Climate change fundamentally shifts the agricultural development agenda. Changing temperature and precipitation, sea level rise, and the rising frequency of extreme climate events will significantly reduce global food production in this century unless action is taken. Major investments, private and public, will be needed.
Adapting agriculture to climate change is necessary to achieve food security, and agricultural mitigation can also reduce atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations and slow climate change itself. There are many drivers of change affecting agricultural sectors around the world, including population growth, changes in consumer demand and market integration. Climate Smart Agriculture is an integrated approach to achieve food security in the face of climate change, while also mitigating climate change and contribute to other development goals. Achieving these goals will require cooperation at many levels, including working with farmers’ organizations and other stakeholders in the private sector, scientists, and policy makers at the national and sub national level.
Scientists and climate experts worldwide cooperated to complete a position paper on Climate-Smart Agriculture guiding principles.
The following organizations were involved: Wageningen UR (University and Research centre), University of California Davis, CIRAD (Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement), FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), World Bank, CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Ghana) and CGIAR/CCAFS (Research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security).