Citrus Farming Articles

  • Efficiency concept under stochastic consideration of water value in irrigated agricultural land in Crete, Greece

    Water is an increasingly scarce and valuable resource. It is generally accepted that there is a finite supply of water. As economies grow there is an increasing demand for water. The application of water to agricultural lands for irrigation is one of the essential uses of this natural resource in many areas. There is competition among agriculture, industry, and human consumption for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ethylene removal reduces putrefaction in mandarin oranges

    Ehylene removal with Bi-On ( potasium permanganate) reduces putrefaction in mandarin. Citrus fruits are susceptible to various diseases related to air quality that reduce their postharvest life. As they are not climacteric fruits, exposure to ethylene does not stimulate ripening, but instead speeds up the senescence of the fruit. Senescence causes a series of changes and deterioration ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Bi-On reduces the incidence of oleocellosis in Navel oranges

    Citrus fruit exhibit low levels of ethylene production and are classified as non-climacteric fruit. Although the citrus fruits produce only small amounts of ethylene it is well known that the fruit do respond to ethylene. Such as non-climacteric fruits, ethylene exposure does not hasten fruit ripening but accelerates fruit senescence. Certain unwanted responses of citrus fruit to ethylene in ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • EPA Releases Preliminary Risk Assessment for Neonicotinoid Insecticide Imidacloprid

    On January 6, 2016, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in collaboration with California’s Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) announced the release of a preliminary pollinator risk assessment for the neonicotinoid insecticide, imidacloprid (Preliminary Risk Assessment or Assessment). In its assessment, ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Elevance expands cleaning ingredient product line with Elevance Clean 1000

    On August 4, 2015, Elevance, a BRAG member, announced the addition of Elevance Clean™ 1000 to the Elevance Clean™ Product Line. The new ingredient is a biobased cleaning ingredient that improves the performance of d-limonene formulations, especially when used to remove asphalt/tar and to degrease. D-limonene is extracted from citrus rind and has recently ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Social life cycle assessment and participatory approaches: A methodological proposal applied to citrus farming in Southern Italy

    Recently, Social Life Cycle Assessment (S‐LCA) has been developed under the methodological framework of Life Cycle Thinking (LCT) in order to evaluate the social impacts that emerge during the overall life cycle of a product or service. There is not yet a standardised methodology for S‐LCA as there is for environmental LCA (eLCA), because the social impacts S‐LCA is concerned with not only ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Food security faces growing pest advance

    Coming soon to a farm near you: just about every possible type of pest that could take advantage of the ripening harvest in the nearby fields. By 2050, according to new research in the journal Global Ecology and Biogeography, those opportunistic viruses, bacteria, fungi, blights, ...


    By Climate News Network

  • Changes in physico–chemical characteristics of mandarin (common Mediterranean cultivar) Chiotiko (Citrus deliciosa Tenore) from Chios Island in Greece - evaluation of antioxidant capacity and flavonoid content of citrus peels

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in physico–chemical parameters of mandarin Mediterranean common cultivar Chiotiko (Citrus delicioza, Tenore) during ripening up to full maturity, from different regions of Kampos in Chios Island, Greece. Samples were collected from four different regions: Panagia Evreti, Talaros, Lolodentra and Kardamada from selected producers. According to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Citrus Juice Processing - Case Study

    Introduction Clean Water Technology Inc. (CWT), the creator of the Gas Energy Mixing (GEM) System, offers the most advanced primary treatment system on the market. The GEM System provides superior reduction of total suspended solids (TSS), biological and chemical oxygen demand (BOD/COD), fats, oils and grease (FOG) and turbidity and at the same time provides complete expandability in terms ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Improved Recovery of the Fungicide Carbendazim from Various Orange Juice Matrices by Employing QuEChERS Cleanup

    Fungicide carbendazim can sometimes be used to combat mold on citrus fruits including oranges. Recently, low residue levels of the fungicide were reported to be present in the bulk orange juice import shipments to the USA. Because this compound can persist through processing steps and may be found in the final consumer product, many government agencies have established maximum residue limits ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Survey of lanthanoids in plants from a tropical region

    Several anthropogenic sources may provide lanthanoids (La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb and Yb) to the agricultural and forestry landscapes. Because little information is available on the distribution of these chemical elements in Brazilian tropical ecosystems, this work focuses on the survey in leaves of diverse plant species (native trees, epiphytes and crops) from different ecosystems. Soil under crown ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • In-line mixer handles tough blending job - tomato paste and water at 100 gpm

    Citrus World, Florida’s third largest fruit co-op, recently expanded its product line to include tomato juices. In doing so, the Lake Wales based processor ran across a difficult blending problem. Daniel Cronin, engineer on the project, says the co-op tried various vessels and mechanical mixing devices, in attempts to blend viscous tomato paste and water. None proved adequate, including ...


    By Komax Systems, Inc.

  • Detection of 2,4-D in citrus juice

    MATRIX: Fresh squeezed fruit juice, canned 100% fruit juice or frozen juice concentrates of citrus fruits ANALYTES: 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) RANGE OF DETECTION: 10 to 500 ppb in juice or 40 ppb to 2 ppm in juice concentrates MATERIALS: 2,4-D RaPID AssayÒ Kit and Sample Diluent. Reagents: methylene ...


  • Detection of aldicarb in citrus juices

    MATRIX: Citrus Juice: 100% juice (natural strength) or juice concentrate ANALYTE: Aldicarb LIMIT OF DETECTION: 37 ppb in 100% juices and approximately 30 ppb in juice concentrates. RANGE OF DETECTION: 37 ppb to 15 ppm in 100% juices and approximately 30 ppb to 12 ppm in juice concentrates. ...


  • Citrus Juice Processor

    A large citrus juice processor was using conventional chemistry (alum as the coagulant and a cationic flocculant) to treat their wastewater. The pH has wide swings from a low of 3.0 during processing to a high of 11.5 from their sanitizing steps. Their effluent quality varied due to the pH swings and the limitation of the performance of the chemistry. A comparison of the water is shown below ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • New market channels for a non-food agricultural product. The development of an alternative supply chain for the bergamot citrus in Calabria, Italy

    The bergamot, a typical fruit of the Italian region of Calabria, contains an essence that is a basic component for the perfume industry. In the last decades bergamot sector declined dramatically, because of the introduction of an artificial substitute of the essence and for the producers' fragmentation. After describing the evolution of the industry and of the supply-chain structure, the paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advances in control of postharvest diseases in tropical fresh produce

    With increased global trade, fresh produce is increasingly being moved over vast distances to foreign markets. This requires effective cold chain and product management practices to ensure premium quality fresh produce with increased shelf life. Product safety has now also become an additional minimum requirement for market entry. Producers should therefore take cognisance of the impact ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Recovery of Citrus Oil and Molasses: The Original Juice Company

     The Original Juice Company has realised the opportunity to recover valuable by-products from orange peel in the form of citrus oil and molasses. The installation of a vacuum distillation unit and a vertical tube evaporator required a capital cost of $1.1 million. A payback of 2 years from reduced trade waste charges and by-product sales (based on conservative market prices for citrus oil) ...


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