The study demonstrates that the European public places a high value on these public goods and yet the evidence suggests that they are not being provided on a sufficient scale. It finds that the CAP has a range of measures that help to support farmers in the delivery of public goods. The combination of direct payments and cross compliance supports a basic level of public goods provision across a large proportion of the EU farmed area. Rural Development measures, such as the agri-environment measure, provide the incentives for farmers to deliver a wide range of public goods in a more targeted manner.
The report concludes that many of these public goods are undersupplied. The undersupply of public goods is likely to be accentuated in the future in the face of threats such as trends in commodity prices, technological drivers and the impacts of climate change, suggesting the need for a greater degree of public intervention in the future.
The report can be downloaded at the following link:
- Including, for example, the unique landscapes of the English hills and moors, the pastoral landscapes in southern Transylvania, Romania, the terraced landscapes characterised by traditional olive production and other permanent crops in Italy and Spain, the high alpine pastures of Austria, southern France and northern Italy, the grazing marshes of Mecklenburg in Germany, and the extensive rice fields of the Ebro Delta, north east Spain.
- Great Bustard ( Otis tarda) and Imperial Eagle ( Aquila heliaca).