Pruning Articles

  • Why consider pre-emergent herbicide?

    Resistant weeds, dicamba training, new EPA rules and regulations, and ag companies being bought or merging together have been a few of the topics found in many ag media and publications this winter. In summary, things are continually changing in agriculture and will continue to change. One of those changes that many, if not all growers, have experienced is how to deal with weed resistance. ...


    By Ag Leader Technology

  • AutoSelect – nozzle change - on the go

    AutoSelect gives increased flexibility HARDI introduces an air-driven nozzle concept at Agromek 2016, where the sprayer driver can change between 2 nozzles or use both at the same time. You can use one type of drift reducing nozzle at the headland or at sensitive bufferzones   and a “conventional” FlatFan nozzle or low drift nozzle in the field. The sprayer ...


    By Hardi International A/S

  • Non-chemical Pre-plant Soil Disinfestation

    The battle with pests, diseases and weeds is an everyday problem for every farmer. Due to the fact that 40% of the world’s food production is lost due to pests and diseases, farmers need to manage crop protection. An excellent example of the need for pesticides is cotton. It is a crop that is affected by various pests. Cotton farming accounts for more than 25% of all insecticides and 12% of ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Farm Practices to Preserve Fruit Quality After Harvesting

    The success of a farmer’s effort in crop production depends largely on the final phase of production, which is often followed by post-harvest losses that can reach up to 50%. Reducing this waste could improve global food production, and increase overall farmer’s profit. Activities that are carried out just before harvesting may have a major influence on final production. Post-harvest ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Spatio-temporal variability of temperature and potential evapotranspiration over India

    Worldwide, major changes in the climate are expected due to global warming, which leads to temperature variations. To assess the climate change impact on the hydrological cycle, a spatio-temporal change detection study of potential evapotranspiration (PET) along with maximum and minimum temperatures (Tmax and Tmin) over India have been performed for the second half of the 20th century ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Antioxidant and detoxification responses of oysters Crassostrea hongkongensis in a multi‐metal contaminated estuary

    The ‘colored’ oysters discovered in the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) contained high levels of metals in their tissues, especially for Cu and Zn, indicating that this largest and densely urbanized estuary in Southern China suffered from serious metal pollution. This study aimed to investigate the impacts of multi‐metal pollution in the PRE on oyster antioxidant and detoxification systems. The ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Enduramaxx registered on an Achilles community

    nduramaxx is pleased to announce that they are now fully registered as a supplier on the Achilles UVDB Community (Utilities Vendor Database). Achilles UVDB is a business community for the UK utilities industry and major contractors enabling the sector to use the Achilles supplier pre-qualification system to manage risk and comply with EU procurement regulations. Achilles provides a fair, open and ...


    By ENDURAMAXX

  • American Dried Prunes Processing Industry

    In America, plum is not only a kind of snack, and it can also match all kinds of raw materials and be made all kinds of delicious food such as salad, cake and so on. Plum has many processed products such as dried prunes, prune juice, prune pudding and so on. But the most popular is dried prunes because of its advantages. Dried prunes are often eaten right from the package as a convenient, ...


    By Azeus Food Machinery

  • Comparative study of isotherm parameters of lead biosorption by two wastes of olive-oil production

    Batch isotherm studies were carried out on a laboratory scale: (i) to investigate the effectiveness to remove lead of two wastes (olive stone (OS) and olive tree pruning (OTP)), untreated and chemically treated; and (ii) to examine the applicability of various adsorption isotherms to fit the experimental data. Results from tests were analyzed using seven equilibrium isotherm correlations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • LIVE FROM THE NCRS: Yet Another Busy Day at the NCRS

    So yesterday (Wednesday Jul 22, 2015) was another busy day to take advantage of the nice weather.  Like moving the wheat harvest operation over to Farm 7. ...

  • Advantages of the combined use of Bi-On and 1-MCP

    The removal of ethylene by Bi-On during coldstorage in Controlled Atmosphere of Bramley apple treated with 1-MCP reduces the risk of scald, according to a recent study conducted in Ireland (Sean Mac an tSaoir, John Mansfield, Frances Ward and Suzanne Johnston, AFBI horticulture Loughgall). Due to the prohibition of the anti-scalding agent DPA, the aim of the trial was to find alternatives to the ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Interactions between physical activity and the environment to improve adolescent self–esteem: a randomised controlled trial

    Natural environments promote physical activity (PA) and are psychologically restorative. In adults, performing PA in nature provides additive benefits for self–esteem (SE). Studies in adolescents indicate no such effect. However, they have not examined the effect of interaction with natural environments. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of exercising in natural and built ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The impact of foreign aid on national income in Ghana: a test for long-run equilibrium

    This study sets out to investigate the relationship between foreign aid and national income in Ghana, between 1980 and 2005 using fully modified ordinary least squares (FM-OLS). This is to ascertain whether foreign aid receipts have had significant impact on the level of Ghana’s gross national income. The autoregressive distributed lags (ARDL) bounds test and the Johansen cointegrating equations ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low oxygen pre-storage treatment is effective in reducing chilling injuries of deciduous fruit

    Apple and pear fruits stored at low temperatures may suffer from chilling injury symptoms, caused by oxidative stress. Application of a low-oxygen (LO 2 ) atmosphere (0.5%) for 10 d at 20°C or 500 ppb 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) at 20°C for 24 h, prior to cold storage at 0°C, were equally effective in reducing superficial scald on ‘Granny Smith’ apples, after six months of cold storage at 0°C ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Empirical evidence on convergence across the PIIGS member states of the Euro–zone

    This paper investigates unconditional convergence of major economic variables across the Euro–zone member states of Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece and Spain over the last 30 years. The criteria used for investigating convergence are β–convergence, σ–convergence, and time–series–convergence. The findings show that the unemployment rate, the budget deficit, and the general government gross debt ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New trends in Chinese innovation policies since 2009 - a system framework of policy analysis

    China's innovation development is attracting increasing attention from the international community. This study explores the new trends in Chinese innovation policy since 2009 based on a system framework of policy analysis. The results indicate the following: 1) The contribution rate of major agencies to policy has decreased incrementally, and the collaboration across ministries has declined since ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Neuroscientific evidence: a criminal justice dream, or an adversarial nightmare?

    This exploratory paper seeks to examine the use of neuroscientific evidence in the criminal trial process. Such evidence is not currently employed in the pre–trial or trial stages in England and Wales. However, the first use of polygraph lie detectors during the pre–charge process has recently been trailed by Hertfordshire Police. More advanced techniques such as the BEOS test and the use of fMRI ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Daily precipitation mapping and forecasting using data driven techniques

    Accurate prediction of precipitation is a challenging task because of the non–linearity and randomness involved in the processes. Most of the conventional models fail to capture this non–linearity and randomness. In the present study, data driven techniques like artificial neural network (ANN) and model tree (MT) are used for predicting the short–term precipitation. Several models are developed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pan evaporation and reference evapotranspiration trend detection in western Iran with consideration of data persistence

    It is important to identify the spatiotemporal trends of evaporation and evapotranspiration under the changing climate for use in regional water resources planning. This work aimed to investigate the trends of the Hargreaves reference evapotranspiration (ETo), pan evaporation (Epan) and pan coefficient (Kpan) series at 12 stations in the west ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of O3 and O3/H2O2 on algae harvesting using chitosan

    We examined the effects of pre-oxidation using ozone (O3) and a combination of O3 and hydrogen peroxide (O3/H2O2) on algae suspensions and their harvesting. Inactivation of algae cells, release of intracellular organic matter (IOM), mineralization of extracellular organic matter (EOM), and changes in molecular weight distribution of EOM were found after ...


    By IWA Publishing

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