crop-based biofuel News

  • Reality check for `miracle` biofuel crop

    The hardy jatropha tree as a biofuel source may not be the panacea for smallholders that some have claimed, say Miyuki Iiyama and James Onchieku. It sounds too good to be true: a biofuel crop that grows on semi-arid lands and degraded soils, replaces fossil fuels in developing countries and brings huge injections of cash to poor smallholders. That is what some are claiming for Jatropha curcas, ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Yield projections for Switchgrass as a Biofuel Crop

    While scientists have conducted numerous studies on production of biomass from biofuel crops, such as switchgrass, no one has yet compiled this information to evaluate the response of biomass yield to soils, climate, and crop management across the United States. A team of researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Dartmouth College published just such a study in the July-August 2010 ...

  • Crop management to reduce biofuels` carbon debt

    It is widely considered that using biofuels produces less greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions than using fossil fuels. However, there are concerns that the possible effects of land use change (LUC) may outweigh these benefits. New research looks at the effects of sustainable crop management as a means of reducing the negative impacts of LUC. Biofuels form an important part of the EU's strategy for ...

  • Biofuel crops `can invade tropical ecosystems`

    Biofuel crops are more likely than other plants to become invasive in tropical and subtropical ecosystems worldwide, scientists have found. They say that a weed risk assessment (WRA) — which examines a plant's biology, geographic origin, known pest status and behaviour — can be used to predict whether a species of biofuel crop will become invasive, enabling countries to avoid environmental and ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Growing Sorghum for Biofuel

    Conversion of sorghum grass to ethanol has increased with the interest in renewable fuel sources. Researchers at Iowa State University examined 12 varieties of sorghum grass grown in single and double cropping systems. The experiment was designed to test the efficiency of double cropping sorghum grass to increase its yield for biofuel production. The author of the report, Ben Goff, found that ...


    By American Society of Agronomy

  • Growing sorghum for biofuel

    Conversion of sorghum grass to ethanol has increased with the interest in renewable fuel sources. Researchers at Iowa State University examined 12 varieties of sorghum grass grown in single and double cropping systems. The experiment was designed to test the efficiency of double cropping sorghum grass to increase its yield for biofuel production. The author of the report, Ben Goff, found that ...

  • Controversy over biofuels grows

    New research suggests that nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions associated with growing some biofuel crops may be much greater than previously thought and could be high enough to outweigh the potential CO2 savings associated with biofuels. Producing fuels from crops such as rapeseed is one strategy being explored to replace fossil fuels, with a view to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the ...

  • From Mules to Biofuels

    Farmers and policymakers are wrestling with two main concerns when it comes to ethanol production: the effect of ethanol demand on food prices, and changes in land use that are detrimental to the environment. While families were sharing corn at backyard barbecues this summer, both issues perked up ears across the globe. The Environmental Protection Agency rejected Texas Governor Rick Perry's ...

  • Advanced Biofuel Center announces Couple Biodiesel oil Crops progress

    The Advanced Biofuel Center  (ABC) recently announced progress on its work with its mission "more Biodiesel oil per hectare" by developing two or more dedicated Biodiesel Crops in same acreage and that without extra inputs.  According to the ABC, it has developed a highly productive procedure and system of plantation of a couple of oil crops in same land area and a set of best practices ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Breakthrough in quest to turn seaweed into biofuels

    Brown seaweed's potential as a vast source of biofuels has been highlighted with the announcement that scientists have found a way of converting all its major sugars into ethanol. A team reported in Science today (19 January) that it has engineered a microbe that will convert the sugars to ethanol, overturning ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Evogene Expands Biofuel Activity in Brazil With SLC Agricola

    Evogene Ltd. (TASE: EVGN) and SLC Agricola (BOVESPA: SLCE3) (PINKSHEETS: SLCJY) (BLOOMBERG: SLCE3:BZ) (REUTERS: SLCE3.SA), a leading agribusiness company in Brazil, today announced expansion of their agreement for the development of castor bean seeds as a cost competitive feedstock for biofuels. This expansion follows successful completion of field trials for such varieties in northeast Brazil ...


    By Marketwire

  • Genetic engineering could cut the cost of biofuels

    Plant genetic engineering could play a major part in reducing the cost of biofuel production from food crop wastes such as rice straw or from non-food crops such as willow and poplar. A recent study suggests further research is needed to develop plants that are better suited for biofuel production, through genetic modifications. According to the study's author, biofuels have the potential to ...

  • FAO calls for review of biofuel policies and subsidies

    Biofuel policies and subsidies should be urgently reviewed in order to preserve the goal of world food security, protect poor farmers, promote broad-based rural development and ensure environmental sustainability, FAO said in a new edition of its annual flagship publication The State of Food and Agriculture (SOFA) 2008. “Biofuels present both opportunities and risks. The outcome would depend on ...

  • Biochemist studies oilseed plants for biofuel, industrial development

    A Kansas State University biochemistry professor has reached a milestone in building a better biofuel: producing high levels of lipids with modified properties in oil seeds.  Timothy Durrett, assistant professor of biochemistry and molecular biophysics in the College ...


    By Kansas State University

  • Rice serves up double measure of biofuel and fodder

    Japanese scientists have found a potential answer to the biofuel dilemma that if you grow crops for energy, you have to sacrifice crops for food. They report that they can now ferment rice to deliver ethanol, while making silage for cattle feed –and that it can all be done on the farm without need for any expensive off-site processes. Mitsuo Horita, of the  ...


    By Climate News Network

  • Protecting soils and producing biofuel with corn stover

    Those lonely cornstalks—called corn stover—left behind in the fields after the grain harvest is complete could someday become valuable raw material for the production of cellulosic ethanol. In the meantime, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) soil scientist Doug Karlen is determining which portion of the plant would work best for cellulosic ethanol production. He's also studying the amount of ...

  • Moringa Meet 2012 Highlights Studies in Moringa Plant Byproducts to Maximize Returns & Understand Moringa as a Biofuel Crop

    India based Center For Jatropha Promotion & Biodiesel (CJP)’s 2 Day Moringa State of Art International Workshop: Global Moringa Meet 2012  focuses on the entire Moringa production from Ground zero to scale from November 25 & 26, 2012, Jaipur, India. Topics are carefully selected to cover the Agronomy, Horticulture, Biology, ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • OECD and FAO see lower farm prices - livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

    The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO. Demand for agricultural products is expected to remain firm while expanding at lower rates than in the past decade. Cereals are still at the core ...

  • Lack of science means jatropha biofuel `could fail poor`

    Mass planting of jatropha as a biofuel crop could benefit poor areas as well as combating global warming, but only if a number of scientific and production issues are properly addressed, a review has warned. Growing jatropha for biofuel on degraded land unsuitable for food and cash crops could help improve the earnings of small farmers and counter poverty, reports the Food and Agriculture ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • SG Biofuels Develops Jatropha Hybrid Seed Production Technology

    SAN DIEGO - SG Biofuels, a bioenergy crop company developing and producing elite seeds of Jatropha, today announced it has established a proprietary technology for large-scale Jatropha hybrid seed production.  Hybrid seeds result in greater yield, uniformity and vigor while significantly reducing handling and deployment costs for plantation developers. The company ...


    By SGB, Inc.

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