Drip Irrigation Articles

  • Effects of drip irrigation promotion policies on water use and irrigation costs in Valencia, Spain

    The aim of this study is to conduct an ex post analysis of the generalized implementation of drip irrigation in the last two decades in the Valencia Region (Spain). Due to the important role played by water users' associations (WUAs) in this socio-technological change in the region, this research was based on 77 interviews with different WUAs that provided information prior and subsequent to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring Water Resources Beyond Irrigation

    Over the past year, California’s governor has taken unprecedented action, requiring Californians to drastically cut potable urban water use. While the restrictions may seem harsh to some, it actually provides an opportunity for building managers and community association boards to implement an effective long-term water conservation program. And the result can be significant dollar savings. ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Microbial risk in wastewater irrigated lettuce: comparing Escherichia coli contamination from an experimental site with a laboratory approach

    This study assessed the contamination of Escherichia coli, in lettuce grown with treated domestic wastewater in four different irrigation configurations: open spray, spray under plastic sheet cover, open drip and drip under plastic sheet cover. Samples of lettuce from each irrigation configuration and irrigating wastewater were collected during the growing season. No E. coli ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Features of impulse sprinkling technology

    The principle of non-stop water supply to plants and soil in accordance with their water intake is progressive. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling correspond to this principle. Drip irrigation provides optimal water and nutrient regimes directly to the root system of plants. However, this irrigation is not effective enough under conditions of high temperature (over 25–35 °C) as growth ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Implications of water policy reforms for virtual water trade between South Africa and its trade partners: economy-wide approach

    This paper employs an economy-wide framework to evaluate impacts of water and trade policy reforms in South Africa (SA) on virtual water flows. To pursue this analysis, the study derives net virtual water trade flows between SA and its partners to assess implications of recent trade agreements within the South African Development Community compared to economic cooperation with other major ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil water movement under a drip irrigation double-point source

    Particularly in dry regions, the scarcity of high-quality fresh water has heightened the importance of urban runoff water re-use, leading as well to the improvement of water use efficiency through the surface drip irrigation method. Given the limited research on wetting front migration under a surface drip irrigation emitter, soil water movement under a double-point-source irrigation emitter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water use efficiency and productivity of habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) based on two transplanting dates

    Habanero pepper production was assessed with drip irrigation and plastic mulch, based on two transplanting dates. The objectives of the study were: (i) to evaluate the effect of two transplanting dates and the use of plastic mulch on water productivity and habanero pepper fruit yield under drip irrigation conditions; and (ii) to determine the profitability and economic viability of the product ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Climate, vulnerability and farming: a preliminary study among Australian food growers

    The present study examines climate change, vulnerability to climate, and other environmental challenges from the perspective of 80 horticulture operators from different Australian states. Vulnerability in the form of storms and droughts are respondents’ main environmental concerns; in some cases, the impact of wildlife displacement is affecting their production outputs. In addition, substantial ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Virtual water and phosphorus gains through rice imports to Ghana: implications for food security policy

    This study estimated the gains of virtual water, Phosphorus (P) and Phytic Acid (PA) through rice and wheat import to Ghana for the period 1998–2005, and assessed the implications of increasing rice import coupled with declining domestic production for food security. The total virtual water of Ghana associated with rice and wheat import for the study period was 5574 Mm³, while the total P and PA ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reuse of constructed wetland effluents for irrigation of energy crops

    The aim of this study was to evaluate biomass production of promising ‘no-food’ energy crops, Vetiveria zizanoides (L.) Nash, Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu. and Arundo donax (L.), irrigated with low quality water at different evapotranspiration restitutions. Two horizontal subsurface flow (H-SSF) constructed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Special features of drip-sprinkler irrigation technology

    Irrigation techniques and technology based on principle of regular accumulation of moisture in active layer (surface irrigation, regular sprinkler irrigation) are most common in science and in practice. More progressive is principle of non-stop water supply of plants and soil in conformity to their water consumption. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling are based on this principle. The main ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of different irrigation systems in Albaji Plain

    The objective of this research was to compare different irrigation methods based on a parametric evaluation system in an area of 16,350 ha in the Albaji Plain of the Khuzestan Province, in the southwest of Iran. The soil properties of the study area such as texture, depth, electrical conductivity, drainage, calcium carbonate content and slope were derived from a semi-detailed soil study carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation challenges in the sub-humid US Mid-South

    Irrigated area in the Mid-South USA continues to increase and now totals four million ha. Because of low available water holding capacities and shallow root-limiting layers in many soils, irrigation management is difficult. Water quality and water use efficiency impacts under irrigation are poorly understood, but comprehension is necessary if conversion from groundwater to surface water supplies ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can drip irrigation keep the Prairie Profitable?

    The use of flood and center pivot irrigation of crops via the waters of the Ogallala Aquifer is as hot a discussion topic as the current drought. To many who mine the aquifer to make a living, trying to keep a profitable way of life sustainable in a time when the broader public is seeking more conservation of resources yet wanting inexpensive, plentiful and safe food is problematic. Perhaps it's ...


    By Netafim USA

  • Control of algal production in a high rate algal pond: investigation through batch and continuous experiments

    For decades, arid and semi-arid regions in Africa have faced issues related to water availability for drinking, irrigation and livestock purposes. To tackle these issues, a laboratory scale greywater treatment system based on high rate algal pond (HRAP) technology was investigated in order to guide the operation of the pilot plant implemented in the 2iE campus in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effects of irrigation modernization on the cost recovery of water in the Valencia Region (Spain)

    The modernization of the irrigation systems has been the main strategy followed by the regional administration of the Valencia Region to cope with the structural water deficit of the region, which has been particularly severe during the last three decades. These policies have been oriented to the substitution of gravity irrigation systems for drip technology. The technological change has ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • WaterActive Jan 2014: Groundwater Asset Management

    Mike Deed, Managing Director of Geoquip Water Solutions, considers the problems of groundwater asset management in the January 2014 issue of WaterActive. Groundwater boreholes are a key component for commercial operations where large volumes of water are required, as part of the ...


    By Geoquip Water Solutions

  • Clock House Farm: optimising growing conditions and irrigation efficiency in high volume soft fruit production - Case Study

    Clock House farm nestles in the rolling hills of Kent a few miles south of Maidstone in the UK. The expansive 250 acre farm grows a variety of fruit, including strawberries, raspberries and blackberries. ...


    By Delta-T Devices Ltd.

  • Large-scale irrigation - Understanding energy-water-food connections

    Original story at MIT News An MIT team is providing new understanding of the growing interconnections among three critical resources: energy, water and food. The work focuses on Pakistan's Indus Basin, where irrigation water is increasingly pumped from underground, a practice that is intensifying a preexisting shortage of energy. Using new and ...

  • Using coir as a growing susbstrate - sustainably and ethically

    Manufactured from the inner husk of coconuts, coir is, but its very nature, produced in distant, and often developing, countries. This means that there is also an ethical slant to consider, as well as the question of shipping costs and carbon use. As retailers apply more pressure on their suppliers to focus on sustainability and ethics, these points are becoming increasingly important. Growers ...


    By Botanicoir Ltd

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