4.45 million dug wells are proposed to be included under the scheme of ‘Artificial Recharge to Ground Water through Dug Wells’. Out of which 2.72 million wells are owned by small-marginal farmers and 1.73 million wells are owned by other farmers. The average cost of recharge structure per well is estimated to be Rs. 4000. The scheme has been launched for augmenting the ground water resources in 1180 Over-exploited/Critical/Semi-critical areas in 7 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. These states are predominantly underlain by hard rocks to provide sustainability to ground water resources.
The beneficiaries of this scheme would be farmers having own well in their agricultural land. 100% subsidy will be provided to marginal and small farmers and 50 % subsidy provided to other farmers under this scheme. The net cost for implementation of the scheme is Rs.1798.71 crore out of which subsidy component is 1499.27 crore.
Large diameter dug wells continue to be the major source of water for irrigation in the major part of the country. Over-exploitation of ground water resources in recent years has resulted in the drying up/reduction in sustainability of a large number of such wells, especially in areas underlain by hard rocks.