arable land News

  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions Produced by the UK’s Arable Sector Significantly Lower Than Previously Thought!

    Nitrous oxide is an important greenhouse gas, contributing more than 40% of agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions. Previously, production levels of nitrous oxide from soil were calculated at 1% a unit of nitrogen (N) applied. However, Farmers Weekly report that the five-year average Minimising Nitrous Oxide (MIN-NO) research study estimate for UK arable land is 0.46% of N applied, taking ...


    By ENDURAMAXX

  • OPINION: Corporate land grabs threaten food security

    Proponents of the local food movement like to talk about keeping "food miles" to a minimum. Buying a New Zealand apple in New England is a big no-no. Imagine if instead of stores buying fruit from the South Pacific, the government was buying land in South America to produce "our own" food. Yet that is what's happening all over the world, ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • The effects of agricultural land use change on farmland birds in Sweden

    The effects of changing agricultural practices on farmland birds are explored in a recently published study from Sweden. Overall abundance of 16 common species declined by 23% between 1994 and 2004, which may be partly caused by changes in land use, such as an increase in the amount of wheat cropland. However, effects vary between species, and some species increased or stayed stable in number. ...

  • Protecting forests alone would not halt land-use change emissions

    Global forest conservation measures meant to mitigate climate change are likely to drive massive cropland expansion into shrublands or savannahs to satisfy the ever-growing hunger for arable land. The consequent changes in land use could cause substantial greenhouse gas emissions, a new study in the journal Nature Climate Change shows. In contrast to previous assumptions, conservation schemes ...

  • Protecting forests alone will not halt land-use change emissions

    Global forest conservation measures meant to mitigate climate change are likely to drive massive cropland expansion into shrublands or savannahs to satisfy the ever-growing hunger for arable land. The consequent changes in land use could cause substantial greenhouse gas emissions, a new study in the journal Nature Climate Change shows. In contrast to previous assumptions, conservation schemes ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Despite drop from 2009 peak, agricultural land grabs still remain above pre-2005 levels

    An estimated 70.2 million hectares of agricultural land worldwide have been sold or leased to private and public investors since 2000, according to new research conducted by the Worldwatch Institute (www.worldwatch.org) for its Vital Signs Online service. The bulk of these acquisitions, which are called “land grabs” by some observers, took place between 2008 ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • Do agri-environmental policies support mixed farming systems?

    The Large Scale Grazing Systems (LSGS) of the EU are governed by legislation at regional, national and European levels. New research investigates an LSGS in Spain and suggests that the area's traditional mix of sheep and cereal farming needs improved, better co-ordinated regulatory support to survive. LSGSs are large areas of countryside used for grazing in the EU, characterised by cultural ...

  • Tenth of China`s farmland contaminated

    A tenth of China's farmland is contaminated with fertiliser, polluted water and heavy metals, threatening the country's food supply, official Chinese sources have said. As much as 12.3m hectares of farmland are affected by pollution from liquid and solid waste, some of which makes its way into the food supply, China's official news agency Xinhua reported. The statistics, sourced from the ...

  • Urban expansion can reduce food security

    Urbanising arable land can have serious economic consequences as a result of the reduction in food production and loss of ecosystem services, according to recent research. The loss of 15 000 ha of productive soils during 2003-2008 on the Emilia-Romagna Plain in Italy cost approximately €19 million in carbon storage, €100 million in wheat production and €270 million in raw ...

  • Protecting farmland biodiversity

    A new study describes the rate of loss in plant diversity in intensively farmed fields. The authors recommend that measures to protect biodiversity should focus on low-intensity farmland, due to difficulties associated with rebuilding lost biodiversity in intensively farmed land. Intensive agriculture is one of the main drivers of the decline in worldwide biodiversity. The rate of species ...

  • Soil erosion affecting farm productivity in Rwanda

    Over the years local residents of Rebero in Gicumbi District north of the Rwandan capital of Kigali, watched as their soil was washed away by rain. They also had to contend with landslides. Until a local group, the Rebero Emergency Response and Mitigation (ERDM) committee, started to reclaim the land in 2004, mainly through terracing. 'After being trained in risk management we came up ...


    By IRIN

  • New practical workshops to help UK farmers prevent nitrate pollution

    Nitrate Vulnerable Zone (NVZ) workshops and farm walks that provide hands-on help for farmers and land managers are now taking bookings across the East Midlands. Nitrate Vulnerable Zone (NVZ) workshops and farm walks that provide hands-on help for farmers and land managers are now taking bookings across the East Midlands. Following the extremely popular national NVZ seminars that ran between ...

  • European Farms Growing Slowly but Surely

    There are around 14 million farmers in the European Union, and the average size of farms is just 14 hectares. By comparison, the USA has just 2 million farmers, yet the average size of farms is 180 hectares. Just under 50 percent of the EU’s surface area is covered by fields, 30 percent by forests and 20 percent by something other, such as cities. Family farms are traditional in Europe, but ...

  • From the ground up: local knowledge informing agri-environmental policy

    Agricultural land use presents a number of environmental challenges, which the European Commission is committed to addressing through a range of agri-environmental policies. A new study points to the importance of aligning agri-environmental policies with farmers’ needs and operations. Using the case of land clearing in Finland, the research underlines the importance of incorporating input ...

  • Grassy field margins enhance soil biodiversity

    Grass strips at field margins are almost as valuable as hedgerows in encouraging diversity of soil creatures, according to new research. Six metre wide margin strips increase the number and variety of species such as earthworms, woodlice and beetles, and may act as corridors between isolated habitats. The study analysed the presence of invertebrates of three main feeding types - soil ingesters ...

  • Asia-Pacific Crop Protection Chemicals Market - Trends and Forecast to 2018

    The crop protection market consists of crop protection chemicals or agrochemicals, seeds, and genetically modified (GM) crops. Crop protection chemicals are the most dominating segment of this market in terms of market share as well as product innovations. Crop protection chemicals are further classified as herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, bio-pesticides, and adjuvants. As the latter two ...

  • Soaring food prices put further pressure on African agriculture

    Food insecurity has been exacerbated in Africa by the current rapid rise in food prices together with challenges such as climate change, greater demand for food products in emerging economies, agricultural production used for biofuels, rapid population and urbanization as well as transboundary animal and plant diseases, said FAO Director-General Jacques Diouf on June 19th at the 25th FAO Regional ...

  • First 4th Generation T Series Reach Customers

    Coinciding with the launch of the new T-series in November 2014, the factory in Suolahti, Finland, began mass production of the newly developed and extensively tested tractor range. Across Europe, including in Germany, the first machines are already working on farmland and with contractors. We were present at one of the handovers, and talked to the new owners. A white T174e Direct with front ...

  • Getting the most out of Europe`s bioenergy potential

    Developing new bioenergy crops needs to take account of the environmental risks associated with large-scale bioenergy production, says the report. Energy crops are expected to use more of Europe's farmlands over the years to come and environmental limits will be needed to avoid damaging impacts on the environment overall. Soaring energy prices and strong political support are driving the increase ...

  • Fertiliser tax of €0.05–0.27 per kilogram calculated for France as incentive to limit its use

    Farmers seeking to make the most of high crop prices may increase the area of land farmed with a valuable crop and also apply more fertiliser. These two changes can have negative environmental effects, such as water pollution caused by nitrogen run-off, biodiversity loss due to land-use change, air pollution from fertiliser and the release of greenhouse gases through changes in land use. In the ...

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