Crop Science Articles

  • USGS Study Points To Biofuel Crop Related Land-Use Change Reducing Honey Bee Habitat

    On August 29, 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) published a study on the result of land-use changes on North and South Dakota commercial honey bee colonies in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. USGS scientists found that grasslands and other landscape ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Bangladesh Garlic & Ginger Processing

    Garlic is one of the most important spice crops of Bangladesh, and it is the most widely used and cultivated Allium next to onion. Due to the climatic limitation in the country, garlic usually grown during the winter season, between mid-November and December. It is important to develop and use appropriate technology for processing garlic and ginger products in Bangladesh, because there is no a ...


    By Amisy Machinery

  • Seasonal slug pressure warning – crops at greater risk

    Crops face a greater risk of slug damage and if left untreated, this can become extremely expensive for farmers, and is estimated to cost the potato industry up to £53 million per year*, as any slug damage reduces saleability and ultimately profitability of a crop. Slugs are most damaging to potatoes during the early stages of tuber bulking, which is starting to happen now. So make sure you ...


    By Certis UK

  • A call to conserve crops’ wild cousins

    Wild cousins aren’t always appreciated at family gatherings. But when it comes to crops, the opposite is often true: Plant breeding has historically relied on genes from plants growing in the wild as a source of diversity that can be introduced into crop plants to produce new crop varieties that are more resilient, nutritious and productive than those currently cultivated. As human ...


    By Ensia

  • Stochastic analysis of rainfall and its application in appropriate planning and management for Eastern India agriculture

    Rainfall analysis is essential for agricultural crop planning and water resources management, especially under water scarcity conditions. The 36 years (1977–2013) of rainfall data for Kharagpur were analyzed for characterization of different seasonal events. The Weibull's formula predicted the probability of mean onset on 23rd standard meteorological weeks (SMW) (3rd–9th June) and withdrawal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Farm Service Agency Announces Start Of BCAP Enrollment

    On August 19, 2015, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) announced the start of enrollment for financial assistance through the Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) to assist in growing new sources of biomass. The enrollment is open for farmers and forest landowners who will ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • DOE accepting nominations for biomass research and development technical advisory committee

    On July 15, 2015, DOE posted a solicitation notice for candidates for the Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee. According to the notice, DOE is specifically looking for candidates with experience in biobased industrial/commercial products, non-federal government engineers or scientists, academia with expertise in ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Robust method for estimating grain yield in western Kenya during the growing seasons

    Uncertainties caused by climate change and population explosion require suitable methods for estimating grain yield during the growing seasons. This paper evaluates the applicability of the AquaCrop model in the region of western Kenya. The objectives of the study were to: simulate the long-term maize crop yields for the region using AquaCrop model for variable climate scenarios, and estimate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • USDA amends BCAP

    Last week, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) issued a final rule amending the Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) to implement changes required by the 2014 Farm Bill. BCAP provides ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Effects of changes in climatic variables on maize crop water requirements in Huang–Huai–Hai watersheds, China

    The study of crop water requirements (CWR) under climate change is critical for reasonable crop irrigation. In the present study, the effects of changes in climatic variables from 1961 to 2010 on maize CWR in Huang–Huai–Hai (HHH) watersheds in China were investigated. Five daily climatic factors including maximum temperature (Tmax), minimum temperature ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The socio–economic impacts of currently commercialised genetically engineered crops

    A substantial and growing body of literature now exists on the socio–economic impacts of genetically engineered (GE) crops. While the bulk of literature has focused on the primary impacts of commercialised GE technology, in terms of changes in yields, costs and profitability, researchers have increasingly addressed a range of additional questions such as the distribution of impacts across groups, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The 1996 “Freedom to Farm” Farm Bill

    The period of U.S. farm bills where the instruments were designed around compensation policies that used price support/supply management programs allowing farmers to remain in production during long periods of low prices—the result of four centuries of publicly-sponsored developmental policies—ended with the adoption of the 1996 Farm Bill. In some important ways, the demise of price ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Estimating the contribution of groundwater to rootzone soil moisture

    In the Huaibei Plain basin, China, soybean is a main crop. During the soybean growth period, rainfall can vary largely and depth to watertable can also vary largely. The amount of water supplied to the soybean rootzone by groundwater affects soybean growth and yield. Accurate simulation of groundwater contributions to soybean rootzone soil moisture (groundwater contribution) can be important for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dirty droughts causing loss and damage in Northern Burkina Faso

    Extreme droughts in the northern part of Burkina Faso are locally referred to as tundi , meaning ‘dirty weather’, because they severely disrupt people’s livelihoods in the area. This article investigates the loss and damage from the tundi droughts that occurred in 2004 and 2010 in the Sahel Region. The study conducted field survey among households in ten villages. We found ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Temporal variations of reference evapotranspiration in Heihe River basin of China

    Temporal variations in reference evapotranspiration (ETo) have profound implications for hydrological processes as well as for agricultural crop performance. The main aim of this study was to analyze the annual, seasonal trends in ETo in the Heihe River basin. The likely causative meteorological variables for such temporal changes in ETo were also identified. Results showed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seasonal changes in the performance of a catch crop for mitigating diffuse agricultural pollution

    An in situ technology for mitigating diffuse agricultural pollution using catch crops was developed for simultaneously preventing nitrate groundwater pollution, reducing nitrous oxide (N2O) gas emissions, and removing salts from the topsoil. Seasonal changes in the performance of a catch crop were investigated using lysimeters in a full-scale greenhouse experiment with 50 d ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Perspective: Investing in research and promoting trade are critical for Africa's agricultural transformation

    Africa is now in desperate need of entrepreneurial political leadership which seeks innovative and sustainable development pathways to address the plethora of current and emerging socio–economic and environmental challenges facing the continent. To meet the growing and changing economic aspirations of the largely young population, major productivity increases in agriculture and trade in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural research `key to easing climate-change impacts`

    Agricultural research should be a strategic priority of the UN's efforts to lessen the impacts of climate change, according to a report launched at a UN climate change conference in Doha, Qatar. The report, released by a group of leading international experts in climate change and agriculture last month (30 ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • AquaCrop model simulation under different irrigation water and nitrogen strategies

    On a global scale, irrigated agriculture consumes about 72% of available freshwater resources. Deficit irrigation can be applied in the field to save irrigation water and still lead to acceptable crop production. The AquaCrop model is a simulation model for management of irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer. This model is a new model that is accurate, robust and requires fewer data inputs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Heat and Drought Ravage U.S. Crop Prospects—Global Stocks Suffer

    September estimates from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) show 2012 U.S. corn yields at 123 bushels per acre, down by a fourth from the 2009 high of 165 bushels per acre. Yields are the lowest since 1995 and well below the average of the last 30 years. The summer heat and drought also hit U.S. soybean yields, which are down 20 ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

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