Bacillus probiotics for lakes and ponds organic degradation
Probiotics used in the aqua environment is an increasing attempt to enhance water and pond/lake soil quality. Probiotics usually have a microbial and plant origin. The most commonly known probiotics belong to bacteria. You may be surprised to learn that bacillus probiotics are used as soil and water quality enhancer in ponds. However, aquaculture is a fast-growing industry to fulfill the demand for protein for a growing population. Moreover, several microbiologists suggested that you should use probiotics to reduce the organic debris in the lakes. Let’s take an in-depth sight of Bacillus probiotics.
Bacteria of the bacillus genus are the most widespread microorganism in the world. They are present in water, soil, and air. Bacillus spp. as probiotics work wonders for sustaining the aquaculture environment. Besides, bacillus plays a desirable role in water, such as:
- Removes the waste from the medium
- Maintaining water quality
- Enhances the growth of aquatic animals
- Increases the immune function of marine organisms
- Improves the volume of beneficial bacteria
- Reduces the load of harmful agents
Generally, aquaculture waste products are feed, feces, unbroken feed, and planktons readily decaying in the water. In ponds and lakes, bacteria degrade the uneaten feed, nitrogenous elements, feces, plants remaining, and other wastes. Bacillus probiotics contain the remarkable capacity to do such necessary processes such as:
- Mineralization of organic matter
- Cellulose( plants) breakdown
- Ammonia and sulfide oxidation
- Removal of nitrogen
Moreover, they also enhance the oxygen concentration in the water. The role of different probiotics is significant in improving the survival of the organisms in the lakes. However, the whole cycle of biodegradation in lakes/ponds works by following these steps:
- The quality of soil and water decreases when the waste load exceeds the number of bacteria—also, organic matter increases, oxygen concentration declines, and toxic compounds are stored in the water. The overall quality of the lake/pond starts decreasing. Ultimately, it harms the life of the fish or other organisms in the ponds.
- The bacillus probiotics are used to improve the soil and water quality by speeding up the degradation process. Also, the probiotics significantly reduce the nitrogenous wastes from the water. Bacillus spp. increase the immunity of the aquatic organisms and increase survivability.
- Probiotics produce enzymes in the water. These enzymes break down organic waste into smaller particles. Moreover, bacterial probiotics absorb these smaller particles. This reduces the amount of waste in the pond/lake, and the quality of water increases.
Probiotics play a significant role in the biodegradation process of lakes and ponds. Different doses of these probiotics have a notable impact on the quality of the sediment and water. Studies have shown that the bacillus have increased the shrimps and fish’s survival rate.