Meta-analysis of QTL associated with fusarium head blight resistance in wheat
Quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with resistance to Fusarium head blight (FHB), which is mainly caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe [telomorph: Gibberella zeae Schw. (Petch)], have been identified in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) from different countries. Due to the differences of genetic backgrounds and analysis methods, the linked marker and significance levels of QTL are not consistent across studies. Such discrepancies make it difficult to select diagnostic flanking markers. Meta-analysis has been used to estimate the confidence intervals (CIs) of QTL in plant and animal genomes. The objective of this study was to cluster 249 FHB resistance QTL identified in 46 unique lines from 45 studies based on the estimated QTL CI by meta-analysis. A total of 209 QTL conditioning FHB resistance type I, II, III and IV were classified into 43 clusters on 21 chromosomes. Among them, 119 QTL were significant and 116 QTL explained more than 10% of phenotypic variation. There are 19 confirmed QTL located on chromosomes 3A, 5A, 7A, 1B, 3BS, 5B, 6B, and 2D. The results provide chromosome locations and linked markers for overlapping and unique QTL. Markers flanking QTL clusters can be used to pyramid diverse QTL more efficiently through marker-assisted breeding.