Plowing Articles

  • The Best Practices for Using Plant Residues

    Plant residue are crop materials such as stems, leaves, and roots, that are left on the field after the harvest. In the past, farmers considered crop residue to be trash, that was usually destroyed by fire. However, today this practice is not recommended and highly is not used by farmers. There are two different ways to manage crop residues. The first method is tillage prior planting when plant ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Merck Sharp & Dohme - Case Study

    MSD (formerly Schering-Plough) is located in Brinny in County Cork, Ireland and employs over 550 people. The site is a centre of excellence for the manufacture and quality assurance of its biotechnology based pharmaceutical products. The state of the art facility includes large scale Fermentation, Purification, Sterile Manufacturing and Quality Control operations. The main product for ...


    By Scannell Solutions Limited

  • MPPE for Schering Plough - Organon Oss (The Netherlands) case study

    Specifications: Pharmaceutical Raw Materials supplier Groundwater treatment Flowrate 40 m3/hr Aromatics, chlorinated hydrocarbons (250 ppm) Effluent < 0.5 ppm Fe 48 ppm, Ca 65 ppm Performance guaranteed ...

  • Disruptive Innovation Festival

    The Ellen MacArthur Foundation’s first-ever Distributive Innovation Festival debuts online Oct. 20. Over the course of four weeks, the DIF will provide an online space for entrepreneurs, businesses, thought leaders and learners from around the world to explore how we might shape a circular economy. DIF ...


    By Ensia

  • Co-operative, Massachusetts - case study

    Northeast Biodiesel of Greenfield, Massachusetts, USA,  is a community-owned manufacturing plant making biodiesel from recycled vegetable oil. It is majority owned by Co-op Power, a renewable energy co-operative owned by consumers in Massachusetts, Vermont and New York.  Co-op Power operates within a regional network of autonomous local organising councils to create a multi-class, ...


    By Green Fuels Ltd.

  • Paperless at Schering

    Schering-Plough has made the transition to a paperless system for managing instrument calibration records. Frankly, I applaud this initiative. Given the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry’s relatively cautious approach to adopting electronic records-keeping systems, Schering- Plough’s decision to dispense with paper in the critical (in terms of GMP) arena of calibration is ...


    By Prime Technologies, Inc.

  • Can We Prevent A Food Breakdown?

    By Lester R. Brown As food supplies have tightened, a new geopolitics of food has emerged—a world in which the global competition for land and water is intensifying and each country is fending for itself. We cannot claim that we are unaware of the trends that are undermining our food supply and thus our civilization. We know what we need ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Can We Prevent A Food Breakdown?

    Food & Water Security: Protecting our Most Precious Resources will be a major issue discussed at GLOBE 2014, taking place in Vancouver Canada march 26-28. This article by Lester R. Brown, reprinted here with the kind permission of the author, puts the issue of water and food security ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Denver international airport case study

    Denver International Airport (DIA) serves 22 commercial airlines, offering non-stop service to more than 150 destinations worldwide. In 2008, DIA handled over 51,000,000 passengers. With an airport elevation of 5,431 feet and 53 square miles of property, Denver International Airport has a historical reputation for massive snow-fall — at times, even overnight. DIA’s snow removal is ...

  • Dutch dealer creates Tricycle Valtra for customer

    In early March we visited W. and J. Schutte on their arable farm in Nagele, the Netherlands. The agricultural countryside in the Northeast Polder region is beautiful, and the sun is shining. The company is making itself ready for the first fieldwork in springtime. The previous day the Schuttes took delivery of two new Valtra N143 HiTech3 tractors, but they are not identical; on one, the front ...

  • Dozens of U.S. Cities Board the Bike-Sharing Bandwagon

    When New York City opened registration for its much anticipated public bike-sharing program on April 15, 2013, more than 5,000 people signed up within 30 hours. Eager for access to a fleet of thousands of bicycles, they became Citi Bike members weeks before bikes were expected to be available. Such pent-up demand for more cycling options is on display in cities across the United States—from ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Full Planet, Empty Plates: Chapter 2. The Ecology of Population Growth

    Throughout most of human existence, population growth has been so slow as to be imperceptible within a single generation. Reaching a global population of 1 billion in 1804 required the entire time since modern humans appeared on the scene. To add the second billion, it took until 1927, just over a century. Thirty-three years later, in 1960, world population reached 3 billion. Then the pace sped ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Conserving and Restoring Prees Heath Common Reserve, home of the only midlands population of the Silver-Studded Blue Butterfly case study

    Commencing in 2006, Butterfly Conservation started work to create a new large area (>20 hectares) of lowland heathland and acid grassland on existing arable land at Prees Heath Common, Whitchurch, Shropshire. The existing small and fragmented areas of heathland on Prees Heath Common supports the only remaining colony of the Silver-Studded Blue butterfly (Plebeius argus ) in the English ...

  • Re-coupling the carbon and water cycles by Natural Sequence Farming

    The techniques of Natural Sequence Farming (NSF) were developed during hands-on management of degraded farmland in the Upper Hunter Valley region of Australia. Early settlement of the continent by people with European cultural assumptions disrupted established interactions of water, soil, and plants resulting in lost fertility. Moreover, agricultural practices such as clearing, burning, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wheat and sorghum residue removal for expanded uses increases sediment and nutrient loss in runoff

    Received for publication January 16, 2009. Crop residue removal for expanded uses such as feedstocks for cellulosic ethanol production may increase loss of sediment and nutrients in runoff. We assessed on-farm impacts of variable rates of residue removal from no-till winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and plow till grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] on sediment, soil organic carbon ...

  • Particle-facilitated pesticide leaching from differently structured soil monoliths

    Received for publication September 19, 2008. The leaching of soil particles and surface applied 14C-labeled glyphosate and pendimethalin from intact soil columns (height: 50 cm; diameter: 30 cm) were investigated, and the relative significance of particle-facilitated pesticide transport was quantified. Investigations were performed with a recently plowed (four columns) and an untilled (five ...

  • Italian ryegrass management effects on nitrogen supply to a subsequent potato crop

    There is increasing use of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) as a green manure in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) rotations; however, effects of its management on soil N supply to the subsequent potato crop are unknown. Fertilizer N management and plow-down date for a preceding Italian ryegrass crop, ‘Lemtal’, on soil N supply to a subsequent potato crop, ‘Russet Burbank’, was determined ...

  • Tillage and fertilizer effects on yield, profitability, and risk in a corn-wheat-potato-wheat rotation

    Reduced tillage results in lower production costs and thus may have economic advantages for farmers. However, yield penalties, specific yield risks, or higher nutrient requirements may counteract the positive effects of reduced tillage. This study investigates long-term tillage effects (moldboard plow, and deep and shallow chisel plow) and their interactions with N fertilizer input on yields and ...

  • Tillage requirements for integrating winter-annual grazing in peanut production: plant water status and productivity

    The use of crop rotation systems involving winter-annual grazing can help peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) producers increase profitability, although winter-annual grazing could result in excessive soil compaction, which can severely limit yields. We conducted a 3-yr field study on a Dothan loamy sand in southeastern Alabama to develop a conservation tillage system for integrating peanut with ...

  • Nitrogen, tillage, and crop rotation effects on carbon dioxide and methane fluxes from irrigated cropping systems

    Received for publication December 15, 2008. Long-term effects of tillage intensity, N fertilization, and crop rotation on carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) flux from semiarid irrigated soils are poorly understood. We evaluated effects of: (i) tillage intensity [no-till (NT) and conventional moldboard plow tillage (CT)] in a continuous corn rotation; (ii) N fertilization levels [0–246 kg N ...

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