Irrigation Systems Articles

  • Delta Drainage and Irrigation System - Case Study

    Background Delta, British Columbia is located in the Fraser River delta on the shores of the Pacific Ocean, just south of the City of Vancouver. Delta comprises mostly agricultural land, with typical ground elevations near sea level. Levees protect the area from potential floods from the Fraser River and tidal surges from the Pacific Ocean. Of the 13,500 hectares (ha) watershed, ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Case study - Venus in Greece

    Project: Venus with reuse of water System Type: Venus 1850 – 5PE Country: Greece  Client: Carol Cox Capacity: 0,75 m³/day Year of Installation: 2008. ...


    By BioKube A/S

  • Award-winning Agritech Expo Zambia returns to Chisamba in April as agri sector continues to move with the times

    “As Zambian agriculture continues moving with changing times and environment, so does our Agritech Expo. Farmers should brace themselves for yet another awe-inspiring agribusiness and agricultural technology and B2B platform” says an excited Mr Coillard Hamusimbi, the Head of Services and Agribusiness for the ...

  • Significance to human health of carbamazepine detected in fruits and vegetables irrigated with recycled water

    The relevance and significance of the findings of chemicals of emerging concern at nanogram concentrations in recycled water is critically important for the consumers of these crops. The relevance and significance of these chemicals at these concentrations is placed in perspective in terms of the number of years of consumption necessary to accrue one acceptable daily intake every day, over a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • China: agricultural production and groundwater

    As in many parts of the People’s Republic of China, Shanxi Province is experiencing reduced water security for the agriculture sector. Changing climate conditions, including reduced rainfall, are increasing reliance on groundwater resources in the province. Unsustainable groundwater use for food production intensifies the impacts of climate change, and cost-effective adaptation responses ...

  • A methodological system for hydraulic heritage assessment: a management tool

    Traditional irrigation systems are spatial units with a remarkable cultural and heritage value, which in turn generate water landscapes. They are part of hydraulic heritage, which includes material, ideational and symbolic assets. However, the assets related to historical irrigation systems and their landscape units have been poorly studied and evaluated. This paper develops a methodological ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The response of phytoplankton and microlayer-adapted bacteria to monolayer application in a humic, eutrophic irrigation dam

    Repeat applications of artificial monolayers to farm irrigation dams to reduce evaporative loss may adversely affect water quality by enhancing populations of microlayer-adapted bacteria and blue-green algae. The microlayer, subsurface and water column of a 16 ha dam were monitored every two weeks for 18 months, to benchmark the seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton and microlayer-adapted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A two-stage evolutionary optimization approach for an irrigation system design

    In this work, an optimal design of a water distribution network is proposed for large irrigation networks. The proposed approach is built upon an existing optimization method (NSGA-II), but the authors are proposing its effective application in a new two-step optimization process. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate that not only is the choice of method important for obtaining good ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • CSE algorithm: ‘canal survey estimation’ to evaluate the flow rate extractions and hydraulic state in irrigation canals

    One of the main problems in water management of irrigation systems is the control of the equitable distribution of water among different orifice offtakes. The difficulty of managing a canal is partly caused by the lack of knowledge of the canal state because the scheduled demand is often not fulfilled, since farmers extract more water than is scheduled and it is impossible for the watermaster ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different Asias, same problems: negotiating the state-user interface in surface irrigation in China and India

    This paper explores the dynamic interface of state-water users' relationships in large-scale surface irrigation in India and China, to inquire to what extent the issues encountered in large-scale irrigation management and governance are independent of regime characteristics. Though operating in very different overall political regimes, China and India exhibit strong similarities in the way a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water footprint of Xiamen city from production and consumption perspectives (2001–2012)

    Providing a comprehensive insight, water footprint (WF) is widely used to analyze and address water-use issues. In this study, a hybrid of bottom-up and top-down methods is applied to calculate, from production and consumption perspectives, the WF for Xiamen city from 2001 to 2012. Results show that the average production WF of Xiamen was 881.75 Mm3/year and remained relatively stable during ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Le Verger de la Blottière

    Le Verger de la Blottière is a family-run company located in Maine-et-Loire in western France, which has been producing highly valued and quality apples and pears for three generations. Le Verger de la Blottière produces 20 different varieties of apples and pears, all valued for their taste and aromatic properties, where the notable Antares apple merits mention, which was ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Monitoring Water Resources Beyond Irrigation

    Over the past year, California’s governor has taken unprecedented action, requiring Californians to drastically cut potable urban water use. While the restrictions may seem harsh to some, it actually provides an opportunity for building managers and community association boards to implement an effective long-term water conservation program. And the result can be significant dollar savings. ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Features of impulse sprinkling technology

    The principle of non-stop water supply to plants and soil in accordance with their water intake is progressive. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling correspond to this principle. Drip irrigation provides optimal water and nutrient regimes directly to the root system of plants. However, this irrigation is not effective enough under conditions of high temperature (over 25–35 °C) as growth ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Measuring drought based on a CGE model with multi-regional irrigation water

    There have been many droughts in China that have caused severe losses. Previous studies evaluating droughts were from meteorological and hydrological perspectives. We measure the Chinese drought of 2000 based on a static computable general equilibrium model of China's macroeconomy, which describes the relationships between drought, agricultural production, and rural households' welfare from an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Why Drip Irrigation Design is Crucial to Your Success

    Drip irrigation is one of the most cost-effective and efficient watering methods in agriculture. It has become incredibly popular in the past 50-years and has been widely adopted by agriculturalists in dozens of countries throughout the world. In simple term, drip irrigation works by sending water through plastic pipes into drip emitters. These emitters are specifically designed to release water ...


    By KIM

  • Impact of irrigation water scarcity on rural household food security and income in Pakistan

    As Pakistan is currently facing a severe shortage of irrigation water, this paper analyzes the determinants of water scarcity and its impact on the yield of cereal crops (wheat, maize and rice), household income, food security and poverty levels by employing the propensity-score-matching approach. This study is based on a comprehensive set of cross-sectional data collected from 950 farmers ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tessman Brothers irrigation trailer pump testimonial-case study

    August 2006. Tessman Brothers Irrigation, Warren, WI purchased a Crisafulli 16" humpback trailer pump and a Crisafulli 12" humpback trailer pump, and made the following observations: "The pumps were delivered on time, per specifications, and in good condition; the pumps were good value, performed as expected and met the customer's needs; the Crisafulli sales staff was knowledgeable about the ...


    By SRS Crisafulli, Inc.

  • Development of a regionally sensitive water‐productivity indicator to identify sustainable practices for sugarcane growers

    Standards that credibly and effectively certify sustainable commodity production are important to both producers and consumers. Agriculture is the dominant user of water worldwide, so water sustainability in agriculture is an area of particular interest. In conjunction with Bonsucro, a sustainability standard setting body for the sugarcane sector, an indicator was developed to ensure that ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Xylem helps Italian Winery toast success

    A case study on the Pasqua Vigneti e Cantine Winery, Verona Italian wine is enjoyed by many all over the world. However, to grow the best grapes, develop the best flavour and ensure success on a global scale, a seamless production process needs to be in place behind the scenes. The family-run Pasqua Winery in Verona, Northern Italy, has been making wine for over ...


    By LOWARA - a Xylem brand

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