compost research Articles

  • Lessons From the Field - Sean Croft - Case Study

    Sean Croft, of Arahura Farms, is one of Australia’s largest organic carrot growers and is interested in improving soil management practices through permanent beds, controlled traffic, using compost and the introduction of beneficial microbes into the soil profile. ...

  • Professionally Certifying Compost Operations Managers

    In October, the Certification Commission of the US Composting Council launched the first professional certification in the U.S. for compost operations managers. The Certification Commission of the US Composting Council (USCC) officially launched the first professional certification in the nation for compost operations managers on October 26, 2016. “There already is a lot ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Use By State DOTs

    Research project collects and analyzes compost use data for three state Departments of Transportation: California, Texas and Washington. Use of compost by state Departments of Transportation (DOTs) for highway construction, erosion and pollution control, and vegetation establishment has dramatically increased since the early 2000s. A recent research project studied compost use by state ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting In rural Alaska

    Gardeners, communities and commercial enterprises have proven that composting works in Alaska, especially given large quantities of fish waste and diminishing landfill capacity. ALASKA is two and a half times larger than the largest state in the lower 48 states. Over half of the entire state’s population lives within the municipality of Anchorage. Many Alaskan villages can only be reached ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Sludge composting, sludge pretreatment and radiation technology: a review

    The paper reviews the state-of-the-art technologies on sludge conditioning and stabilisation. Radiation technology, best contextualised within the concept of Green Chemistry, is yet another developing area of sludge pretreatment. Besides revisiting some important aspects of sludge treatment by composting, this review paper also appraises the application of gamma ray and ultrasound irradiations ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Composting of biodegradable organic wastes for sustainable agriculture

    Investigators: M.A. Ali Khan, Manoj Kumar, Kavita Kashyap, Ruby Rani, Sanjay Yada, Priti Kaushik Siraohi Environmental Science Lab. Dept. of Botany, Simbhaoli, Ghaziabad, India Objectives: To recycle, reduce and reuse hazardous distillery spent wash (DSW). Pressmud cake (PMC) fly ash, Eicchornia/Azolla/trash/litter and DSW inoculated with Trichoderma viride were observed for temperature based ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • An assessment of the suitability of backyard produced compost as a potting soil

    Current scientific knowledge of compost is largely derived from research into commercially produced green compost. This has shown that such compost tends to have high pH, high conductivity, and potential for organic and/or mineral pollutants and therefore can be problematic for use in growing media at high inclusion rates. Little work has been undertaken at an amateur composting scale and it is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost science journal of advocacy and foresight

    SEVERAL months ago, I started on a journey through the pages of Compost Science, beginning with the Spring, 1960 inaugural issue. I was confident that I could whip through the articles and news items in the several hundred issues of the magazine between 1960 and 2009, and be prepared to write this article for BioCycle’s 50th Anniversary Commemorative Edition. Granted, there were interruptions, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Air space in composting research: A literature review

    Free air space (FAS), as a representation of the available air filled voids in a composting matrix, is considered an important parameter to define optimum substrate conditions for gas transfer. However, this parameter has been determined, interpreted, and employed in several ways by researchers. On this basis, the objective of this paper is to review the previous work related to the application ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Design and performance of a simulated feedstock for composting experiments

    This paper reviews the composition and performance of simulated feedstock mixtures previously employed in composting research, and presents a new simulated feedstock. The new feedstock was prepared using readily available dry ingredients - ostrich feed pellets, office paper, finished compost and woodchips - representing the substrate, amendment, seed, and bulking agent components of a composting ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Science & Utilization: Current research

    Materials and Methods Composting To Eradicate Fusarium Graminearum From Infested Livestock FeedInvestigators: Francis J. Larney, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada; T. Kelly Turkington, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Centre, Lacombe, Alberta, Canada Objectives: Fusarium head blight, caused by Fusarium graminearum, could potentially become a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Design, testing and implementation of a large-scale urban dog waste composting program

    In Montreal, Québec, many dogs are exercised in fenced-in runs in parks. Consequently, these dog parks are a high-density source of large amounts of dog waste, which is typically collected by the owner in a plastic bag and deposited in the municipal garbage. In 2004, an experimental large-scale dog waste composting programme was initiated at the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (NDG) dog run in Montreal, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Experience in improving fertiliser value of compost by enriching with urine

    Urine contains a lot of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, and could act as valuable plant fertiliser. But urine is often either flushed down a toilet or enters a pit latrine, thus being lost to agriculture and increasing surface and groundwater contamination with nitrogen. Ecological sanitation concepts are closing the loop of nutrients contained in wastewater with agriculture. Besides ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Compost Science & Utilization Current research June 2007

    CROP RESPONSE Growth and transpiration of tomato seedlings grown in hazelnut husk compost under water stress Investigator: Damla Bender Ozenc, Ordu University, Department of Soil Science, Ordu, Turkey Objectives: To determine effects of composted hazelnut husk (CHH) on tomato seedlings grown under water stress conditions. Seven media were prepared using CHH mixed, in different ratios, with native ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Compost Science & Utilization current research March 2007

    Crop Response Extractability, plant yield and toxicity thresholds for boron in compost Investigators: William F. Brinton and Eric Evans, Woods End Research Laboratory, Inc., Mt. Vernon, Maine Objectives: To determine the quantity of total and water-soluble boron in compost and other sources and their relationship to plant performance and toxicity symptoms; and to establish toxicity thresholds ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Demonstration Trials of the Utilisation of Composted Materials in the Maintenance of Sports and Amenity Turfgrass - ORG0027 final report

    WRAP (The Waste and Resources Action Programme) was established in 2000 with the primary aim of creating stable and efficient markets for recycled materials and products. Within WRAP’s Organics Programme, the overall aim is to increase the manufacture and purchase of quality compost through capital funding, marketing, training, quality assurance as well as research and development. It has been ...

  • California Vineyard Finds Large Role for Compost

    Untitled Document I CAME to Robert Sinskey Vineyards (RSV) with experience in both small and large-scale wine-grape farming, all of it in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The Man Who Discovered the "Divine Materials" in Compost

    Untitled Document BioCycle July 2004, Vol. 45, No. 7, p. 58 Compost life continues bright, vigorous and upstream for Harry Hoitink, as he ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Oxygen Uptake of Soil and Compost Samples

    Oxygen Uptake of Soil and Compost Samples The Challenge AER-200 aerobic/anaerobic respirometer is ideally suited to determine in-situ rates of oxygen uptake in soil or compost samples – as may occur in the upper layers of soil under natural atmospheric conditions or in mixed compost reactors. This objective is accomplished by using a double-column reactor configuration as illustrated in Figure ...


    By Challenge Technology

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