crop-based biofuel News

  • Reality check for `miracle` biofuel crop

    The hardy jatropha tree as a biofuel source may not be the panacea for smallholders that some have claimed, say Miyuki Iiyama and James Onchieku. It sounds too good to be true: a biofuel crop that grows on semi-arid lands and degraded soils, replaces fossil fuels in developing countries and brings huge injections of cash to poor smallholders. That is what some are claiming for Jatropha curcas, ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Yield projections for Switchgrass as a Biofuel Crop

    While scientists have conducted numerous studies on production of biomass from biofuel crops, such as switchgrass, no one has yet compiled this information to evaluate the response of biomass yield to soils, climate, and crop management across the United States. A team of researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Dartmouth College published just such a study in the July-August 2010 ...

  • Biofuel crops increase carbon emissions

    The conversion of forests and grasslands into fields for the plants offsets the benefit of using the fuel, researchers find. Greenhouse-gas output overall would rise instead of fall. The rush to grow biofuel crops -- widely embraced as part of the solution to global warming -- is actually increasing greenhouse gas emissions rather than reducing them, according to two studies published Thursday in ...

  • Biofuel and crop research grows by AUS$1.6m

    The research team will identify the genes associated with key plant properties responsible for growth, flowering and grain-filling in grasses. They will use the advanced robotic and imaging plant research tools of the Australian Plant Phenomics Facility (APPF) to conduct the research. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recognised the unique, world-class capability that the APPF affords by ...

  • Warning issued over invasive biofuel crops

    The Standing Committee of the Bern Convention (the Council of Europe Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats), has adopted a new recommendation for biofuels. The recommendation, which is legally binding to member states, states that biofuel crops of species which are already recognised as invasive in the proposed planting region should be avoided. This has come ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Growing Sorghum for Biofuel

    Conversion of sorghum grass to ethanol has increased with the interest in renewable fuel sources. Researchers at Iowa State University examined 12 varieties of sorghum grass grown in single and double cropping systems. The experiment was designed to test the efficiency of double cropping sorghum grass to increase its yield for biofuel production. The author of the report, Ben Goff, found that ...


    By American Society of Agronomy

  • Growing sorghum for biofuel

    Conversion of sorghum grass to ethanol has increased with the interest in renewable fuel sources. Researchers at Iowa State University examined 12 varieties of sorghum grass grown in single and double cropping systems. The experiment was designed to test the efficiency of double cropping sorghum grass to increase its yield for biofuel production. The author of the report, Ben Goff, found that ...

  • Perennial grass crops - a carbon neutral biofuel?

    Perennial crops, such as grasses, are attracting increasing interest as potential biofuel crops. Perennial crops have significant advantages over many annual crops because they require less energy input during growth than annual crops which not only need to be planted each year, but typically require more fertiliser, herbicide and pesticide input. Research on farm-scale cultivation of the ...

  • Crop management to reduce biofuels` carbon debt

    It is widely considered that using biofuels produces less greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions than using fossil fuels. However, there are concerns that the possible effects of land use change (LUC) may outweigh these benefits. New research looks at the effects of sustainable crop management as a means of reducing the negative impacts of LUC. Biofuels form an important part of the EU's strategy for ...

  • Biofuel crops `can invade tropical ecosystems`

    Biofuel crops are more likely than other plants to become invasive in tropical and subtropical ecosystems worldwide, scientists have found. They say that a weed risk assessment (WRA) — which examines a plant's biology, geographic origin, known pest status and behaviour — can be used to predict whether a species of biofuel crop will become invasive, enabling countries to avoid environmental and ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Biofuels from tree seeds

    Tree seeds, rather than biomass or fuel crop plants, could represent an abundant source of renewable energy, according to research published in the International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management. The study suggests that seeds from the Indian mahua and sal trees have almost as good a thermal efficiency as biodiesel but would produce lower emissions of carbon monoxide, waste ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced Biofuel Center announces Couple Biodiesel oil Crops progress

    The Advanced Biofuel Center  (ABC) recently announced progress on its work with its mission "more Biodiesel oil per hectare" by developing two or more dedicated Biodiesel Crops in same acreage and that without extra inputs.  According to the ABC, it has developed a highly productive procedure and system of plantation of a couple of oil crops in same land area and a set of best practices ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Biofuels could hasten climate change

    A new study finds that it will take more than 75 years for the carbon emissions saved through the use of biofuels to compensate for the carbon lost when biofuel plantations are established on forestlands. If the original habitat was peatland, carbon balance would take more than 600 years. The oil palm, increasingly ...


    By ScienceDaily

  • Analyzing long-term impacts of biofuel on the land

    The growing development and implementation of renewable biofuel energy has considerable advantages over using declining supplies of fossil fuels. However, meeting the demands of a fuel-driven society may require utilizing all biofuel sources including agricultural crop residues. While a useful biofuel source, crop residues also play a crucial role in maintaining soil organic carbon stock. This ...

  • Grazing land has scope for biofuel surge

    Converting grazing land into fields to grow crops for biofuels could provide up to 30 per cent of the world’s energy needs, according to a report. The report says at least 500 million ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Scientists Develop Fast-Growing Sorghum for Biofuel

    COLLEGE STATION, Texas, October 9, 2007 (ENS) - American cars and trucks may soon be fueled with sorghum. Not used widely as a food grain in the United States, sorghum is one of the five top cereal crops in the world, along with wheat, oats, corn, and barley. It was cultivated in Egypt in ancient times, and Africa still is the largest producer of sorghum today. Now, energy crop ...

  • Biochemist studies oilseed plants for biofuel, industrial development

    A Kansas State University biochemistry professor has reached a milestone in building a better biofuel: producing high levels of lipids with modified properties in oil seeds.  Timothy Durrett, assistant professor of biochemistry and molecular biophysics in the College ...


    By Kansas State University

  • NRC drives strategy to commercialize biofuel from algae

    Canada"s National Research Council is collaborating with a number of industrial partners to commercialize technologies for algae cultivation, biomass handling, oil extraction and ultimately, fuel production. NRC is committing approximately $5M in funding through the National Bioproducts Program and the ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Algae PhotoBioreactor`s convert Carbon to Biofuels

    Engineering designers from fishace technologies in Perth, Western Australia have developed a modular APB (Algae Photo Bioreactor) that can be placed at mine sites and power plant facilities to capture up to 85% of greenhouse gas emissions, blamed for global warming. APB’s captured gases include contaminants such as carbon dioxide and nitrous oxides. CO2 produced from the combustion of carbon ...

  • USDA announces support for producers of advanced biofuel

    Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced today that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is making payments to support the production of advanced biofuel. USDA is making nearly $15.5 million in payments to 188 producers through the Advanced Biofuel Payment Program. USDA Rural Development Acting Under Secretary Doug O'Brien made the announcement on Vilsack's behalf in Omaha, Neb., at the ...

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