crop-based biofuel News

  • Reality check for `miracle` biofuel crop

    The hardy jatropha tree as a biofuel source may not be the panacea for smallholders that some have claimed, say Miyuki Iiyama and James Onchieku. It sounds too good to be true: a biofuel crop that grows on semi-arid lands and degraded soils, replaces fossil fuels in developing countries and brings huge injections of cash to poor smallholders. That is what some are claiming for Jatropha curcas, ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Yield projections for Switchgrass as a Biofuel Crop

    While scientists have conducted numerous studies on production of biomass from biofuel crops, such as switchgrass, no one has yet compiled this information to evaluate the response of biomass yield to soils, climate, and crop management across the United States. A team of researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Dartmouth College published just such a study in the July-August 2010 ...

  • Biofuel crops increase carbon emissions

    The conversion of forests and grasslands into fields for the plants offsets the benefit of using the fuel, researchers find. Greenhouse-gas output overall would rise instead of fall. The rush to grow biofuel crops -- widely embraced as part of the solution to global warming -- is actually increasing greenhouse gas emissions rather than reducing them, according to two studies published Thursday in ...

  • Warning issued over invasive biofuel crops

    The Standing Committee of the Bern Convention (the Council of Europe Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats), has adopted a new recommendation for biofuels. The recommendation, which is legally binding to member states, states that biofuel crops of species which are already recognised as invasive in the proposed planting region should be avoided. This has come ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Biofuel and crop research grows by AUS$1.6m

    The research team will identify the genes associated with key plant properties responsible for growth, flowering and grain-filling in grasses. They will use the advanced robotic and imaging plant research tools of the Australian Plant Phenomics Facility (APPF) to conduct the research. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has recognised the unique, world-class capability that the APPF affords by ...

  • Crop management to reduce biofuels` carbon debt

    It is widely considered that using biofuels produces less greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions than using fossil fuels. However, there are concerns that the possible effects of land use change (LUC) may outweigh these benefits. New research looks at the effects of sustainable crop management as a means of reducing the negative impacts of LUC. Biofuels form an important part of the EU's strategy for ...

  • Biofuel crops `can invade tropical ecosystems`

    Biofuel crops are more likely than other plants to become invasive in tropical and subtropical ecosystems worldwide, scientists have found. They say that a weed risk assessment (WRA) — which examines a plant's biology, geographic origin, known pest status and behaviour — can be used to predict whether a species of biofuel crop will become invasive, enabling countries to avoid environmental and ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Growing Sorghum for Biofuel

    Conversion of sorghum grass to ethanol has increased with the interest in renewable fuel sources. Researchers at Iowa State University examined 12 varieties of sorghum grass grown in single and double cropping systems. The experiment was designed to test the efficiency of double cropping sorghum grass to increase its yield for biofuel production. The author of the report, Ben Goff, found that ...


    By American Society of Agronomy

  • Growing sorghum for biofuel

    Conversion of sorghum grass to ethanol has increased with the interest in renewable fuel sources. Researchers at Iowa State University examined 12 varieties of sorghum grass grown in single and double cropping systems. The experiment was designed to test the efficiency of double cropping sorghum grass to increase its yield for biofuel production. The author of the report, Ben Goff, found that ...

  • Advanced Biofuel Center announces Couple Biodiesel oil Crops progress

    The Advanced Biofuel Center  (ABC) recently announced progress on its work with its mission "more Biodiesel oil per hectare" by developing two or more dedicated Biodiesel Crops in same acreage and that without extra inputs.  According to the ABC, it has developed a highly productive procedure and system of plantation of a couple of oil crops in same land area and a set of best practices ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Breakthrough in quest to turn seaweed into biofuels

    Brown seaweed's potential as a vast source of biofuels has been highlighted with the announcement that scientists have found a way of converting all its major sugars into ethanol. A team reported in Science today (19 January) that it has engineered a microbe that will convert the sugars to ethanol, overturning ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Biofuels could hasten climate change

    A new study finds that it will take more than 75 years for the carbon emissions saved through the use of biofuels to compensate for the carbon lost when biofuel plantations are established on forestlands. If the original habitat was peatland, carbon balance would take more than 600 years. The oil palm, increasingly ...


    By ScienceDaily

  • Brachypodium will be a big help in biofuels research

    A short little grass known as purple false brome may speed discoveries about switchgrass, its famous cousin and energy-crop hopeful. Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists like John Vogel and Yong Gu at the agency's Western Regional Research Center in Albany, Calif., are probing the genetic makeup of purple false brome, or Brachypodium distachyon, as a faster way to learn more about the ...

  • Analyzing long-term impacts of biofuel on the land

    The growing development and implementation of renewable biofuel energy has considerable advantages over using declining supplies of fossil fuels. However, meeting the demands of a fuel-driven society may require utilizing all biofuel sources including agricultural crop residues. While a useful biofuel source, crop residues also play a crucial role in maintaining soil organic carbon stock. This ...

  • Algae Biofuel Biology Science Education System launched

      Biodiesel Business Academy (BBA) has launched Algae Biofuel Biology Science Education System as a part of its campus biofuel initiative for serving schools, colleges and universities, as well as developing world applications. The Centre for Jatropha Promotion & Biodiesel (CJP) is a bioenergy crop research and development company and has highest priority to contribute to the transition ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

  • Seaweed problem could provide algae biofuel solution

    It has often been used as a farmland fertilizer, and in some communities it is eaten as a vegetable, but now researchers believe that seaweed could power our cars and heat our homes too. One species of algae in particular, sugar kelp (Laminaria saccharina), is exciting scientists from Norway. ...


    By Climate News Network

  • Scientists Develop Fast-Growing Sorghum for Biofuel

    COLLEGE STATION, Texas, October 9, 2007 (ENS) - American cars and trucks may soon be fueled with sorghum. Not used widely as a food grain in the United States, sorghum is one of the five top cereal crops in the world, along with wheat, oats, corn, and barley. It was cultivated in Egypt in ancient times, and Africa still is the largest producer of sorghum today. Now, energy crop ...

  • Biochemist studies oilseed plants for biofuel, industrial development

    A Kansas State University biochemistry professor has reached a milestone in building a better biofuel: producing high levels of lipids with modified properties in oil seeds.  Timothy Durrett, assistant professor of biochemistry and molecular biophysics in the College ...


    By Kansas State University

  • OECD and FAO see lower farm prices - livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

    The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO. Demand for agricultural products is expected to remain firm while expanding at lower rates than in the past decade. Cereals are still at the core ...

  • Rice serves up double measure of biofuel and fodder

    Japanese scientists have found a potential answer to the biofuel dilemma that if you grow crops for energy, you have to sacrifice crops for food. They report that they can now ferment rice to deliver ethanol, while making silage for cattle feed –and that it can all be done on the farm without need for any expensive off-site processes. Mitsuo Horita, of the  ...


    By Climate News Network

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