Advantages of Tomato Growing in Hydroponic Systems
The comparison of the amount of water needed to produce a kilo of tomatoes in greenhouse cultivation systems without hydroponics and high-tech greenhouse cultivation with hydroponics yield…
- Greenhouse tomato cultivation without hydroponics: 30 liters per kilo of tomato.
- Hydroponic cultivation in a high-tech greenhouse with recirculating drains: 4 liters per kilo of tomato.
Thus, it is clear that high-tech hydroponic greenhouse crops with recirculation drainage (such as those presented by Hydroponic Systems consume less water per kilo of tomato.
In addition, among a series of advantages and characteristics that hydroponics provides compared to soil crops, we find the following:
- It allows to produce crops out of season, to advance or delay them or even when there is still a crop in exploitation (interplanting).
- Higher production and higher quality at harvest, high nutritional quality, color and firmness.
- In Cluster Tomatoes (TOV), the yields in a Hydroponic Greenhouse could vary from 28Kg-30Kg / m2, up to 65Kg-70Kg / m2. The difference between the production volumes achieved is getting by having a better substrate, better crop management and good equipment such as the following, always depending on the weather conditions:
*Greenhouse with the appropriate height to control the relative humidity and temperature, wide spans that allow to expand the space between the cultivation lines and favor the capture of light from the plants, double vents, plastic suitable for the environmental and cultivation conditions, etc.
*Recirculators to move the air inside the greenhouse that help to better control relative humidity and temperature, also avoiding air stratification.
*Heating to achieve plant development in an environment with an ideal temperature for growing. Tomato cultivation has quite high climatic requirements compared to other Solanaceae, so that in temperate or cold climates its production is necessary in environments that allow its development.
*Fertigation equipment: precision and quality in nutrition.
*Irrigation sectors in a closed circuit that allow the lines to be fed at both ends and favors a more homogeneous nutrition.
*Humidification systems if necessary.
- In a low-technology hydroponic greenhouse, productions of 30 kg / m2 per year can be obtained, in a higher-technology greenhouse, more than 65 kg / m2 per year can be obtained from the same crop.
- An optimal circulation of the drains reduces the proliferation of diseases and their contagion between plants of the same line.
- Savings in fertilizers and phytosanitary products.
- Maximizes aeration between the substrate bag and drainage flow through the use of a * Spacer crop separator.
- Greater cleanliness and hygiene in the finished product.
- In hydroponic systems crops of hanging gutter it is not necessary to level the ground.
- Hydroponic crops allow to produce without depending on the soil and therefore on its quality and condition. In this way, we could produce anywhere, enabling production closer to the place of sale and / or consumption. Among the advantages of this we find:
*Shorter logistics chain for product delivery.
*Possibility of collecting the products at a more optimal point of maturity.
*Potential reduction in costs and pollution due to transport.
Having a piece such as the Spacer allows an optimal circulation of the drainage under the bags of substrate that it firmly supports, in addition to preventing the roots of the plants from coming into contact with the soil or the humidity of the gutter and transferring or contracting diseases along the crop line. On the other hand, it avoids that the operators need to prune the salient roots thanks to the separation of 6 centimeters existing between the soil / base of the gutter and the bag. The Spacer helps reduce the loss of plants during the production cycle and achieves a significant increase in both quantity and quality.
In conclusion, we could affirm that hydroponics is a profitable alternative, capable of supplying and producing quality fresh fruit and vegetables anywhere without depending on soil conditions, as long as the crop management and equipment are adequate.