European Farms Growing Slowly but Surely

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There are around 14 million farmers in the European Union, and the average size of farms is just 14 hectares. By comparison, the USA has just 2 million farmers, yet the average size of farms is 180 hectares.

Just under 50 percent of the EU’s surface area is covered by fields, 30 percent by forests and 20 percent by something other, such as cities. Family farms are traditional in Europe, but there are also many corporate and organic farms, for example.

The average size of farms in Europe is growing slowly but surely. Between 2003 and 2010 the average size increased from 12 to 14 hectares. At the same time the number of farms decreased by 20 percent.

The largest farms can be found in the Czech Republic, where the average size is 89 hectares. In Great Britain the average size is 54 hectares, in Denmark 60 hectares, in Germany 46 hectares, in France

52 hectares and in Finland 34 hectares. The smallest farms are in Malta (1 hectare) followed by Cyprus and Romania (3 hectares).

The following table lists the average size of European farms in 2007 in hectares, and the total area of arable land in thousands of hectares.

 European farms 

 Average size 

 Total area 

 Czech Republic

 89

3518 

 Denmark

 60

2663

 Luxemburg

 57

 131

 Great Britain

 54

 16130

 France

 52

 27477

 Germany

 46

 16932

 Sweden

 43

 3118

 Finland

 34 

 2292

 Ireland

32

4139 

 Belgium

29 

1374 

 Slovakia

28 

 1937

 Netherlands

25

 1914

 Spain

24 

24893 

 Norway

21 

1032 

 Austria

19 

3189

 Switzerland

17

1057

 Portugal

13 

3473

 Italy

12744 

 Hungary

4229 

 Bulgaria

6

3051 

 Poland

6

 15477

 Romania

3

 13753

 

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