The text of the declaration was decided after participants concurred that the root causes of environmental degradation can be found in social and economic problems such as poverty, inequality of wealth, the debt burden and unsustainable production and consumption behaviours.
Delegates noted that these problems can lead to the proliferation of diseases and conditions including malaria, tuberculosis, cholera, typhoid, bronchitis and asthma.
Luis G. Sambo, the Regional Director of the UN World Health Organization’s (WHO) African office, welcomed the declaration, saying it should serve as a catalyst for necessary political and institutional action.
“The signing of this landmark declaration is the first step towards saving the lives of millions of people from the harmful effects of changes in the environment,” Dr. Sambo said.
This week’s conference, jointly organized by WHO and the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), was attended by health ministers, environment ministers, policymakers, bilateral and multilateral institutions, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and high-level experts.