anaerobic composting Articles

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • Decolorization of paper mill effluents with disimilar characteristics using anaerobic composting

    Currently, there are no national standards for color limits in pulp and paper mill  wastewaters effluents. In some cases, there are regional or State stream standards based on the receiving waters. Decolorization of this industry wastewater is getting higher concerns due to possible regulations to the color of the discharge effluents. The sustainability of color removal and the degree and ...

  • Evaluating the potential of an electronic nose for detecting the onset of anaerobic conditions during composting

    Most bad odours in composting plants are formed under anaerobic conditions and often they could be avoided if detected early enough. In this project an electronic nose was used to evaluate the odours produced during a composting process at bench scale. The electronic nose consists of an array of electronic chemical sensors with partial specificity and an appropriate pattern recognition system ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Aerobic Composting 101

    If you have recently purchased a compost tumbler bin, let me be the first to say congratulations! You’ve just taken the first step toward aerobic composting. What is aerobic composting, you ask, and why is it so great? In this article, we’ll explain how aerobic composting works and what you need to do to get started. There are two main types of composting, aerobic and anaerobic. ...


    By Biofinch Ltd.

  • Composting Organics In Canada

    Organic waste diversion is spreading steadily across Canada, with greater tonnages being collected through residential curbside pick ups and depots, as well as from food processors and others in the industrial, commercial and institutional sectors. At the federal level, Canada’s government has a small presence in organics diversion and composting. It offers occasional financial support, as ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Ohio supermarket composting

    State and grocery chain commitment lead to successful food waste diversion pilot that could motivate others to replicate program. IN JULY 2008, the Kroger supermarket chain decided to expand its active role in the community to include an environmental element. The company’s first food scrap composting program was rolled out in 24 Ohio stores. In just four months, more than 650 tons of food waste ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Troubleshooting the Compost Pile

    While composting is a biological process, we as composters must provide the microorganisms that do the work with the conditions they need to do their job. If there is a problem with the system, then look at it from the point of view of the microbe. What does that microbe need to function, and why isn’t it functioning correctly? Microorganisms need a source of energy organic feedstocks to feed on ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Understanding Compost Tea

     Understanding Compost Tea COMPOST TEA describes many different preparations made using compost as a starting material and producing a liquid extract or in some cases a “liquid version” of the original compost. There are many home-designed pieces of equipment and some commercially available equipment made to produce compost tea. New ideas abound on how to fabricate the better tea-maker and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Evaluating Microbiology of Compost

    The fact that not all compost is created equal has both producers and growers looking for ways to successfully evaluate compost quality. Traditional compost analysis has focused on NPK and micronutrient concentrations in an effort to mirror fertilizer analysis. Compost, however, is much more complex than fertilizer and its most significant value to the grower may be far more than its mineral ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • January Composting Roundup

    St. Paul, Minnesota: State DOT Issues New Compost Specs The Minnesota Department of Transportation (MNDOT) updated its specifications for using finished compost in MNDOT projects in the 2018 Edition of its “Standard Specifications For Construction.” The two main changes to the specs, explains Kayla Walsh of the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, are: 1) Inclusion of food ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Food composting infrastructure

    From 1995 to 2000, BioCycle published an annual national survey of food waste composting projects in the United States. Since then, we have continued to track food waste composting activity, and in 2007 launched www.findacomposter.com, a publicly searchable data base that lists many sites in the U.S. that receive municipal, commercial, institutional and industrial food waste ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting In rural Alaska

    Gardeners, communities and commercial enterprises have proven that composting works in Alaska, especially given large quantities of fish waste and diminishing landfill capacity. ALASKA is two and a half times larger than the largest state in the lower 48 states. Over half of the entire state’s population lives within the municipality of Anchorage. Many Alaskan villages can only be reached ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Backyard Composting Developments

    Untitled Document ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Livestock Mortalities

    Performance, composting methods, environmental impacts and biosecurity of the process are evaluated for emergency disposal of cattle by research team at Iowa State University. A THREE-YEAR study was commissioned by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources to evaluate the practical feasibility, performance, environmental impacts and biosecurity of using composting for emergency disposal - should a ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Introduction of composted digestates in agriculture

    Municipal organic waste is increasingly recycled by aerobic composting or anaerobic digestion procedures. In 1997, 230 000 Mg organic waste were composted and used for agriculture in the region of Cologne, which is an increase by 70% compared to 1994 (Anonymous, 1999). Therefore, the effects of compost on the soil and the plants require studies on:- its nutrient contents to contribute to the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Monitoring Moisture In Composting Systems

    Monitoring Moisture In Composting Systems IF YOU SQUEEZE a handful of material and water drips or trickles out, it is the right moisture content for composting.” This bit of hands-on wisdom comes from the proverbial squeeze-test for evaluating moisture in composting piles. It has been uttered by Master Gardeners and other composting educators for many years as a tool for determining, and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting in flanders: the vlaco experience

    Currently, the Flanders waste policy is based on the so-called ‘ladder of Lansink’. Six aerobic composting and one anaerobic digestion plant are operational for the treatment of biowaste. Some new composting plants are foreseen for 1999 and/or 2000. Composting retention time varies from 10 to 15 weeks. Green waste is treated in 15 open air composting plants. With respect to the use of compost ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Composting infrastructure trends in the UK

    The European Union's Landfill Directive, which restricts landfilling of biodegradable waste, has made it necessary to develop alternative infrastructures to manage the organic fraction of the solid waste stream. In the United Kingdom, the Landfill Directive has created demand for composting facilities that take source separated organics (SSO), and for anaerobic digestion. Infrastructure also is ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Canadian Composting Industry on the Grow

    Organic residuals continue to represent one of the largest untapped portions of the residential and industrial waste streams in Canada. However, this will not continue for much longer. Throughout Canada, programs have been or are about to be established that will capture organic materials and, through composting, transform them into value-added products for use in a multitude of applications. The ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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