crop quality measurement News

  • Using rotation crops to improve soil quality

    Soil quality issues are being researched within two crop rotation experiments that started in 1994 at Narrabri. They compare several crop rotations that include or exclude legume phases. The data presented here relate to the most recent 2-year cycles of these experiments. Following cotton harvest at the end of the previous cycle, rotation crops are sown (winter cereal, faba beans (grain) or vetch ...

  • Crop water use efficiency

    Crop water use efficiency (WUE), or yield per unit of water used, can be improved through irrigation management and methods, including deficit irrigation (irrigating less than is required for maximum yields) and supplemental irrigation (irrigating to supplement precipitation so as to avoid crop failure or severe yield decline). Thus, WUE is key for agricultural production with limited water ...

  • The future of cover crops

    Winter cover crops are an important component of nutrient cycling, soil cover and organic matter content. Although its benefits are well documented, cover crop use in farming systems is relatively low. Research has shown that time and money are the two primary reasons why farmers are hesitant to adopt the technique. Developing innovative and cost-effective crop cover systems could increase the ...

  • Cover crops reduce erosion, runoff

    Cover crops may be more effective at reducing soil erosion and runoff after maize harvest than rough tillage, according to scientists from the Université Catholique de Louvain, in collaboration with the Independent Center for the Promotion of Forage (CIPF). The three-year study, supervised by Charles Bielders and conducted by Eric Laloy, measured erosion and runoff losses from silt loam ...

  • Target the crop not the soil - to reduce fertiliser use

    Feed the crop not the soil’ is the message of a new review into sustainable phosphorus use. Currently, phosphorus fertiliser is applied to the soil, and plants then take it up through the roots. However, more precise nutrient management is needed on farms, the researchers say, so that the phosphorus is targeted at the crop just as it needs it. Modern agriculture is dependent on phosphorus, ...

  • Crop performance matters when evaluating GHGs

    Measuring the emission of greenhouse gases from croplands should take into account the crops themselves. That’s the conclusion of a study in the September-October issue of the Journal of Environmental Quality, which examined the impact of farm practices such as tillage on the greenhouse gas, nitrous oxide (N2O). Expressing emissions per unit of crop yield rather than on a more conventional ...

  • Statistical analysis can estimate crop performance

    Scientists at Rothamsted Research, United Kingdom, in collaboration with the International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Syria have developed a method of accounting for spatial trend in single crop field trials. Spatial trend refers to the variations in crop yield and other characteristics observed when repeating this single crop field trial.   Usually plant ...

  • Where is your soil water? Crop yield has the answer

    Crop yield is highly dependent on soil plant-available water, the portion of soil water that can be taken up by plant roots. Quantitative determination of the maximum amount of plant-available water in soil using traditional methods on soil samples remains challenging, especially at the scale of an entire field. However, a map of plant-available water capacity for a field would be instrumental in ...

  • Purfresh Expands Solar Crop Protectant Product Line with Purshade Ultra

    Purfresh, a leading provider of clean technologies that purify, protect, and preserve the global food supply chain, today introduced Purshade® Ultra, a next-generation solar stress protectant scientifically engineered to provide advanced ultraviolet (UV) protection for crops. Purshade Ultra, formulated with premium materials and advanced chemistry, is the latest member of the Purshade family of ...


    By Marketwire

  • Crossbreeding GM crops may increase fitness of wild relatives

    A new study has investigated the effects of interbreeding a genetically modified squash crop with its wild relative. The findings demonstrate that it could cause wild or weedy relatives to become more resistant to disease. Genetic Modification (GM) can be used to develop crops that are resistant to specific pests. However, there are concerns that if a GM crop interbreeds with its wild or weedy ...

  • Emissions cuts also offer quick health and crop benefits

    Reducing methane and black carbon emissions could quickly tackle climate change while improving food security and people's health, especially in developing countries, a study reports. Scientists identified 14 ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Increasing diversity through crop rotation boosts soil microbial biodiversity and productivity

    Planting a variety of crop species in rotation in agricultural fields increases the diversity of soil microbes below ground, recent research has found. This in turn positively affects soil organic matter, soil structure and aids the healthy functioning of the soil. The researchers say that rotational diversity can help farmers to grow crops in a more sustainable way that promotes soil stability. ...

  • Maintaining food crop diversity: an interview with Gary Paul Nabhan

    Guest author Fred Bahnson interviewed Gary Paul Nabhan, a lecturer, food and farming advocate, folklorist, and conservationist who lives and farms in the U.S. Southwest. Nabhan discusses his new book, the future of agriculture, and how 1,400-year-old Lebanese farming techniques influence his land ethic. Tell me about your latest book, Where Our Food Comes From-Retracing Nikolay Vavilov's ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • A model to measure soil health in the era of bioenergy

    One of the biggest threats to today’s farmlands is the loss of soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil organic matter (SOM) from poor land-management practices. The presence of these materials is essential as they do everything from providing plants with proper nutrients to filtering harmful chemical compounds to the prevention of soil erosion. Sustainable management practices for crop residues are ...

  • The importance of measuring and monitoring soil moisture

    Crop irrigation uses more than 70% of the world’s water, and thus, improving irrigation efficiency is decisive to sustain the food demand from a fast-growing world population.* In future measuring and monitoring soil moisture will get more and more important to meet the needs of an increasing demand for food. Eijkelkamp offers solutions with a wide range of ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Rice serves up double measure of biofuel and fodder

    Japanese scientists have found a potential answer to the biofuel dilemma that if you grow crops for energy, you have to sacrifice crops for food. They report that they can now ferment rice to deliver ethanol, while making silage for cattle feed –and that it can all be done on the farm without need for any expensive off-site processes. Mitsuo Horita, of the  ...


    By Climate News Network

  • Dutch-German research team develops new integrated crop protection system for greenhouse horticulture

    The Dutch-German ‘Healthy Greenhouse’ project offers a completely new ‘total concept’ for crop protection in modern greenhouse horticulture. This new ‘Healthy Greenhouse System’ enables growers to produce high-quality crops without pests and diseases. After four years of research the results of the Interreg project ‘Healthy Greenhouse’ will be ...

  • Bayer CropScience acquires European distribution rights for biofungicide Contans from Belchim Crop Protection

    Bayer CropScience announced today that it has acquired the sole European distribution rights for the biological fungicide Contans™ WG from Belchim Crop Protection NV effective October 1, 2014. This acquisition further strengthens Bayer CropScience’s crop protection portfolio and is another step in building up a comprehensive range of biologicals as part of integrated crop solutions. ...


    By Bayer CropScience AG

  • Selective broccoli harvester increases uniformity and quality of the product

    Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture is developing a harvester for broccoli. This robot is different from other mechanical harvesters by adding a selectivity feature: an intelligent Computer Vision system registers and selects only the broccoli of a pre-determined exact size and leaves the remainder until another optimal harvesting moment is reached. A broccoli crop does not grow in an uniform ...

  • Biodiesel Business Academy Offers Improved version of Nonfood Energy Crops Starter Kits

    CJP , the Centre for Jatropha Promotion & Biodiesel ‘s new Nonfood Biodiesel crops like algae, castor, moringa, pongamia, jojoba, simarouba, Mahua, flax, kenaf, Calophyllum etc. are poised for commercialization as the newest, greatest biodiesel feedstock as these crops can produce the greatest amount of feedstock for the lowest input and cost. Good scientific research done by ...


    By Advanced Biofuel Center

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