Drip Irrigation Articles

  • Plant growth and nutrient uptake in treatment wetlands for water with low pollutant concentration

    The objective of this study was to determine how macrophytes commonly used in treatment wetlands (TWs) respond to water with low pollutant concentration. We measured pollutant removal efficiency and compared growth and nutrient uptake of five macrophytes in demonstration scale units (volume >40 m3) irrigated by water with pollutant concentrations representative of average urban stormwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation Systems 101: What you need to know

    In the perfect scenario everyone could rely on rainwater for their farming practices, but this is not always the case. This is why employing the right choice from the different irrigation systems available is crucial for agricultural success. Irrigation systems are basically an artificial way to provide water to fertile soil for agricultural purposes. Crop irrigation is necessary to ...


    By GR Trailers LLC

  • Corn Production in the Bowen Food Basin - Case Study

    In Bowen, Queensland, in 2010, Hibrix was compared with a high NPK mineral fertiliser program for the production of maize cv. Hycorn 675IT on an alluvial sandy loam soil irrigated via sub-surface drip tape. At commercial harvest, cobs from 20 randomly selected plants per plot from were harvested, weighed and the length, girth at the cob base and length of tip not filled with kernels was measured. ...


    By NW Solutions

  • Parameters controlling chemical deposits in micro-irrigation with treated wastewater

    Micro-irrigation with treated wastewater has the potential to be the most efficient irrigation technique, especially in water scarce areas. Its main disadvantage is the high sensitivity of the drippers to clog. This study focused only on the chemical precipitation mechanisms. In a batch chemical process in parallel with PHREEQC software, two temperatures (22 and 55°C), four pHs (8, 8.5, 9 and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Conjunctive effect of water productivity and cultivation pattern on agricultural water management

    Agricultural water resources are scarce in Iran, and agricultural water management is essential to overcome this limitation. Determination of the water productivity index (WP) using the methods of optimization of cropping patterns and optimal water allocation is the most effective tool in water management in the agricultural sector. In this study, a non-linear optimization model was used to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of drip irrigation promotion policies on water use and irrigation costs in Valencia, Spain

    The aim of this study is to conduct an ex post analysis of the generalized implementation of drip irrigation in the last two decades in the Valencia Region (Spain). Due to the important role played by water users' associations (WUAs) in this socio-technological change in the region, this research was based on 77 interviews with different WUAs that provided information prior and subsequent to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microbial risk in wastewater irrigated lettuce: comparing Escherichia coli contamination from an experimental site with a laboratory approach

    This study assessed the contamination of Escherichia coli, in lettuce grown with treated domestic wastewater in four different irrigation configurations: open spray, spray under plastic sheet cover, open drip and drip under plastic sheet cover. Samples of lettuce from each irrigation configuration and irrigating wastewater were collected during the growing season. No E. coli ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Features of impulse sprinkling technology

    The principle of non-stop water supply to plants and soil in accordance with their water intake is progressive. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling correspond to this principle. Drip irrigation provides optimal water and nutrient regimes directly to the root system of plants. However, this irrigation is not effective enough under conditions of high temperature (over 25–35 °C) as growth ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Why Drip Irrigation Design is Crucial to Your Success

    Drip irrigation is one of the most cost-effective and efficient watering methods in agriculture. It has become incredibly popular in the past 50-years and has been widely adopted by agriculturalists in dozens of countries throughout the world. In simple term, drip irrigation works by sending water through plastic pipes into drip emitters. These emitters are specifically designed to release water ...


    By Kim Engineering Solutions

  • Implications of water policy reforms for virtual water trade between South Africa and its trade partners: economy-wide approach

    This paper employs an economy-wide framework to evaluate impacts of water and trade policy reforms in South Africa (SA) on virtual water flows. To pursue this analysis, the study derives net virtual water trade flows between SA and its partners to assess implications of recent trade agreements within the South African Development Community compared to economic cooperation with other major ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Colorado Irrigation Canal Channels - Case Study

    Project Background “Different materials to protect canal liners had been tried in irrigation canals across the West over the past 15 or 20 years.   One typical method uses a low cost earthen material like clay. Over time, however, these systems begin to crack and start to leak.  It’s not a very efficient way to convey water,” notes Joe Kaul, Kaul ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Soil water movement under a drip irrigation double-point source

    Particularly in dry regions, the scarcity of high-quality fresh water has heightened the importance of urban runoff water re-use, leading as well to the improvement of water use efficiency through the surface drip irrigation method. Given the limited research on wetting front migration under a surface drip irrigation emitter, soil water movement under a double-point-source irrigation emitter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water use efficiency and productivity of habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) based on two transplanting dates

    Habanero pepper production was assessed with drip irrigation and plastic mulch, based on two transplanting dates. The objectives of the study were: (i) to evaluate the effect of two transplanting dates and the use of plastic mulch on water productivity and habanero pepper fruit yield under drip irrigation conditions; and (ii) to determine the profitability and economic viability of the product ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Climate, vulnerability and farming: a preliminary study among Australian food growers

    The present study examines climate change, vulnerability to climate, and other environmental challenges from the perspective of 80 horticulture operators from different Australian states. Vulnerability in the form of storms and droughts are respondents’ main environmental concerns; in some cases, the impact of wildlife displacement is affecting their production outputs. In addition, substantial ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Virtual water and phosphorus gains through rice imports to Ghana: implications for food security policy

    This study estimated the gains of virtual water, Phosphorus (P) and Phytic Acid (PA) through rice and wheat import to Ghana for the period 1998–2005, and assessed the implications of increasing rice import coupled with declining domestic production for food security. The total virtual water of Ghana associated with rice and wheat import for the study period was 5574 Mm³, while the total P and PA ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A computer model to estimate seepage rates from automated irrigation distribution channels during periods of shutdown

    Within the last 10 years throughout south-eastern Australia, there has been a rapid expansion of modernisation efforts by irrigation companies that has included installation of automatic control structures, the so-called total channel control (TCC) technology. TCC includes supervisory control and data acquisition technology, which results in production of integrated databases utilising real time ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Special features of drip-sprinkler irrigation technology

    Irrigation techniques and technology based on principle of regular accumulation of moisture in active layer (surface irrigation, regular sprinkler irrigation) are most common in science and in practice. More progressive is principle of non-stop water supply of plants and soil in conformity to their water consumption. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling are based on this principle. The main ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of different irrigation systems in Albaji Plain

    The objective of this research was to compare different irrigation methods based on a parametric evaluation system in an area of 16,350 ha in the Albaji Plain of the Khuzestan Province, in the southwest of Iran. The soil properties of the study area such as texture, depth, electrical conductivity, drainage, calcium carbonate content and slope were derived from a semi-detailed soil study carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation challenges in the sub-humid US Mid-South

    Irrigated area in the Mid-South USA continues to increase and now totals four million ha. Because of low available water holding capacities and shallow root-limiting layers in many soils, irrigation management is difficult. Water quality and water use efficiency impacts under irrigation are poorly understood, but comprehension is necessary if conversion from groundwater to surface water supplies ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can drip irrigation keep the Prairie Profitable?

    The use of flood and center pivot irrigation of crops via the waters of the Ogallala Aquifer is as hot a discussion topic as the current drought. To many who mine the aquifer to make a living, trying to keep a profitable way of life sustainable in a time when the broader public is seeking more conservation of resources yet wanting inexpensive, plentiful and safe food is problematic. Perhaps it's ...


    By Netafim USA

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