Keywords: agricultural biotechnology, Turkey, Turkish agriculture, energy, science and technology policy, developing countries, sustainable development, economic development, government policy, national initiatives, technological innovation
Making use of biotechnology applications in Turkish agriculture: Why is it not yet happening?
One of the primary challenges for developing countries is to create new opportunities for sustainable economic development through the use of new technologies such as biotechnology. In this context, the use of agricultural biotechnology to produce cheap biofuel made from agricultural crops as well as agricultural waste (cellulose) might have a great potential to promote rural development in Turkey. Yet, in order to make it happen it needs a clear commitment of the Turkish government. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of Turkish Science and Technology Policy in making better use of biotechnology to address the country's economic, environmental and social challenges. The insufficient use knowledge to promote endogenous economic development is related to inadequate regulation of science and technology in Turkey and the lack of political leadership in the effective implemenation of national initiatives to promote technological innovation.