakhstan, the Krygyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan – are transitioning from centrally planned economies to market-oriented systems. This volume addresses the process and policy reforms these countries face and how the reforms may impact agricultural development in a region that has experienced varying degrees of economic growth over the fifteen years since independence. It offers expert policy ...

  • Agriculture and the Citizen

    Agriculture and the Citizen

    The purpose of Agriculture and the Citizen is to help people understand the way in which agriculture operates, providing the information necessary to enable them to arrive at an informed view on major issues: can the increasing world population be adequately fed without unacceptable pollution to the environment? Is the food and water we consume safe? Will we run out of natural resources such as land, fuel or water? Is the current use of ...

  • Agriculture as a Mimic of Natural Ecosystems

    Agriculture as a Mimic of Natural Ecosystems

    This book critically examines the idea that the sustainability of agriculture could be improved by mimicking the structure and processes occurring in natural ecosystems. Researchers from around the world present comparative studies of multi-species farming systems, natural ecosystems and conventional agriculture. Case studies from Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and North and South America examine the implications of increasing the ...

  • Applications of Seasonal Climate Forecasting in Agricultural and Natural Ecosystems

    Applications of Seasonal Climate Forecasting in Agricultural and Natural Ecosystems

    Climate variability has major impacts in many parts of the world, including Australia. Developments in understanding of the El Niño - Southern Oscillation Phenomenon have introduced some skill in seasonal to inter-annual climate forecasting. Can this skill be harnessed to advantage? Or do we just continue to observe these impacts? How does a decision-maker managing an agricultural or natural ecosystem modify decisions in response to a ...

  • Crop Field Response to Deficit Irrigation

    Crop Field Response to Deficit Irrigation

    With limited water resources to divert for agriculture, innovations aimed at increasing efficient use of irrigation water must be developed. Among the means to survive the consequences of water scarcity and yet to sustain high crop production under irrigated agriculture with decreasing share of water, deficient irrigation programs are highly valued and their adoption is widely promoted. However, to ensure that the same level of crop yields ...

  • Economics of Sustainable Energy in Agriculture

    Economics of Sustainable Energy in Agriculture

    This book contains up-to-date studies on the economics of sustainable energy in agriculture. The studies focus on energy efficiency improvement and the use of biomass. Specific attention is paid to the economic aspects of land use and the competition for land, both for food production and dedicated energy crops. The book will be of special interest to economists, agronomists, energy experts, and politicians that deal with energy issues in ...