Straw Handling Articles

  • What is Hydroseeding?

    Hydroseeding is a method that can be used for planting grass for purposes of erosion control, or to grow new lawns entirely; it has been around since the 1950s. It is also an efficient, inexpensive alternative to laying sod in an area where grass or a lawn is desired. Hydroseeding can also be referred to as hydraulic mulch seeding, hydromulching, or hydroseeding. How does it work? ...


    By TurfMaker Corporation

  • Corn stover using as a fuel in america

    In the world, US, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa, Egypt, Kenya, Ghana, Zimbabwe, and so on, many countries grow corn, Case Study of Mozambique. Mozambique's main food crops are corn, rice, sorghum and cassava, corn is the staple food of Africans across the country are producing. Both of Corn stover and Corncob can be biomass fuel like straw, Corn stover biomass fuel boiler and corncob ...


    By Zhengzhou Boiler Co., ltd

  • A small plant with great success - case study

    The farm-based biogas plant operated by the Wienken family in Augustenfeld (near Löningen) is the first plant of its size built by bwe. Originally, the farm's operator had planned to install a straw heating element. However, since the input materials are available on the farm itself in their entirety, the decision to implement a biogas plant designed by bwe was obvious. One decisive aspect ...

  • Canadian food inspection agency (CFIA) manitoba composting exercise case study

    Overview: Nordevco was invited to participate in a Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) composting exercise by the CFIA Manitoba Team. The purpose of Nordevco’s participation was to evaluate the impact of BactiDomus Technology on the composting process specifically related to achieving and maintaining temperatures appropriate for the inactivation of the pathogen responsible for avian ...


    By Nordevco Associates Ltd.

  • Anaerobic co-digestion of cattle manure with rice straw: economic & energy feasibility

    Rice straw (RS) is one of the most abundant wastes generated in Valencia (Spain). Traditional waste disposal methods are harmful to the environment. The straw burning emits large amounts of toxic air pollutants and the straw burying produces uncontrolled anaerobic fermentation in the soil. The aim of this research was to evaluate the feasibility of cow manure anaerobic co-digestion with RS in a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rice straw composting and its effect on soil properties

    In Egypt, recycling rice straw and organic wastes is of great concern as well as improvement of soil properties. Rice straw compost could improve both organic waste recycling and soil quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the rice straw compost, with or without water treatment residuals (WTR), on soil chemical properties and dry weight of canola. The results showed that the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Rice straw composting and its effect on soil properties

    In Egypt, recycling rice straw and organic wastes is of great concern as well as improvement of soil properties. Rice straw compost could improve both organic waste recycling and soil quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the rice straw compost, with or without water treatment residuals (WTR), on soil chemical properties and dry weight of canola. The results showed that the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Transfer of leaf rust and stripe rust resistance genes Lr62 and Yr42 from Aegilops neglecta Req. Ex Bertol. to common wheat

    Continued genetic control of the cereal rusts depends on the availability of effective resistance genes. The wild relatives of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) constitute a source of such genes. Wheat leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks.) resistant Aegilops neglecta accession 155 was crossed with ‘Chinese Spring’. Resistant progeny were initially backcrossed to Chinese Spring and later to Chinese ...

  • Quantifying straw removal through baling and measuring the long-term impact on soil quality and wheat production

    Crop residues are considered the feedstock of choice for the production of ethanol, but removing crop residues may negatively impact soil productivity. The objectives were to quantify the proportion of total aboveground crop residues removed through baling and to evaluate the effects of 50 yr of straw removal with baling on soil quality and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. The first study ...

  • Chemical composition of residue from cereal crops and cultivars in dryland ecosystems

    Cropping systems in the dryland farming region of eastern Washington State are dominated by winter and spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Excessive levels of residue may be an obstacle in the adoption of conservation farming systems. Decomposition of cereal crop residues is associated with fiber and nutrient content, and growers have observed differences ...

  • Compost curing reduces suppression of plant diseases

    Prolonged curing of compost reduces risks of phytotoxicity but may also have an undesirable effect on suppressiveness against soil-borne diseases. In a previous study, this effect was demonstrated for a compost produced from a mixture of yard waste and biosolids, against Sclerotium rolfsii. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate that similar effects of prolonged curing may be exhibited ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Uptake and distribution of Iodine in Rice plants

    Rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants were cultivated in an experimental field and separated at harvest into different components, including polished rice, rice bran, hull, straw, and root. The contents of iodine in these components and the soil were determined by inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry and radiochemical neutron activation analysis, respectively. Iodine content varied by more than ...

  • Large-scale biohydrogen production in western Canada

    Amit Kumar, together with his colleague Susanjib Sarkar, a graduate student in the University of Alberta’s Department of Mechanical Engineering, has studied energy production in the oil sands. “When you produce bitumen, you need to upgrade it with hydrogen, mostly coming from natural gas,” Kumar said. He added that increased hydrogen supply might come from biomass depending on the results of a ...

  • Influence of catalyst on the yields and properties of products from biomass liquefaction in subcritical water

    In recent years, increasing attention has been focused on the liquefaction of biomass in subcritical water by researchers. The authors try to obtain bio-oil of high quality and high yields using straw as starting material. This process was affected by many factors such as different conditions of pressure, heating rate, reaction time and addition of catalyst. In this paper, the effects of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Establishment and growth of self-seeded winter cereal cover crops in a soybean–corn rotation

    Perpetuating cereal cover crops through self-seeding may increase adoption by reducing risk and cost. Winter rye (Secale cereale L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) were used to develop self-seeding cover crop systems in a soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]–corn (Zea mays L.) rotation. Cereals were planted and managed chemically and mechanically in varying ...

  • Marine Resources : Chitin Research Opens Up Crab Shell Profits

     Building Human Resources Instead of Landfills “The product originally designed was a chipboard four-drawer dresser that retailed for $20,” explains McDonald. The material used was chipboard “blows” or imperfect boards that would normally go to the dump. While durable, it was suitable only for garage or storage use. Manufacturing this dresser allowed the woodshop to learn the process and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting

    Latest Developments in Mid-to-Large-Scale Vermicomposting This overview of systems and operational projects describes factors which contribute to their success as well as the challenges that have forced sites to close. Many different approaches are being used to process large volumes of organic residuals with earthworms, ranging from relatively simple land and labor-intensive ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Worming the way to finished compost

    SCREENING AND GRINDING When materials from CR&R and other generators are unloaded, a preliminary screening separates out nonorganic contaminants.    Even though there are source separated programs in places like Temecula and Lake Elsinore, there is the occasional appearance of plastic and glass that needs to be sorted out. Next, Bodlak’s crews put materials through a Vermeer tub ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Minimizing Festival Trash

    The Whole Earth Festival at the University of California-Davis is a student-organized event that takes place annually in early May. The weekend attendance is approximately 30,000 people, with 16 food vendors and 100-plus craft booths. One major emphasis of the festival is environmental sustainability. To minimize waste generation, an integrated solid waste prevention strategy was conceptualized ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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