Plant Watering Articles

  • Five Ways to Manage the Soil for Planting

    The soil, as the primary resource for food production and the most important tool for every farmer, is crucial for farming. Successful farming begins with the quality soil, which provides water and essential nutrients to the crops. Rich and healthy soil, combined with the appropriate amount of water and sunlight can significantly contribute to global food production. Proper soil management ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Case Study - Onion and Garlic Dehydration Plant

    Empire, Washoe County, Nevada, USA Geothermal Development Associates (GDA) designed a geothermal heating system for a large commercial vegetable dehydration plant located in the remote San Emidio Desert, about 160 kilometers north of Reno, Nevada, USA. Phase I of this project utilizes 63 l/sec of geothermal brine at 150°C to dehydrate either onions or garlic, depending ...

  • Model of an aquaponic system for minimised water, energy and nitrogen requirements

    Water and nutrient savings can be established by coupling water streams between interacting processes. Wastewater from production processes contains nutrients like nitrogen (N), which can and should be recycled in order to meet future regulatory discharge demands. Optimisation of interacting water systems is a complex task. An effective way of understanding, analysing and optimising such ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Features of impulse sprinkling technology

    The principle of non-stop water supply to plants and soil in accordance with their water intake is progressive. Drip irrigation and impulse sprinkling correspond to this principle. Drip irrigation provides optimal water and nutrient regimes directly to the root system of plants. However, this irrigation is not effective enough under conditions of high temperature (over 25–35 °C) as growth ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ethan V. Howard III, Forester, Manchester Water Works, Manchester, NH. December 26, 2000-case study

    "We would like to thank you for your wonderful FLUMP. We have been dealing with our wet sludge lagoon for many years and have not always been totally successful. We found your system to be of excellent design and robust construction. The control system is direct and easy to understand." "I must say we were a little apprehensive about renting a machine, sight unseen, from the wilds of Montana, ...


    By SRS Crisafulli, Inc.

  • Water plant covers bring operational, safety benefits - case study

    It was time to upgrade the water treatment plan, again. For the third time since commissioning the Kuiper Water Treatment Plant, the City of Aurora, CO, and its engineers, CH2M Hill, began planning another upgrade project. This 70 mgd direct filtration plant was originally built in the late 1960s and had already been expanded twice between 1972 and 1976. Now the plant was to be upgraded again to ...

  • Effects on macronutrient contents in soil-plant irrigated with different quality waters and wastewaters

    The goals of this research were focused on investigating the effects of irrigation with untreated wastewater, ozone-enhanced primary treated wastewaters (O3EPTW), tap water and tap water + fertilizer on the macronutrient content in soil and plant tissues. The effect on plant development was evaluated by growing Lactuca sativa in soils irrigated with these different quality ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Kinetic evaluation of chromium(VI) sorption by water lettuce (Pistia)

    An investigation was performed to evaluate the uptake capacity of Pistia in living condition for adsorptive removal of chromium(VI) from spiked solution for examining a remedial measure for disposal of chrome-laden wastewater in an urban wetland system. Kinetics results show about 78% removal was achieved for 3 mg/L initial concentration of Cr(VI). Experimental data showed that the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • HiPAF specified for woodlands hospital in Northampton case study

    Woodland Hospital is one of Northamptonshire's leading private hospitals located in Kettering. The hospital has 35 single rooms, all with en suite facilities, a multi bedded day ward and a two bedded high dependency unit. When Ramsay Healthcare decided to increase the number of rooms and extend the facilities, one piece of equipment essential to the smooth running of the hospital required ...


    By WPL Ltd

  • Influence of initial pesticide concentrations in water on chlorpyrifos toxicity and removal by Iris pseudacorus

    For understanding the influence of initial concentrations of pesticides in the water body on removal efficiency of the contaminant by aquatic plants, one hydroponics experiment was used to investigate the influence of initial concentration (1–16 mg L−1) on toxicity and chlorpyrifos removal potential of Iris pseudacorus for 20 days under greenhouse conditions. An ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of plant assemblages on nutrient removal in constructed wetlands

    Four different mesocosm scale constructed wetlands - monoculture (Carexstipata), self–designed (passive) community, mixed planted monoculture–passive community and a non–vegetated control - were compared to assess the effects of plant community composition on the removal of inorganic nutrients from agricultural runoff (synthetic tile water). The mixed and self–designed systems consistently ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - Garden shop uses rainwater for bedding plants to beat the hosepipe ban

    With the all the rain water falling on the shop’s roof, plus the new yard roof, and being free of charge, Matthew decided to fit rainwater harvesting. He wanted to be able to water the bedding plants and flowers, which are such an important attraction for clients of the shop. The Site Yalden Garden Store in Chalfont St Giles, South Bucks, is a popular shopping destination ...

  • Water Stress

    Plants experience water stress either when the water supply to their roots becomes limiting, or when the transpiration rate becomes intense. Water stress is primarily caused by a water deficit, such as a drought or high soil salinity. Each year, water stress on arable plants in different parts of the world disrupts agriculture and food supply with the final consequence: famine. Hence, the ability ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments

    The book Irrigation Systems and Practices in Challenging Environments is divided into two interesting sections, with the first section titled Agricultural Water Productivity in Stressed Environments, which consists of nine chapters technically crafted by experts in their own right in their fields of expertise. Topics range from effects of irrigation on the physiology of plants, deficit irrigation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Design of an integrated piggery system with recycled water, biomass production and water purification by vermiculture, macrophyte ponds and constructed wetlands

    Since 2001 the swine experimental station of Guernévez has studied biological treatment plants for nutrient recovery and water recycling, suited to the fresh liquid manure coming out of flushing systems. An integrated system with continuous recycling was set up in 2007, associated with a piggery of 30 pregnant sows. It includes a screen, a vermifilter, and macrophyte ponds alternating with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • “Green” scientific investigation helps to inform intelligent Green Roof design

    The Green Roof...a seemingly simple concept that underlies an impressive collection of beneficial functions in our sometimes rapidly changing environment. Often the green roof serves as an essential component in sustainable building practices, providing an astonishing array of benefits that range from mitigating building heating and cooling costs, storm water runoff, noise, and urban heat ...


    By PP Systems

  • Water use by five warm-season legumes in the southern great plains

    Growing warm-season legumes during fallow periods associated with traditional continuous systems of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the southern Great Plains (SGP) can provide supplemental forage, biological N, and protection from soil erosion, provided the legumes can tolerate drought stress and not deplete the available water in the soil profile. Our objective was to quantify water use ...

  • Growth and phosphorus uptake of three riparian grass species

    Riparian buffers can significantly reduce sediment-bound P entering surface water, but control of dissolved P inputs is more challenging. Because plant roots remove P from soil solution, it follows that plant uptake can reduce dissolved P losses. We evaluated P uptake of smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.), reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.), and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) ...

  • Impact of varying planting Dates and tillage systems on cotton growth and lint yield production

    As economic conditions deteriorated, cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) producers have looked to improve profit margins by reducing inputs while maintaining yields. Pairing the yield benefits from early planting with the input reductions from conservation tillage might help accomplish those goals. The objective was to determine how growth, lint yield, and fiber quality were impacted by planting ...

  • Effects of soil drought with nocturnal warming on leaf stomatal traits and mesophyll cell ultrastructure of a perennial grass

    While water deficit and rising temperatures are progressive global problems, their combined effect on plants has received less attention. Stomatal traits, mesophyll cell ultrastructure, net photosynthetic rate, lipid peroxidation, and ion leakage were examined in leaves of Leymus chinensis (Trin.) Tzvel. plants using native Castanozem soil. Stomatal traits and mesophyll cell ultrastructure were ...

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