Agriculture Crops Articles

  • Growing cool-season crops could save California water

    Farmers base their decisions on which crops to grow based on a number of factors, including yield, water availability, and return on investment. In California, farmers most often decide to plant crops that thrive between March and October. Cool-season crops — those grown between October and June — may ultimately use less irrigation water according to new research from the University ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Wavelet transform analysis of reference crop evapotranspiration during the growing season in three typical regions of Inner Mongolia, China

    Management and scheduling of irrigation water requires consideration of evapotranspiration, one of the most important hydrological variables. This study investigates the variations in the daily potential evapotranspiration (ET0), and its aerodynamic (ETa) and radiometric (ETr) components in three areas (western, central and eastern) of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Start Thinking About This Season’s Blueberry Crop: Keep Birds Away

    Start with bird scare tactics Try building netting barriers Use chemical treatments Nothing can ruin delicious blueberry muffins, pancakes or jams more than not having blueberries. Keeping your blueberry crops safe is of the utmost importance for the economy (and our tastebuds). Avian Enterprises sheds some light on which methods work or don’t work to save ...


    By Avian Enterprises, LLC

  • Adaptation to climate change impacts on crop water requirements in Kikafu catchment, Tanzania

    Agricultural activities are the main livelihood for about 70% of Tanzania's population, with women being the main players. Crops need water (crop water requirements, CWRs) for their growth and production, which can either be rain-fed or irrigation sourced. However, climate change has affected the hydrological cycle, particularly water available for agricultural crops. Since impacts and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • 3 Great Ways to Use Your Farm Drone During the Off-Season

    You may have finished up your 2016 harvest, or perhaps getting a jump start on planning for the 2017 growing season, but think twice before putting away your farm drone for the winter. Just because you’re not actively working in the field does not mean your quad-copter shouldn’t play an active role in your off-season operations. Here are some great ways you can use your farm ...


    By Sentera, LLC

  • Changes in water demands under adaptation actions to climate change in an irrigation district

    Climate change will affect the water balance of irrigated agriculture. Therefore, farmers and irrigation managers should consider adapting to new scenarios. Changes in water demands in a Mexican irrigation district were studied using an irrigation-scheduling model. The impact on water demands of two potential adaptation actions, adjusting planting season and using longer-season varieties (LV), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • USGS Study Points To Biofuel Crop Related Land-Use Change Reducing Honey Bee Habitat

    On August 29, 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) published a study on the result of land-use changes on North and South Dakota commercial honey bee colonies in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. USGS scientists found that grasslands and other landscape ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Seasonal slug pressure warning – crops at greater risk

    Crops face a greater risk of slug damage and if left untreated, this can become extremely expensive for farmers, and is estimated to cost the potato industry up to £53 million per year*, as any slug damage reduces saleability and ultimately profitability of a crop. Slugs are most damaging to potatoes during the early stages of tuber bulking, which is starting to happen now. So make sure you ...


    By Certis UK

  • A call to conserve crops’ wild cousins

    Wild cousins aren’t always appreciated at family gatherings. But when it comes to crops, the opposite is often true: Plant breeding has historically relied on genes from plants growing in the wild as a source of diversity that can be introduced into crop plants to produce new crop varieties that are more resilient, nutritious and productive than those currently cultivated. As human ...


    By Ensia

  • Stochastic analysis of rainfall and its application in appropriate planning and management for Eastern India agriculture

    Rainfall analysis is essential for agricultural crop planning and water resources management, especially under water scarcity conditions. The 36 years (1977–2013) of rainfall data for Kharagpur were analyzed for characterization of different seasonal events. The Weibull's formula predicted the probability of mean onset on 23rd standard meteorological weeks (SMW) (3rd–9th June) and withdrawal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Robust method for estimating grain yield in western Kenya during the growing seasons

    Uncertainties caused by climate change and population explosion require suitable methods for estimating grain yield during the growing seasons. This paper evaluates the applicability of the AquaCrop model in the region of western Kenya. The objectives of the study were to: simulate the long-term maize crop yields for the region using AquaCrop model for variable climate scenarios, and estimate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Marginal value of natural water in agriculture: a study in the suburbs of Mekelle City, Ethiopia

    In areas where markets for natural water are lacking, information on its marginal value can be an important tool for proper pricing to achieve efficient allocation of the resource. This article investigates the marginal value of natural water (rainwater used as a proxy) in agricultural crop production in the suburbs of Mekelle City, Ethiopia, by econometrically estimating individual value ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of changes in climatic variables on maize crop water requirements in Huang–Huai–Hai watersheds, China

    The study of crop water requirements (CWR) under climate change is critical for reasonable crop irrigation. In the present study, the effects of changes in climatic variables from 1961 to 2010 on maize CWR in Huang–Huai–Hai (HHH) watersheds in China were investigated. Five daily climatic factors including maximum temperature (Tmax), minimum temperature ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimating the contribution of groundwater to rootzone soil moisture

    In the Huaibei Plain basin, China, soybean is a main crop. During the soybean growth period, rainfall can vary largely and depth to watertable can also vary largely. The amount of water supplied to the soybean rootzone by groundwater affects soybean growth and yield. Accurate simulation of groundwater contributions to soybean rootzone soil moisture (groundwater contribution) can be important for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Loss and damage from the double blow of flood and drought in Mozambique

    Loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate variability and climate change is currently an important topic being discussed under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. This study investigated loss and damage from floods and droughts among rural households living near the Limpopo, Zambezi and Save rivers in Mozambique. We used a questionnaire survey ( n = ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seasonal changes in the performance of a catch crop for mitigating diffuse agricultural pollution

    An in situ technology for mitigating diffuse agricultural pollution using catch crops was developed for simultaneously preventing nitrate groundwater pollution, reducing nitrous oxide (N2O) gas emissions, and removing salts from the topsoil. Seasonal changes in the performance of a catch crop were investigated using lysimeters in a full-scale greenhouse experiment with 50 d ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Heat and Drought Ravage U.S. Crop Prospects—Global Stocks Suffer

    September estimates from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) show 2012 U.S. corn yields at 123 bushels per acre, down by a fourth from the 2009 high of 165 bushels per acre. Yields are the lowest since 1995 and well below the average of the last 30 years. The summer heat and drought also hit U.S. soybean yields, which are down 20 ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Crops flourish with Scalewatcher

    Water is an essential component of horticulture and agriculture whether it is used for irrigating field-scale vegetables, nursery stock, flowers or fruit.  Where water contains high degrees of calcium, magnesium and sodium, it can cause nutrient deficiency in plants and crops resulting in stunted growth and poor yields. Calcium also blocks irrigation systems and boilers in heated ...

  • A weekly operational planning model for a run-off-the-river system: some simulation results from the Tambiraparani river, Tamil Nadu, India

    In the present study, a weekly operational planning model has been developed using a simulation technique for the Tambiraparani river system in Tamil Nadu, India. A planning model has been developed incorporating the important features of the existing operational policy. Paddy is the main crop cultivated in three seasons, although banana is cultivated to an appreciable extent, it has not been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Earth out of sync rising temperatures throwing off seasonal timing

    A newly hatched chick waits with hungry mouth agape for a parent to deliver its first meal. A crocus peaks up through the snow. Rivers flow swiftly as ice breaks up and snows melt. Sleepy mammals emerge from hibernation, and early frog songs penetrate the night. Spring awakening has long provided fodder for poets, artists, and almanac writers. Even for a notoriously fickle time of sunshine, ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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