Pruning Articles

  • Farm Practices to Preserve Fruit Quality After Harvesting

    The success of a farmer’s effort in crop production depends largely on the final phase of production, which is often followed by post-harvest losses that can reach up to 50%. Reducing this waste could improve global food production, and increase overall farmer’s profit. Activities that are carried out just before harvesting may have a major influence on final production. Post-harvest ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Non-chemical Pre-plant Soil Disinfestation

    The battle with pests, diseases and weeds is an everyday problem for every farmer. Due to the fact that 40% of the world’s food production is lost due to pests and diseases, farmers need to manage crop protection. An excellent example of the need for pesticides is cotton. It is a crop that is affected by various pests. Cotton farming accounts for more than 25% of all insecticides and 12% of ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Antioxidant and detoxification responses of oysters Crassostrea hongkongensis in a multi‐metal contaminated estuary

    The ‘colored’ oysters discovered in the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) contained high levels of metals in their tissues, especially for Cu and Zn, indicating that this largest and densely urbanized estuary in Southern China suffered from serious metal pollution. This study aimed to investigate the impacts of multi‐metal pollution in the PRE on oyster antioxidant and detoxification systems. The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • American Dried Prunes Processing Industry

    In America, plum is not only a kind of snack, and it can also match all kinds of raw materials and be made all kinds of delicious food such as salad, cake and so on. Plum has many processed products such as dried prunes, prune juice, prune pudding and so on. But the most popular is dried prunes because of its advantages. Dried prunes are often eaten right from the package as a convenient, ...


    By Azeus Food Machinery

  • Comparative study of isotherm parameters of lead biosorption by two wastes of olive-oil production

    Batch isotherm studies were carried out on a laboratory scale: (i) to investigate the effectiveness to remove lead of two wastes (olive stone (OS) and olive tree pruning (OTP)), untreated and chemically treated; and (ii) to examine the applicability of various adsorption isotherms to fit the experimental data. Results from tests were analyzed using seven equilibrium isotherm correlations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advantages of the combined use of Bi-On and 1-MCP

    The removal of ethylene by Bi-On during coldstorage in Controlled Atmosphere of Bramley apple treated with 1-MCP reduces the risk of scald, according to a recent study conducted in Ireland (Sean Mac an tSaoir, John Mansfield, Frances Ward and Suzanne Johnston, AFBI horticulture Loughgall). Due to the prohibition of the anti-scalding agent DPA, the aim of the trial was to find alternatives to the ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Low oxygen pre-storage treatment is effective in reducing chilling injuries of deciduous fruit

    Apple and pear fruits stored at low temperatures may suffer from chilling injury symptoms, caused by oxidative stress. Application of a low-oxygen (LO 2 ) atmosphere (0.5%) for 10 d at 20°C or 500 ppb 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) at 20°C for 24 h, prior to cold storage at 0°C, were equally effective in reducing superficial scald on ‘Granny Smith’ apples, after six months of cold storage at 0°C ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Daily precipitation mapping and forecasting using data driven techniques

    Accurate prediction of precipitation is a challenging task because of the non–linearity and randomness involved in the processes. Most of the conventional models fail to capture this non–linearity and randomness. In the present study, data driven techniques like artificial neural network (ANN) and model tree (MT) are used for predicting the short–term precipitation. Several models are developed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • WasteWastewater pre-treatment in a milk-processing company

    Description of the plant The wastewater from the production is buffered in a pump sump which is designed to buffer peaks of flow and load. The pump sump also works as a fat trap. From this stage, the water is lifted to the biological reactor where organic substances which are mainly milk sugar and other organic compounds are decreased by microbiological actifity. The ...

  • How to Make Carpet Cleaners Eco-Friendly

    The number of people who check the eco-friendly credentials of carpet cleaners before they buy has been on the rise. This is mainly because of improved environmental awareness among the general public. This has forced suppliers of cleaning systems to do one of two things. Some companies try to improve the cleaning machines. Others start publishing false claims on their brochures and websites. For ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Analysing pre and post-liberalisation impact on Indian industries

    The Gujarat economy has contributed in the overall economic development of India. The results show that key indicators like NVA, number of registrations, GFCF, FC, value of output and the employment prospects in the manufacturing units of Gujarat economy has increased and the liberalisation policies did not make much difference. The multiple regression equations reveal that liberalisation of this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact assessment of pre- and post-sown irrigation with Post Methanation distillery Effluent on soil health and crop yield

    Field experiments were conducted to assess the optimum dilution of Post Methanation distillery Effluent (PME) to utilise as an organic nutrient source for growing rice and wheat crops. Dilution levels of distillery effluent significantly affected the biomass production as well as grain yield of rice and wheat crops. Levels of organic carbon and NPK were significantly higher in effluent treated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Building state’s compost markets

    Several research projects now under way have the potential to significantly expand the compost market in California. Californians generate 93 million tons of solid waste annually. The Integrated Waste Management Act of 1989 (AB 939) established the CIWMB and gave it the responsibility to oversee, manage and track all of this material. Expanding the opportunities for composting organic materials ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Effect of loblolly pine root pruning on alley cropped herbage production and tree growth

    Tillage to disrupt (prune) tree roots is an intensive practice which could improve herbage productivity at the crop–tree interface by reducing competition for water. We compared tillage effects on 9- to 11-yr-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) growth and herbage yields of annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) and pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] on a fragipan soil in Arkansas. ...

  • Active engine mounting controller using extended minimal resource allocating networks

    The application of the Extended Minimal Resource Allocation Network (EMRAN) in the field of active vibration isolation for an automotive engine system is presented. As the source of disturbance the engine is mounted on a two passive mounts in parallel with an active force actuator. EMRAN is implemented to control the force actuator and to isolate this disturbance. The characteristic of EMRAN and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Composting on Maui hits its stride

    The Hawaiian island of Maui - a vacation destination for more than 2.2 million people each year - has a year-round growing season that yields a massive stream of green waste from nonstop cutting, trimming and pruning. For years, the resultant trimmings were simply landfilled along with the 500 tons/day of trash. One company, however, decided to turn that tide and has been aggressively taking in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Wine and economic development: technological and corporate change in the Australian wine industry

    The technological upgrading of existing industries is a key source of growth. An example is the Australian wine sector, which has exhibited sustained growth in its firms, output and trade. Growth rests on two technological advances mechanisation of pruning and harvesting, and new grape varieties. Upgrading required a shared strategic vision, a significant support infrastructure of research ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Is Topsoil costing you the Earth?

    BROWNFIELD REGENERATION remains key to the government’s plan for creating sustainable communities. However, crucial to brownfield regeneration is the issue of restoring the land to a high quality as quickly and cost effectively as possible. There is also the matter of ensuring that the regeneration process and resutting development is sustainable, given the increasing concern over global warming. ...

  • European red spider mite - an environmental consequence of persistent chemical pesticide application

    The European red spider mite, Panonychus ulmi, is a major pest in almost all fruit growing regions of the world (Hardman et al., 1985). Spread of P. ulmi to most apple-growing areas has probably been caused by the distribution of nursery stock carrying winter eggs. This mite is stated to be an important secondary pest (due to the effects of chemical sprays killing natural enemies) of commercial ...

  • Spatial Controls of Pre–Euro-American Wind and Fire Disturbance in Northern Wisconsin (USA) Forest Landscapes

    We elucidate spatial controls of wind and fire disturbance across northern Wisconsin (USA), where climatic and topographic gradients are not strong, using data from the original US Public Land Survey (PLS) notes. These records contain information on the location and extent of heavy windthrows and stand-replacing fires prior to Euro-American settlement. The spatial patterns of windthrow and fire ...


    By Springer

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