There are around 14 million farmers in the European Union, and the average size of farms is just 14 hectares. By comparison, the USA has just 2 million farmers, yet the average size of farms is 180 hectares.
Just under 50 percent of the EU’s surface area is covered by fields, 30 percent by forests and 20 percent by something other, such as cities. Family farms are traditional in Europe, but there are also many corporate and organic farms, for example.
The average size of farms in Europe is growing slowly but surely. Between 2003 and 2010 the average size increased from 12 to 14 hectares. At the same time the number of farms decreased by 20 percent.
The largest farms can be found in the Czech Republic, where the average size is 89 hectares. In Great Britain the average size is 54 hectares, in Denmark 60 hectares, in Germany 46 hectares, in France
52 hectares and in Finland 34 hectares. The smallest farms are in Malta (1 hectare) followed by Cyprus and Romania (3 hectares).
The following table lists the average size of European farms in 2007 in hectares, and the total area of arable land in thousands of hectares.