row crop production Articles

  • Tillage requirements for integrating winter-annual grazing in peanut production: plant water status and productivity

    The use of crop rotation systems involving winter-annual grazing can help peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) producers increase profitability, although winter-annual grazing could result in excessive soil compaction, which can severely limit yields. We conducted a 3-yr field study on a Dothan loamy sand in southeastern Alabama to develop a conservation tillage system for integrating peanut with ...

  • Evaluation of management practices for grain amaranth production in eastern canada

    Grain amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) is a C4 dicotyledonous pseudocereal crop that was widely cultivated in pre-Columbian America. It was successfully introduced in many regions with contrasting environmental conditions. The introduction of grain amaranth in eastern Canada would represent an opportunity for diversification. A study was conducted to evaluate management practices for grain amaranth ...

  • Global Grain Stocks Drop Dangerously Low as 2012 Consumption Exceeded Production

    The world produced 2,241 million tons of grain in 2012, down 75 million tons or 3 percent from the 2011 record harvest. The drop was largely because of droughts that devastated several major crops—namely corn in the United States (the world’s largest crop) and wheat in Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Australia. Each of these countries also is an important exporter. Global grain ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Agroforestry Buffers Reduce Runoff from Agricultural Watersheds

    Despite increased attention and demand for the adoption of agroforestry practices throughout the world, rigorous long-term scientific studies confirming environmental benefits from the use of agroforestry practices are limited. The objective of this study was to examine nonpoint-source pollution (NPSP) reduction as influenced by agroforestry buffers in watersheds under grazing and row crop ...

  • Living mulch forage yield and botanical composition in a corn-soybean-forage rotation

    Managing forages as living mulches during row crop production requires suppressing the forages to produce economical crop yields. The objective of this research was to identify forage plants with varied growth habit, persistence, and yield potential to provide desirable ecosystem functions in a multifunctional cropping system. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), kura clover (Trifolium ambiguum Bieb.), ...

  • Mutagenesis, selection, and allelic analysis of epicuticular wax mutants in sorghum

    Epicuticular wax forms an outer coating on the aerial surfaces of many crop plants and is implicated in tolerance to several environmental stresses including drought. Advances in knowledge of biosynthesis and secretion of these leaf surface waxes could lead to improvements in crop-stress tolerance. To study the genetics of epicuticular wax deposition, we screened for bloomless (bm) and ...

  • Likely impacts of biofuel expansion on Midwest land and water resources

    US ethanol production should exceed 12 billion gallons by 2010, and EISA 2007 mandates 36 billion gallons by 2022, diverting one-third of corn to ethanol and 13% of soybean production to biodiesel. Increased demand will ricochet through other agricultural sectors and alter production patterns and land use in the Corn Belt. This paper discusses effects of biofuel expansion on land and water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Light and moisture competition effects on biomass of red clover underseeded to winter wheat

    Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) use as an underseeded cover crop in winter cereals has declined due to inability of growers to consistently establish uniform stands. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of light and soil moisture competition on underseeded red clover establishment and end of season dry matter production. Field trials were conducted at multiple locations in 2005 ...

  • Soybean response to inoculation and nitrogen application following long-term grass pasture

    Current demand for soybean grain [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] may lead to a conversion of pasture and Conservation Reserve Program fields into soybean or corn (Zea mays L.) production. Our objective was to determine the effect of soybean seed inoculation with Bradyrhizobium spp. and fertilizer N application rate on soybean productivity planted 1 and 2 yr after conversion to row crop production. ...

  • Five Ways to Manage the Soil for Planting

    The soil, as the primary resource for food production and the most important tool for every farmer, is crucial for farming. Successful farming begins with the quality soil, which provides water and essential nutrients to the crops. Rich and healthy soil, combined with the appropriate amount of water and sunlight can significantly contribute to global food production. Proper soil management ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • How farm policy used to work

    In the period between the 1930s and 1992, farm bills generally instituted compensation policies that took the form of price supports. These policies were designed to manage the surplus production that resulted from centuries of developmental policies while allowing U.S. farmers the chance, with hard work and good management skills, to provide their family with a livelihood. Compensation policies ...


    By National Farmers Union

  • Knowledge of Farm Practices – The Key for Successful Farming

    Agriculture plays an important part in the world economy. One-third of the economically active population obtains its livelihood from agriculture. In Asia and Africa, millions of small-scale farmers, fishermen, and indigenous people produce most of the food consumed worldwide, in most cases on very small plots of land. Agriculture is increasingly called upon to address a wide range of critical ...


    By Agrivi Ltd

  • Landfill gas, canola and biodiesel: working towards a sustainable system

    Snohomish County in western Washington State began converting its vehicle fleet to a blend of biodiesel in 2005. As prices for biodiesel rose due to increased demand for this cleaner-burning fuel, Snohomish County looked to its farmers to “grow” this fuel locally. Suitable oil seed crops for biodiesel feedstock include canola, mustard and camelina. The residue, or meal, has high value ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Assessing agroforestry`s advantages

    Agroforestry, the deliberate placement of trees into crop and livestock operations, can help capture substantial amounts of carbon on agricultural lands while providing production and conservation benefits. However, we currently lack tools for accurately estimating current and projected carbon values in these systems. In North America, windbreaks are an effective carbon-capturing option. Only ...

  • Intersex (testicular oocytes) in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) on the Delmarva Peninsula, USA

    We describe the prevalence and severity of intersex in the form of testicular oocytes (TO) in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides; LMB) collected over a 5 yr period from a variety of surface waters on the Delmarva Peninsula, USA, a region dominated by poultry production and agricultural land‐use. During a 2005–2007 survey of approximately 200 male specimens representing 6 fish and 2 frog ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Benefits of minimum tillage case study

    In Hungary, the MARGINS project is being conducted near Lake Balaton - the largest lake in Central Europe. The lake is renowned for its beauty and wildlife. Its surrounding hilly landscape is covered with rich brown forest soil. This landscape is, however, prone to soil erosion -in particular, rills develop when soil is weakened by excessive tillage and exposed to intense rainstorms. If not ...


    By Syngenta

  • Harvesting Corn Stover and Soil Quality

    Corn stover, left in fields after corn grain harvest, has been identified as a potential feedstock to help supply biofuel needed to offset a portion of the 14 million barrels of oils consumed daily by the U.S. transportation sector. It was projected to supply 256 million tons of the 1.4 billion tons of biomass (232 million Mg out of 1.3 billion Mg) estimated to be available each year. Corn stover ...

  • Improving soil nutrition with poultry litter application in low-input forage systems

    Despite high volumes of manure production in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, there are still areas of forage production that are nutrient deficient because manures have traditionally been applied to higher-value row crops. This study was conducted to compare the effects of poultry litter and inorganic fertilizers on soil fertility and forage production. Two sites had the same treatments ...

  • On site at Northdown Orchard Organic Farm

    On Saturday 15th of October we were on site with Mike and the team at Northdown Orchard, an existing customer who was kind enough to show us around the farm and let us snap some great photos at his site in exchange for a morning demonstrating our latest stone burier on his tractor. About Northdown Orchard The organic farm is a family run affair and sits on a site of ...


    By Farm Tech Supplies Ltd.

  • New FarmLogs hardware device automatically creates Yield Maps

    Today from InfoAg, FarmLogs, the leading all-in-one field monitoring platform and trusted partner to over 25% of U.S. row crop farms, announced the release of FarmLogs Flow, the first connected machine product to generate instant yield maps. The small plug-in hardware device integrates with the FarmLogs platform and automatically creates yield maps, eliminating the complex and manual time ...


    By TractorExport

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