Adaptive management: potential and limitations for ecological governance
Adaptive management is reviewed as a paradigm that addresses a widely perceived need to give more prominence to ecological imperatives. Its contribution to the management of complex problem situations is addressed with reference to the facilitation of social learning and the creation of institutions. The roles of simulation modelling are considered as an example, and ways to overcome social dilemmas are highlighted. Recent critical reflection on experience is offered with a deeper exploration of learning processes in AM. Integrated pest management provides an illustrative example of AM within the agricultural domain.
Keywords: adaptive management, community integrated pest management, complex system management, facilitation, institutions, social learning