composting emissions Articles

  • Composting

    Introduction Composting is a controlled biological process by which organic contaminants (e.g., PAHs) are converted by microorganisms (under aerobic and anaerobic conditions) to innocuous, stabilized byproducts. Typically, thermophilic conditions (54 to 65 °C) must be maintained to properly compost soil contaminated with hazardous organic contaminants. The increased temperatures result from heat ...

  • Odour emissions from MSW composting process steps

    This study brought to the definition and the calculation of Odour Emission Factors (OEFs), which enable the estimation of odour emissions from a composting plant by relating the quantity of odour emitted to the atmosphere to a given associated activity. The results show that the aerobic biological treatment has the highest odour impact, with an OEF of 1.4 ? 108 ouE t−1. Moreover, the efficiency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A cost-effective method for controlling compost air emissions

    In October 2007, ECS began conducting trials at California State University Fresno (CSUF) to explore using the new patent pending AC Composter (ACC) covered aerated static pile system to manage dairy manure solids and comply with airquality standards. A two-zone portable pilot system was delivered by ECS and installed at the CSUF research dairy. This research is being conducted under a Phase I ...

  • Composting dairy solids with the ac composter

    In October, ECS began conducting trials at California State University Fresno to explore using the new patent pending AC Composter system to manage dairy manure solids and comply with air-quality standards. A two-zone portable pilot system was delivered by ECS and installed at the CSUF's research dairy. This research is being conducted with funds from a USDA Small Business Innovative Research ...

  • Effect of covering composting piles with mature compost on ammonia emission and microbial community structure of composting process

    Received for publication February 14, 2008. To control ammonia (NH3) volatilization from the dairy cattle (Bos taurus) manure composting process, a compost pile was covered with mature compost and the gas emissions evaluated using the dynamic chamber system. The peak of NH3 volatilization observed immediately after piling up of the compost was reduced from 196 to 62 mg/m3 by covering the compost ...

  • The effects of bioadditive in the form of yeasts and zeolite on the composting process and odour emission

    The objectives of this paper are to determine the effectiveness of bioadditive in the form of yeasts and zeolite in reducing odour and ammonia emissions during composting and to assess its effects on the process. Two series of experiments were conducted. The higher dosage treatments reached thermophilic temperatures sooner and the high temperatures stayed longer. The application of bioadditive at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The effects of bioadditive in the form of yeasts and zeolite on the composting process and odour emission

    The objectives of this paper are to determine the effectiveness of bioadditive in the form of yeasts and zeolite in reducing odour and ammonia emissions during composting and to assess its effects on the process. Two series of experiments were conducted. The higher dosage treatments reached thermophilic temperatures sooner and the high temperatures stayed longer. The application of bioadditive at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Municipal composting - Case Study

    Application TEG Environmental are world leaders in rapid composting, and as part of a major programme to cut the amount of municipal waste going to landfill, they are installing new state of the art “in-vessel” composting facilities in Rochdale and Bredbury. These will be capable of handling 180,000 tonnes of green and food waste each year, and are scheduled to come on stream ...

  • Ohio supermarket composting

    State and grocery chain commitment lead to successful food waste diversion pilot that could motivate others to replicate program. IN JULY 2008, the Kroger supermarket chain decided to expand its active role in the community to include an environmental element. The company’s first food scrap composting program was rolled out in 24 Ohio stores. In just four months, more than 650 tons of food waste ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • In-Vessel Composting of Residential Organics

    In 1994, the Regional Municipality of Peel began work on a system for residential organic residuals collection and composting. Although Peel had been promoting backyard composting, greater diversion rates were sought. The public was surveyed to determine what level of cooperation could be expected for source separation and setting out of food, soiled paper products, yard trimmings, etc. “We knew ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Benefits of composting at home

    There are a lot of ways that we can take part in helping save the environment. Ways include water management, smart shopping, fuel efficiency and recycling. However, the most environmentally valuable action that we can all take part is composting. Through composting, we are helping out in reducing the overflow of worldwide waste considering that majority of the landfills are becoming more ...


    By Biofinch Ltd.

  • Calculating capacity at composting sites

    The addition of new composting facilities or expansion of capacity at existing ones is becoming more and more difficult as feasible sites are taken out of circulation. This has created interest in maximizing the unit production of compost at composting sites so that they perform as efficiently as possible. The need is especially acute if physical expansion is not possible, but increases in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Composting Advances in Oregon and Washington

    Over the years, different forces have served as drivers to help grow the composting industry. For example, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was the perceived landfill crisis that led to state bans on disposal of yard trimmings. Composting also has benefitted from a push to meet recycling goals, which has prompted states and local governments to go beyond yard trimmings and into such ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Operator insights: compostable products

    Compostable products are increasingly a part of the formula when companies, institutions, municipal programs and special events decide to go green, usually to implement a food scraps diversion program. Due to increasing demand, the compostable products industry is growing rapidly, with many different options on the market. BioCycle has been covering developments in the compostable products ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Retrofit facilitates food waste composting

    Waste Connections, Inc. (WCI), the third largest waste and recycling company in North America, recently invested $10 million to upgrade Silver Springs Organics (Silver Springs), a commercial composting facility in Washington State that it purchased in 2009 from Greg Schoenbachler, Silver Springs’ founder. The facility, located in Rainier, opened for business in April 2007 (see ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Latest Trends in Yard Trimmings Composting

    Untitled Document YARD TRIMMINGS composting has come a long way in the almost two decades since states began restricting disposal of leaves, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Rapid Mono-Composting Biosolids Facility

    California Cental Valley composter utilizes the Managed Organic Recycling, Inc. Covered Aerated Static Pile (ASP) Composting System to meet Air Board regulations requireing greated than 90% capture of emissions (VOCs).  System was developed to rapidly compost bisolids to meet PFRP (process to further reduce pathogens) and compost stability in under 10 days.  Facility has increased ...

  • Influence of temperature during the initial phase of Composting on biological activity and emission of Ammonia and dinitrogen oxide

    Composting is a robust and cheap biological treatment method useful for all solid biodegradable waste. The performance of composting can vary substantially depending on managing conditions such as oxygen supply and compost temperature. Oxygen and temperature affects the rate of degradation and may also influence emission of NH3 and N2O. The gaseous N losses during composting from organic ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Formation and emissions of ammonia and greenhouse gases from stored and composted solid animal manure

    Beside other branches of industry, agriculture is an important source of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions and the most important source of ammonia (NH3). In spite of several investigations concerning ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions during storage and composting of liquid and solid animal manure, the real extent of these emissions is still unknown. This is mainly because of the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

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