Irrigation Science Articles

  • Features of impulse sprinkling technology

    The principle of non-stop water supply to plants and soil in accordance with their water intake is progressive. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling correspond to this principle. Drip irrigation provides optimal water and nutrient regimes directly to the root system of plants. However, this irrigation is not effective enough under conditions of high temperature (over 25–35 °C) as growth ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water pricing and irrigation across Europe: opportunities and constraints for adopting irrigation scheduling decision support systems

    Despite the plethora of irrigation scheduling decision support systems that have been developed over the past decades, there is little evidence of widespread adoption by farmers. This paper investigates the structural, institutional and political rigidities that affect the adoption of irrigation scheduling technologies in southern European countries and highlights the corresponding ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil water movement under a drip irrigation double-point source

    Particularly in dry regions, the scarcity of high-quality fresh water has heightened the importance of urban runoff water re-use, leading as well to the improvement of water use efficiency through the surface drip irrigation method. Given the limited research on wetting front migration under a surface drip irrigation emitter, soil water movement under a double-point-source irrigation emitter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prospects of desalination for irrigation water in the Sultanate of Oman

    The most limiting factor for the agricultural sector in the Sultanate of Oman is a lack of water, and security of supply in terms of both quantity and quality. Salinization of both soils and groundwater systems along the coastal strip of Al-Batinah has placed a substantial burden on farmers regarding crop selection and, therefore, farm profitability. Desalination of brackish and seawaters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Peak (Almost) Everything

    The concept of resource use peaking and then declining first gained ground in the 1950s when M. King Hubbert projected the arrival of peak oil use around 2000. That failed to materialize, but according to researchers from Germany and the U.S. writing in the journal  ...


    By Ensia

  • Efficiency of maize irrigation scheduling in climate variability and extreme weather events in eastern Croatia

    This study was conducted (2010–2012) to analyse the efficiency of irrigation scheduling in maize production based on soil moisture measurements (Watermark soil moisture sensors) in years with extreme weather events at the research site of the Agricultural Institute in Osijek, eastern Croatia. Three irrigation treatments and four maize hybrids were studied. In the extremely rainy 2010, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Peru: Olmos irrigation project sparks development debate

    The recently launched irrigation and hydropower Olmos megaproject in Peru is hailed a ‘masterpiece of engineering’ aimed ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Relationship between distribution uniformity and soil moisture content

    Tests on a sand-based green suggest that soil moisture measurements and hand watering are critical to mitigating localized dry spot. Providing a putting surface with uniform playing conditions and aesthetics is a critical component to successful golf course management. A condition that regularly disrupts putting green uniformity is localized drying or localized dry spot (also known as LDS) (3). A ...

  • Special features of drip-sprinkler irrigation technology

    Irrigation techniques and technology based on principle of regular accumulation of moisture in active layer (surface irrigation, regular sprinkler irrigation) are most common in science and in practice. More progressive is principle of non-stop water supply of plants and soil in conformity to their water consumption. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling are based on this principle. The main ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of different irrigation systems in Albaji Plain

    The objective of this research was to compare different irrigation methods based on a parametric evaluation system in an area of 16,350 ha in the Albaji Plain of the Khuzestan Province, in the southwest of Iran. The soil properties of the study area such as texture, depth, electrical conductivity, drainage, calcium carbonate content and slope were derived from a semi-detailed soil study carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation challenges in the sub-humid US Mid-South

    Irrigated area in the Mid-South USA continues to increase and now totals four million ha. Because of low available water holding capacities and shallow root-limiting layers in many soils, irrigation management is difficult. Water quality and water use efficiency impacts under irrigation are poorly understood, but comprehension is necessary if conversion from groundwater to surface water supplies ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can drip irrigation keep the Prairie Profitable?

    The use of flood and center pivot irrigation of crops via the waters of the Ogallala Aquifer is as hot a discussion topic as the current drought. To many who mine the aquifer to make a living, trying to keep a profitable way of life sustainable in a time when the broader public is seeking more conservation of resources yet wanting inexpensive, plentiful and safe food is problematic. Perhaps it's ...


    By Netafim USA

  • Irrigation water governance in practice: the case of the Canale Emiliano Romagnolo district, Italy

    Irrigation is an essential element of agricultural production whose absence would create great economic hardship in many regions of the global South. Yet irrigated agriculture uses 70% of global fresh water withdrawals, putting major pressure on global water resources. Whilst much research has focused on technological solutions to improve irrigation efficiency, irrigation water governance ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing potential of water rights and energy pricing in making groundwater use for irrigation sustainable in India

    Groundwater emerged as a major source of irrigation in India during the mid-1970s. However, a large expansion in well irrigation due to a massive rural electrification programme, government policies of promoting private tube well construction and large subsidies on electricity for agricultural use resulted in groundwater over-abstraction in many semi-arid and arid regions of India. In addition, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Command-scale integrated water management in response to spatial climate variability in Lower Bari Doab Canal irrigation system

    Design and management of the Indus Basin Irrigation System are aimed at achieving equity in canal water supply. This concept, which is more than a century old, ignores the due aspect of groundwater management in today's perspective. Recent research has proved that variation in irrigation demand and rainfall within the irrigation units has given birth to varying stresses on groundwater. In ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects on macronutrient contents in soil-plant irrigated with different quality waters and wastewaters

    The goals of this research were focused on investigating the effects of irrigation with untreated wastewater, ozone-enhanced primary treated wastewaters (O3EPTW), tap water and tap water + fertilizer on the macronutrient content in soil and plant tissues. The effect on plant development was evaluated by growing Lactuca sativa in soils irrigated with these different quality ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The costs of adaptation: changes in water availability and farmers’ responses in Punakha district, Bhutan

    There is growing evidence that monsoon patterns are changing in the Himalayan region, which could potentially result in loss and damage for local farmers. To understand how farmers adapt to changes in water availability, we conducted a study in Punakha district, Bhutan, using qualitative and quantitative research tools. According to 91% of 273 respondents, water availability for rice irrigation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Farmers fine-tune research, spread their own innovations

    Smallholder farmers can aid the uptake of research fruits and drive grassroots innovations. Joel Winston reports. The 1960s' Green Revolution demonstrated how technological innovations can transform agriculture. High-yielding crop strains, irrigation, fertilisers and pesticides were brought into developing countries, ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Rising Temperature, Rising Food Prices

    Agriculture as it exists today developed over 11,000 years of rather remarkable climate stability. It has evolved to maximize production within that climate system. Now, suddenly, the climate is changing. With each passing year, the agricultural system is becoming more out of sync with the climate system. In generations past, when there was an extreme weather event, such as a monsoon failure in ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Review of agricultural water management policies in Near East and North African Region in light of water scarcity

    This paper explores the current debate about water management policies and the factors affecting their formulation and implementation in the arid and semi–arid zones of the Near East and North African Region (NENAR). In this context, relevant and significant experiences of other countries in the world facing similar challenges are also considered (Sachdeva, 2009). The literature pertaining to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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