Articles

  • Five key lessons from your open grass silage clamp

    Having results of a silage analysis is one thing. But often, it’s only when you get stuck into seeing what’s inside, and feeding it, that you get a full picture of what you’ve produced.  And how good it is. The quality (and quantity) of your silage can have a major impact on the financial health of your business for six months or more. So, it’s worth checking it now, ...


    By Volac International Limited

  • Lambing advice at your fingertips

    At the end of the 2016/17 lambing season, we asked you to share your experiences with us. A huge thank you to everyone who took the time to complete our survey - it was great to hear so many positive stories and to gain insight to the challenges you face. Feedback from the lambing survey Your feedback is hugely important to us and helps us to shape the advice, information and ...


    By Volac International Limited

  • Simulating the Effect of Climate Change on Agriculture

    Increased atmospheric CO2 levels and climate change are believed to contribute to extreme weather conditions, which is a major concern for many. And beyond extreme events, global warming is also predicted to affect agriculture.1,2 While climate change is expected to affect agriculture and reduce crop yields, the complete ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Organic livestock: why you should embrace it

    The term “organic” is widely used nowadays, usually to refer to products and practices related to a healthier and more conscious lifestyle. But what about organic livestock? Learn more about the practice, its benefits and why you should start embracing it as your main production system. What is organic livestock? Organic livestock is a practice that consists on ...


    By GR Trailers LLC

  • Antibiotics and the Livestock Industry

    The Earth’s population has more than quadrupled in the last 150 years, which has led to dramatic changes in the livestock industry because farmers had to increase the density of animals in order to meet demand. As a result of the increased proximity of animals to one another, disease became a huge problem. Subsequently, antibiotics began being commonly used on livestock farms. Originally, ...


    By NW Solutions

  • Fitting germplasm types of tall fescue and orchardgrass to different cropping environments of the mediterranean region

    Understanding of adaptation targets, selection environments, genetic resources, and plant types is required in breeding tall fescue [Lolium arundinaceum (Schreb.) S.J. Darbysh.] and orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) for Mediterranean environments prone to drought stress. Fourth-year forage yield of seven orchardgrass and five fescue cultivars grown in Algeria and Sardinia revealed (i) ...

  • Railroads in the Amazon: A key strategy for reducing deforestation

    The article examines the impacts of paving highway BR-319, which connects two of the largest state capitals in the Brazilian Amazon. In recent years, the construction of highways has been the biggest driver of deforestation in the region. As currently planned, BR- 319 will run through the middle of the largest contiguous area of intact forest in Brazil. By 2050, the deforestation projected to ...

  • Rural community sewerage case study

    Succeeded in "zero-emission" of sludge Previously, sludge was vacuumed out in this treatment plant without being dewatered; however, the cost for sludge treatment was huge. Thus, aiming at "zero-emission" of sludge, fermentation of the sludge was being considered. AMCON's offer for a solution They introduced Dell Compo, which can treat sludge ...


    By AMCON Inc.

  • Seeding rate and nitrogen management effects on spring wheat yield and yield components

    Seeding rate, N level, and N application timing are key management factors for spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production in North Dakota. Experiments were conducted under dryland (Casselton, ND) and irrigated (Carrington, ND) conditions in 2003 to 2005 to determine the optimum combination of seeding rate and N management to maximize yield of hard red spring wheat (HRSW). Treatments consisted ...

  • Summer dormancy in orchardgrass: evaluation and characterization through ecophysiological and genetic studies

    Climatic change manifested by increasing summer drought necessitates the development of drought-tolerant forage grass cultivars. Summer dormancy is a major trait conferring drought survival and autumn recovery of perennial grasses in Mediterranean areas. Moroccan ecotypes of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) expressed 67% greater degree of summer dormancy than tested cultivars except the ...

  • A dynamic model of cotton emergence based on the thermal dependence of malate synthase

    Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is frequently planted when temperatures are not optimal for germination and emergence. Delayed emergence, a common contributor to diminished plant performance later in the season, is often related to nonoptimal temperatures. Improvement of cotton performance requires knowledge of the source, pattern, and magnitude of thermal limitations on seedling metabolism. In ...

  • Efficacy of selected probiotic cultures to inhibit Enterobacter sakazakii ATCC 12868 in model reconstituted dairy products

    Enterobacter sakazakii ATCC 12868 ( ES ) is a very dangerous opportunistic organism likely to contaminate post-pasteurised dry milk products with a high mortality rate (40–80%). This study evaluated the antimicrobial efficacy of probiotics against ES in reconstituted dried infant formula. Initial study at 30ºC showed that Enterococcus ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impacts of beef producer compensation programmes to remediate negative economic outcomes of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in Canada

    Before the first domestic case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was identified in May 2003, Canada was the world's third largest exporter of cattle behind the USA and Australia. After the detection of BSE, over 30 countries imposed an immediate ban on imported Canadian beef and cattle products, including the USA. The interdependence of the Canadian beef industry with that of the US ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lessons learned from bovine spongiform encephalopathy for the future management of the Canadian cattle industry

    Globally, Canada is only a minor beef producing country, and yet ranks fourth among countries exporting beef products. That fact alone shows considerable market vulnerability. When coupled with dependence on corporate-owned slaughter capacity and heavy reliance on only one export market (the USA), that vulnerability is magnified. Economic losses from BSE in Canada following the occurrence of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Overview of bovine spongiform encephalopathy and related events in Germany

    Despite the emergence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) throughout Europe, Germany considered itself free of the disease. However, on November 26, 2000, the first domestic case of BSE appeared in the country, leading to public concerns about food safety. The occurrence of BSE within the country's borders had dramatic economic and social effects. The response of the German public and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimum short-term futures hedge using stochastic linear programming

    Classical optimal hedge ratio concentrates on risk reduction and neglects strategic value maximisation. In this study, the authors use stochastic optimisation theories to formulate an optimal, short-term hedging scheme to mitigate risks while maximising portfolio value. Stochastic spot and futures price models are used to simulate prices. The periodic optimal hedge ratios are determined using the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Timber frame and post and beam construction

    Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are a unit strategies of building with heavy weight timbers instead of dimensional timber like 2"x4"s. Timber framing is sometimes additionally known as post and beams because as it is evident for its name that it is a way of using frame made of timber wood for construction because it acts as the main structure providing support to the ...


  • Data Logger the size of a credit card

    Negligent handling of temperature sensitive goods can have fatal consequences. Of course it is advantageous to control temperatures, however temperature data loggers of the past were often bulky and unmanageable. Now there is a data logger which has been reduced to the size of a credit card. Goods are not always treated gently during transportation. Shipping businesses are increasingly under ...


    By KELLER HCW GmbH

  • Common Fish Diseases and Caused Reasons

    There are literally hundreds of afflictions that can effect the health of farm fish. The most common maladies seen in home aquaculture production are usually either bacterial, parasitic, or viral diseases in origin. Fungal infections are also sometimes seen, and occasionally physical ailments. Common ...


    By Fanway Fish Feed Machinery

  • Adsorption kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamics of atrazine removal using a banana peel based sorbent

    Atrazine removal from water by treated banana peels was studied. The effect of pH, contact time, initial atrazine concentration, and temperature were investigated. Batch experiments demonstrated that 15 g L−1 adsorbent dosage removed 90–99% of atrazine from 1–150 ppm aqueous solutions. The removal was both pH and temperature dependent with the most atrazine removed between pH 7 and 8.2 and ...


    By IWA Publishing

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